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Edinburgh Festival

Edinburgh Festival is a collective term for several simultaneous arts and cultural festivals which take place during August each year in Edinburgh, Scotland. These festivals are arranged by a number of formally unrelated organizations, meaning there is no single event officially termed the Edinburgh Festival.

History

The Edinburgh Festival, which holds the world record for the largest arts festival in the world, traces its roots to 1947, when the Edinburgh International Festival (EIF) was established in a post-war effort to "provide a platform for the flowering of the human spirit". That same year, eight theatrical companies "gatecrashed" the Festival by organizing their own event, outside the official auspices of the EIF; this started the movement which grew into the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. The EFF is also referred to as the Edinburgh Fringe, the Fringe, or, incorrectly, the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

The EIF and the Fringe remain independent bodies, and organize separate programmes each year. Over the period since 1947, several other Festivals have also been established in Edinburgh - with most of them similarly taking place around August each year. There is therefore not one Edinburgh Festival, but a collection of independent Festivals which happen to take place in the same city at the same time.

List of Edinburgh summer Festivals

The Edinburgh summer Festivals, in order of the year of their foundation, are as follows. An asterisk indicates that the Festival is a member of Festivals Edinburgh, the umbrella body which represents the Edinburgh Festivals to government.

The following Festival also occurs in Edinburgh during August, but is essentially an industry gathering - it does not offer events open to the public.

Film Festival date change

The Edinburgh International Film Festival or EIFF (founded 1947) was traditionally also held in August. However, from 2008 the EIFF has moved to late June, citing concerns over costs during August and congestion in the international film festival calendar.

Year-round Festivals

Although the phrase "Edinburgh Festival" is generally taken to refer to the August events, a number of other Festivals are held in the city around the year. These include, in calendar order:

References

External links

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