Olaf V

Olaf V

[oo-lahf, Eng. oh-luhf, oh-luhv]
Olaf V, 1903-91, king of Norway (1957-91), son and successor of Haakon VII. In 1929 he married Princess Martha of Sweden (d. 1954). Following the German invasion of Norway, Olaf took an active part in the struggle for liberation. He assumed supreme command of the Norwegian forces in 1944 and returned to Norway in 1945. He was succeeded by his only son, Harold V.
Norwegian in full Olav Alexander Edward Christian Frederik

Olaf V, 1973

(born July 2, 1903, Appleton House, near Sandringham, Norfolk, Eng.—died Jan. 17, 1991, Oslo, Nor.) King of Norway (1957–91). Son of King Haakon VII, Olaf became a celebrated sportsman, winning the gold medal in yachting at the 1928 Olympics. In World War II he lived in exile with his family in England and was named head of the Norwegian armed forces in 1944. From 1955 he served as regent for his father, whom he succeeded as king in 1957. Like other constitutional monarchs, Olaf's duties were largely ceremonial.

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The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle was founded in 1687. Dates shown are for election or installation.

Founders
18th Century 19th Century 20th Century 21st Century

Name Life Date Notes

Knights Founders

James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth 1648-1716 1687  
George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon 1649-1716 1687  
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl 1631-1703 1687  
James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton 1658-1712 1687  
Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth 1661-1701 1687  
John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort 1650-1715 1687  
George Douglas, 1st Earl of Dumbarton 1635-1692 1687  
Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray 1634-1701 1687  

Eighteenth Century

John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll 1680-1743 1704 Resigned 1710 when made KG
John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl 1659-1724 1704  
William Johnston, 1st Marquess of Annandale d. 1721 1704  
James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1674-1705 1704  
George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney 1666-1737 1704  
James Ogilvy, 1st Earl of Seafield 1663-1730 1704  
William Kerr, 2nd Marquess of Lothian 1661-1722 1704  
Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery 1674-1731 1704  
John Erskine, 22nd Earl of Mar 1675-1732 1706 Degraded 1715
Hugh Campbell, 3rd Earl of Loudoun d. 1731 1706  
John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair 1673-1747 1710  
David Colyear, 1st Earl of Portmore 1656-1730 1713  
John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland 1661-1733 1716  
William Cadogan, 1st Baron Cadogan 1670-1726 1716 Later Earl Cadogan
Thomas Hamilton, 6th Earl of Haddington 1680-1735 1717  
Charles Bennet, 1st Earl of Tankerville 1674-1722 1721  
Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1695-1751 1725 Later 2nd Duke of Buccleuch
William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex 1697-1743 1725 Resigned 1738 when made KG
Alexander Hume-Campbell, 2nd Earl of Marchmont 1676-1740 1725  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton 1703-1743 1726  
Charles Bennet, 2nd Earl of Tankerville 1697-1753 1730  
Charles Stuart, 6th Earl of Moray 1660-1735 1731  
Charles Colyear, 2nd Earl of Portmore 1700-1785 1732  
James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl 1690-1764 1734  
William Kerr, 3rd Marquess of Lothian 1690-1767 1734  
James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton 1703-1768 1738  
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute 1713-1792 1738 Resigned 1762 when made KG
Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun 1681-1742 1738  
Augustus Berkeley, 4th Earl of Berkeley 1716-1755 1739  
James Stuart, 8th Earl of Moray 1708-1767 1741  
John Carmichael, 3rd Earl of Hyndford 1701-1767 1742  
Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart 1707-1770 1743  
Cosmo George Gordon, 3rd Duke of Gordon 1720-1752 1748  
William Dalrymple-Crichton, 5th Earl of Dumfries d. 1768 1752  
Francis Greville, 1st Earl Brooke 1719-1773 1753  
John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes 1698-1767 1753  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton 1724-1758 1755  
Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart 1721-1776 1763  
William Douglas, Earl of March 1725-1810 1763 Later 5th Duke of Queensberry
John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll 1693-1770 1765  
Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch 1746-1812 1767 Resigned 1794 when made KG
John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl 1729-1774 1767  
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle 1748-1825 1767 Resigned 1793
William Henry Kerr, 4th Marquess of Lothian 1710-1775 1768  
David Murray, 7th Viscount Stormont 1727-1796 1768 Later 2nd Earl of Mansfield
John Ker, 3rd Duke of Roxburghe 1740-1804 1768  
Prince William Henry 1765-1837 1770 Later William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Neil Primrose, 3rd Earl of Rosebery 1729-1814 1771  
Robert Henley, 2nd Earl of Northington 1747-1786 1773  
Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon 1743-1827 1775  
John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway 1736-1806 1775  
William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian 1737-1815 1776  
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 8th Duke of Hamilton 1756-1799 1786  
Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury 1739-1814 1786  
James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose 1755-1836 1793 Resigned 1812 when made KG
John Poulett, 4th Earl Poulett 1756-1819 1794  
George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton 1761-1827 1797  
John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl 1755-1830 1800  

Nineteenth Century

William Schaw Cathcart, 10th Lord Cathcart 1755-1843 1805 Later Earl Cathcart
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen 1784-1860 1808  
Charles William Henry Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch 1772-1819 1812  
Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Montgomerie 1739-1819 1812  
George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway 1768-1834 1814  
Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny 1755-1843 1814  
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine 1750-1823 1815  
Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury 1773-1856 1819 Later Marquess of Ailesbury
William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian 1763-1824 1820  
George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale 1787-1876 1820  
Archibald Kennedy, 12th Earl of Cassilis 1770-1846 1821 Later Marquess of Ailsa
James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale 1759-1839 1821  
Robert Saunders-Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville 1771-1851 1821  
Charles Douglas, 6th Marquess of Queensberry 1777-1837 1821  
George Gordon, 5th Earl of Aboyne 1761-1853 1827 Later 9th Marquess of Huntly
Henry Richard Greville, 3rd Earl Brooke 1779-1853 1827  
James Duff, 4th Earl of Fife 1776-1857 1827  
Francis Stuart, 10th Earl of Moray 1771-1848 1827  
Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex 1773-1843 1830  
Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch 1806-1884 1830 Resigned 1835 when made KG
William George Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll 1801-1846 1834  
David William Murray, 3rd Earl of Mansfield 1777-1840 1835  
John Campbell, 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane 1796-1862 1838  
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, 6th Duke of Roxburghe 1816-1879 1840  
Archibald John Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery 1783-1868 1840  
HRH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 1842  
William David Murray, 4th Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield 1806-1898 1843  
John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute 1793-1848 1843  
James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose 1799-1874 1845  
John Hamilton Dalrymple, 8th Earl of Stair 1771-1853 1847  
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin 1811-1863 1847  
James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 10th Earl of Dalhousie 1812-1860 1848 Later Marquess of Dalhousie
Robert Dundas Haldane-Duncan, 1st Earl of Camperdown 1785-1859 1848  
Alexander George Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun 1785-1853 1852  
Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton 1812-1861 1853  
Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington 1780-1858 1853  
Fox Maule Ramsay, 1st Baron Panmure 1801-1874 1853 Later 11th Earl of Dalhousie
George Augustus Frederick John Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl 1814-1864 1853  
George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll 1823-1900 1856  
George William Fox Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird 1807-1878 1857  
Archibald Kennedy, 2nd Marquess of Ailsa 1816-1870 1859  
James Duff, 5th Earl of Fife 1814-1879 1860  
Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland 1795-1873 1861 Resigned 1872 when made KG
Robert Montgomery Hamilton, 8th Lord Belhaven and Stenton 1793-1868 1861  
David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie 1826-1881 1862  
Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier 1819-1898 1864  
HRH Prince Alfred Ernest Albert 1844-1900 1864 Later Duke of Edinburgh
Thomas Alexander Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat 1802-1875 1865  
John Hamilton-Dalrymple, 10th Earl of Stair 1819-1903 1865  
HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales 1841-1910 1867 Later Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom
John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke of Atholl 1840-1917 1868  
James Carnegie, 9th Earl of Southesk 1827-1905 1869  
HRH Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert 1850-1942 1869 Later Duke of Connaught
William Hugh Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto 1814-1891 1870  
John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne 1845-1914 1871 Later 9th Duke of Argyll
HRH Prince Leopold George Duncan Albert 1853-1884 1871 Later Duke of Albany
Charles John Colville, 10th Lord Colville of Culross 1818-1903 1874 Later Viscount Colville of Culross
Matthew Baillie Begbie 1819-1894 1875  
John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute 1847-1900 1875  
William Henry Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1831-1914 1875 Later 6th Duke of Buccleuch
Sir William Stirling-Maxwell 1818-1878 1876  
William Alexander Stephen Douglas-Hamilton, 12th Duke of Hamilton 1845-1895 1878  
Schomberg Henry Kerr, 9th Marquess of Lothian 1833-1900 1878  
John Charles Ogilvy-Grant, 7th Earl of Seafield 1815-1881 1879  
Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham, 5th Duke of Montrose 1852-1925 1879  
Alexander William George Duff, 6th Earl of Fife 1849-1912 1881 Later Duke of Fife
John William Ramsay, 13th Earl of Dalhousie 1847-1887 1881  
HRH Prince George William Frederick Charles, Duke of Cambridge 1819-1904 1881  
Alan Plantagenet Stewart, 10th Earl of Galloway 1835-1901 1888  
James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford 1847-1913 1891  
HRH Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Duke of York 1865-1936 1893 Later George V, King of the United Kingdom
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery 1847-1929 1895  
William Montagu Hay, 10th Marquess of Tweeddale 1826-1911 1898  
Charles Alexander Douglas-Home, 12th Earl of Home 1834-1918 1899  
Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland 1844-1929 1900  
John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun 1860-1908 1900 Later Marquess of Linlithgow

Twentieth Century

Alexander Hugh Bruce, 6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh 1849-1921 1901  
Charles Gore Hay, 20th Earl of Erroll 1852-1927 1901  
Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe 1876-1932 1902  
George Baillie-Hamilton, 11th Earl of Haddington 1827-1917 1902  
Ronald Ruthven Leslie-Melville, 11th Earl of Leven 1835-1906 1905  
John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, 7th Earl of Aberdeen 1847-1934 1906 Later Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth 1849-1909 1908  
Gavin George Hamilton, 2nd Baron Hamilton of Dalzell 1872-1952 1909  
Walter John Francis Erskine, 12th Earl of Mar 1865-1955 1911  
Donald James Mackay, 11th Lord Reay 1839-1921 1911  
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane 1856-1928 1913  
HRH Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught 1883-1938 1913  
Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird 1847-1923 1914  
Simon Joseph Fraser, 16th Lord Lovat 1871-1933 1915  
John Charles Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch 1864-1935 1917  
Douglas Haig 1861-1928 1917 Later Earl Haig
John George Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl 1871-1942 1918  
David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford 1871-1940 1921  
HRH Edward Albert Christian George, Prince of Wales 1894-1972 1922 Later Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom
John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute 1881-1947 1922  
HRH Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George, Duke of York 1895-1952 1923 Later George VI, King of the United Kingdom
Algernon Hawkins Thomond Keith-Falconer, 9th Earl of Kintore 1852-1930 1923  
Ronald Crauford Munro-Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar 1860-1934 1926  
Sidney Buller-Fullerton-Elphinstone, 16th Lord Elphinstone 1869-1955 1927  
Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow 1887-1952 1928  
Claude George Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne 1855-1944 1928  
George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland 1888-1963 1929  
Sir John Stirling-Maxwell 1866-1956 1929  
Charles Cospatrick Archibald Douglas-Home, 13th Earl of Home 1873-1951 1930  
Herbert Eustace Maxwell 1845-1937 1933  
HRH Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of Gloucester 1900-1974 1933  
Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin 1881-1968 1933  
Archibald Alexander Leslie-Melville, 13th Earl of Leven 1890-1947 1934  
Donald Walter Cameron 1876-1951 1934  
HRH Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, Duke of Kent 1902-1942 1935  
HM Queen Elizabeth 1900-2002 1937  
Iain Colquhoun 1887-1948 1937  
John James Dalrymple, 12th Earl of Stair 1879-1961 1937  
Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian 1882-1940 1940  
Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair 1890-1970 1940 Later Viscount Thurso
David Lyulph Gore Wolseley Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie 1893-1968 1942  
Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham 1883-1963 1945  
James Graham, 6th Duke of Montrose 1878-1954 1947  
Albert Edward Harry Meyer Archibald Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery 1882-1974 1947  
Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch 1894-1973 1949  
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton 1903-1973 1951  
George Baillie-Hamilton, 12th Earl of Haddington 1894-1986 1951  
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh b. 1921 1952  
Alexander Steven Bilsland, 1st Baron Bilsland 1892-1970 1955  
David Alexander Robert Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford 1900-1975 1955  
John Stirling 1893-1975 1956  
George Mathers, 1st Baron Mathers 1886-1965 1956  
Kenneth Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 12th Lord Kinnaird 1880-1972 1957  
Thomas Godfrey Polson Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan 1895-1977 1957  
Olaf V, King of Norway 1903-1991 1962  
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home 1903-1995 1962 Later Baron Home of the Hirsel
Robert Gordon Menzies 1894-1978 1963  
James Wilson Robertson 1899-1983 1965  
Francis David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss and March b. 1912 1966  
John Charles Walsham Reith, 1st Baron Reith 1889-1971 1968  
Charles Hector Fitzroy Maclean, Baron Maclean 1916-1990 1969  
Simon Ramsay, 16th Earl of Dalhousie 1914-1999 1971  
Richard Nugent O'Connor 1889-1981 1971  
Ronald John Bilsland Colville, 2nd Baron Clydesmuir 1917-1996 1972  
Robert Ian Algernon Forbes-Leith 1902-1973 1972  
Harald Robert Leslie, Baron Birsay 1905-1982 1973  
John Scott Maclay, 1st Viscount Muirshiel 1905-1992 1973  
Donald Hamish Cameron of Lochiel 1910-2004 1973  
Bernard Edward Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae 1911-1980 1974  
George Nigel Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk 1906-1994 1976  
William Hunter MacFadzean, Baron MacFadzean 1903-1996 1976  
HRH Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales b. 1948 1977  
John Cameron, Baron Cameron 1900-1996 1978  
Walter Francis John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch 1923-2007 1978  
Andrew Douglas Alexander Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin b. 1924 1981  
George Morgan Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth 1921-2008 1981  
Neil Cameron, Baron Cameron of Balhousie 1920-1985 1983  
Crawford Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch 1917-2000 1983  
David George Coke Patrick Ogilvy, 13th Earl of Airlie b. 1926 1985  
Iain Mark Tennant 1919-2006 1986  
William Stephen Ian Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw 1918-1999 1990  
Fitzroy Hew Maclean 1911-1996 1993  
George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie 1931-2003 1995  
John Campbell Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott b. 1924 1996  
Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford b. 1927 1996  
Lady Marion Anne Fraser b. 1932 1996  
Norman Somerville Macfarlane, Baron Macfarlane of Bearsden b. 1926 1996  
James Peter Hymers Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern b. 1927 1997  
HRH Anne, Princess Royal b. 1950 2000  
David Clive Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn b. 1935 2000  

Twenty-First Century

Stewart Ross Sutherland, Baron Sutherland of Houndwood b. 1941 2002  
William Eric Kinloch Anderson b. 1936 2002  
David Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood b. 1938 2004  
George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen b. 1946 2004  
William Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirk b. 1935 2007  
Garth Morrison b. 1943 2007  

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