Olives, Mount of, or Olivet, ridge, E of Jerusalem, mentioned in the Old Testament as the scene of David's flight from the city, Ezekiel's theophany, and Zechariah's prophecy, and in the New Testament as a frequent resort of Jesus and the scene of his Ascension. The principal hill of the mount is often called "the Ascension." Bethany and Bethphage lie near its foot, and the garden of Gethsemane is on the western slope. 2 Sam. 15.30; Ezek. 11.23; Zech. 14.4; Mat. 21.1; Acts 1.12.

Limestone ridge, east of Jerusalem. Frequently mentioned in the Bible, it is holy both in Judaism and in Christianity. Politically it is part of the municipality of Greater Jerusalem under Israeli administration. Its slopes have been the most sacred burial ground in Judaism for centuries. The peak generally regarded as the Mount of Olives is 2,652 ft (808 m) in elevation. Nearby is the site held by tradition to be the Garden of Gethsemane, which is associated with the betrayal and Crucifixion of Jesus.

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