oxbow

oxbow lake

[oks-boh]

Small lake located in a former meander loop of a river or stream channel. It is generally formed as a river cuts through a meander neck to shorten its course, blocks off the old channel, and then migrates away from the lake. If only one loop is cut off, the lake is crescent-shaped; if more than one loop is cut off, the lake is serpentine (winding). Eventually, oxbow lakes silt up to form marshes and finally meander scars.

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Oxbow is a plantation in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. The population was 56 at the 2000 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the plantation has a total area of 38.2 square miles (99.0 km²), of which, 37.8 square miles (97.8 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²) of it (1.23%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 56 people, 29 households, and 20 families residing in the plantation. The population density was 1.5 people per square mile (0.6/km²). There were 83 housing units at an average density of 2.2/sq mi (0.8/km²). The racial makeup of the plantation was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.

There were 29 households out of which 13.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.20.

In the plantation the population was spread out with 8.9% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 35.7% from 45 to 64, and 32.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the plantation was $33,333, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $37,917 versus $28,750 for females. The per capita income for the plantation was $15,247. There were 18.2% of families and 21.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 50.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References

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