Oberlin

Oberlin

[Fr. aw-ber-lan]
Oberlin, Jean Frédéric, 1740-1826, Alsatian Lutheran clergyman. He was appointed in 1767 to a pastorate in Ban-de-la-Roche, Bas-Rhin dept., France. Oberlin improved the district by introducing cotton manufacture, new agricultural methods, and good roads and by founding a savings bank, a model orphanage, and five schools. Oberlin College, Ohio, was named for him.

See biography by M. Dawson (1934).

Private liberal arts college in Oberlin, Ohio. Founded in 1833, it was the first U.S. college to admit women and the first to admit black students on an equal footing with whites. In its early years it was a station on the Underground Railroad. It has faculties of arts, communications, foreign languages, law, letters, mathematics, psychology, public service, science, and social sciences, as well as a music conservatory.

Learn more about Oberlin College with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Oberlin is a city in Decatur County, Kansas, United States. The population was 1,994 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Decatur County.

Geography

Oberlin is located at (39.821235, -100.528369).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (5.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,994 people, 879 households, and 550 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,039.7 people per square mile (401.0/km²). There were 1,048 housing units at an average density of 546.5/sq mi (210.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.79% White, 0.25% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 879 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 29.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,816, and the median income for a family was $34,583. Males had a median income of $27,177 versus $16,488 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,271. About 5.0% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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