Border protection (customs) officers work in airports, ports and freight terminals to collect customs duty and prevent smuggling and illegal trade. Their duties include:
Excise officers or VAT assurance officers, make sure that businesses pay the right amount of excise duty and/or VAT, by:
They occasionally attend court as witnesses, and work closely with other agencies like the police and the Home Office.
In the United States, a customs officer is a Federal law enforcement officer working to enforce customs laws as well as over 400 laws for all Federal Agencies. Customs Officers enforce these laws on every person or thing that enters or leaves U.S. some include; detecting and confiscating contraband, making sure that import duties are paid, and preventing those without legal authorization to do so from entering the Untied States. In the past, the United States, customs officers were part of the Department of Treasury and were the oldest Law Enforcement Agency in the U.S. dating back to 1789. U.S. Customs (CBP) is the 2nd highest revenue collector in the United States though fines , collection of duties, and illegal money seized, only the IRS collects more money for the Federal Government. Every day U.S. Customs arrests 135 suspects of different crimes, seizes 2,313 pounds of narcotics, confiscate 196 firearms, intercept 210 fraudulent documents, prevents 54 criminal aliens from entering the U.S., and arrests 1 suspected terrorist. Customs Officers hold the most authority of any Law Enforcement agency. They need no probable cause to search, detain, or seize anything or any person. Today customs officers work for the Department of Homeland Security with-in the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Customs Officers are at every international Airport, Seaport, and all land border crossings.
Hong Kong is one of the busiest container ports in the world. It handled 20.4 million TEUs (20-foot equivalent units) in 2003. Of these, 12.1 million TEUs were handled at the Kwai Chung Container Terminal. In 2003, 70 910 ocean-going ships and 365 190 coastal vessels entered and left Hong Kong.
Ships and vessels are subject to customs check. Cargoes are either examined on board sea freighters or after off-loading.
In 2003, a total of 8.6 million passengers arrived in Hong Kong from the Mainland and Macau by sea and by helicopters. They were processed at the China Ferry Terminal in Tsim Sha Tsui and the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal in Central. In addition, a daily average of 49 helicopter flights between Hong Kong and Macau are operated at the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal. Four Customs launches conduct maritime patrol in the territorial waters round the clock whereas four high-speed pursuit crafts and two shallow water patrol launches are employed to carry out interception at sea. The C&ED is an active member of the World Customs Organization (WCO) and Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). It exchanges intelligence and works closely with overseas customs administrations and law enforcement agencies. The department has also entered bilateral Cooperative Arrangements with other customs authorities on administrative assistance. At the working level, the department and the Mainland customs have each established designated liaison officers to facilitate the exchange of intelligence through direct telephone hotlines.