Optic radiation

Optic radiation

The optic radiation (also known as the geniculo-calcarine tract or as the geniculostriate pathway) is a collection of axons from relay neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus carrying visual information to the visual cortex (also called striate cortex) along the calcarine fissure.

There is one such tract on each side of the brain.

Parts

A distinctive feature of the optic radiations is that they split into two parts on each side:

Source Path Information Damage
Fibers from the inferior retina (also called "Meyer's loop" or "Archambault's loop") must pass into the temporal lobe by looping around the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle. Carry information from the superior part of the visual field A lesion in the temporal lobe that results in damage to Meyer's loop causes a characteristic loss of vision in a superior quadrant (quadrantanopia.)
Fibers from the superior retina travel straight back to the occipital lobe in the retrolenticular limb of the internal capsule to the visual cortex. Carry information from the inferior part of the visual field Taking the shorter path, these fibers are less susceptible to damage.

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