In the early Latter Day Saint movement of the 1800s, it was practiced much as recorded in the New Testament, but later fell out of use. Other Christian groups and organizations typically do not see this as a practice that should be followed, or as something not to be taken literally.
In 1831, a revelation clarified that when leaving a cursing upon a person in this way, the shaking of dust and washing of feet should be performed "not in their presence, lest thou provoke them, but in secret." .
On January 25, 1832, one of Smith's revelations directed several missionaries to use the practice, and indicated that when performed against a house, the missionaries:
After referring again to the practice in an August 29, 1832 revelation , Smith gave his final revelation on the subject on September 22-23, 1832. This revelation, directed to the those ordained to the newly established high priesthood, indicating that when a person does not receive a traveling high priest, or give them food, clothing, or money, they should
|June 30, 1830||Samuel Smith washed his feet against an inkeeper who refused to board him after he mentioned the Book of Mormon, while proselytizing in Livonia, New York .|
|June 16, 1831||Early missionaries Hyrum Smith, Lyman Wight, John Corrill, and John Murdock washed their feet against Detroit, Michigan after a day of unsuccessful proselytizing|
|September 9, 1831||Hyrum Smith washed his feet against an angry Christian minister .|
|November 18, 1831||William E. McLellin and Samuel Smith washed their feet against a Campbellite congregation, after they had given them time during a meeting but rejected their testimony .|
|February 16, 1832||William McLellin and Luke S. Johnson wash their feet against Hubbard, Ohio .|
|March 1, 16, 18, and June 1, 1832||Act performed by Samuel Smith against those who do not accept his message.|
|March, September 16, October 23, 1832||Orson Hyde routinely either blessed houses or shook the dust off his feet to "seal" them up to the "day of wrath". On September 16, after a tearful meeting with his sister and brother-in-law, he reluctantly shook the dust against them.|
|February 18, 1833||Orson Pratt washed his hands and feet as a testimony against the current "wicked generation", as a requirement for admission to the School of the Prophets.|
|May 7, June 7, 1835||William McLellin shook the dust against Sinclairville, New York after only one old lady attended a scheduled meeting at the local schoolhouse, which was locked . McLellin and David W. Patten shook the dust against Wolcott, New York when they passed the plate after a two hour sermon to nonbelievers but received no donations .|
|July 11, 1835||William McLellin, Brigham Young, and Thomas B. Marsh shook the dust against an inkeeper who became abusive after they asked for free breakfast .|
|May 22, 1836||Wilford Woodruff, David Patten, and Benjamin Boydstun wash their hands and feet against people who threatened them and rejected their testimony. They "delivered them unto the hands of God and the destroyer".|
|May 24, 1836, July 11, 1837, September 30, 1837||Wilford Woodruff and other missionaries wash their feet against various Christian ministers in New England who reject their message, and against the town of Collinsville, Connecticut.|
To ceremonially shake the dust from one's feet as a testimony against another was understood by the Jews to symbolize a cessation of fellowship and a renunciation of all responsibility for consequences that might follow. It became an ordinance of accusation and testimony by the Lord's instructions to His apostles as cited in the text [of the New Testament]. In the current dispensation, the Lord has similarly directed His authorized servants to so testify against those who wilfully and maliciously oppose the truth when authoritatively presented (see Doctine and Covenants 24:15; 60:15; 75:20; 84:92; 99:4). The responsibility of testifying before the Lord by this accusing symbol is so great that the means may be employed only under unusual and extreme conditions, as the Spirit of the Lord may direct
Since the early 20th century, the practice has been rare. Nevertheless, there have been further doctrinal development by LDS leaders and scholars. According to J. Reuben Clark, a mid-century member of the First Presidency, the ritual of shaking the dust off one's feet is a manifestation of a priesthood holder's "power to determine whether sins should be forgiven, or retained
In a rebuke for claims that Christians have persecuted the Jews, Martin Luther said "let us follow the advice of Christ and shake the dust from our shoes, and say, 'We are innocent of your blood.'