Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era
is a compilation album
of American and British pop and rock songs from the mid- to late 1960s
, assembled by Jac Holzman
, founder of Elektra Records
. Assisting him was Lenny Kaye
, who later became the guitarist for the Patti Smith
Group. Together, the two men assembled a 2-LP
set. The album was originally released by Elektra Records in 1972
, and reissued, with a new cover design, in 1976
by Sire Records
. The liner notes, penned by Lenny Kaye and containing one of the first uses of the term "punk rock
", gave a brief biography of each band.
The stripped-down music of groups like the 13th Floor Elevators
, the Electric Prunes
, the Blues Magoos
and the Chocolate Watchband
resonated with budding musicians of the 1970s. Many credit the influence of these groups on the punk
movement that was to later explode in both the UK and the United States. Jon Savage
, in his history of the UK punk movement England's Dreaming
, cites Nuggets
as a major influence, and includes it in his essential punk discography, alongside Iggy
and The Stooges
' Raw Power
Nuggets gained credence with rock music critics, although it took quite a while for the compilation to be issued on CD. Many labels marketed some of the songs on the original LP in compilation discs like Rhino Records' Nuggets series and the Pebbles series, but none of them ever compiled the original LP, with the exact same songs in the original sequence.
It wasn't until 1998 that Rhino brought the original LP to CD, keeping the original song sequence and liner notes intact. However, rather than releasing a single-disc release of the original LP, Rhino put the original disc in a box set with three other discs, an extra 91 songs in total that were not on the original LP. Contrary to popular belief, many of the songs were actually American Top 40 hits: more than a third of the original Nuggets would fall into that category, while Rhino's expanded set featured such smash hits as "Incense and Peppermints" by Strawberry Alarm Clock (#1), "Louie, Louie" by The Kingsmen (#2), "Wooly Bully" by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#2), "Little Bit O'Soul" by The Music Explosion (#2), and "Time Won't Let Me" by The Outsiders (#5).
The box set was successful enough that in 2001, Rhino released another four-disc box set, called Nuggets II: Original Artyfacts from the British Empire and Beyond, 1964-1969. While the original Nuggets LP and the first box set concentrated on the American scene, the second Nuggets box shifted its focus to the rest of the world, collecting cuts from the United Kingdom (such as the Pretty Things and Small Faces), Japan (The Mops), Iceland (Thor's Hammer) and Brazil (Os Mutantes).
In 2004, Rhino revived the Nuggets name once again for two new compilations, Hallucinations: Psychedelic Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults and Come to the Sunshine: Soft Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults. Both discs were released through Rhino's internet-only label Rhino Handmade in strictly limited pressings of 7500 each.
Rhino also released a third four-disc set, Children of Nuggets: Original Artyfacts From The Second Psychedelic Era, 1976-1995, in late 2005. Artists appearing in this set include The Dukes of Stratosphear, the Soft Boys, the Cramps, Dream Syndicate, the La's, Primal Scream, Teenage Fanclub, the Bangles, the Posies, Inspiral Carpets, Hoodoo Gurus, The Fleshtones, Flamin' Groovies, The Church, Julian Cope, the Smithereens, the Plimsouls, the dB's, the Aardvarks and That Petrol Emotion.
In 2006 in Europe, Rhino finally released a remastered version of the original album on a single compact disc in a miniaturized replica of the original gatefold sleeve.
Many other compilation albums took their cue from Nuggets, including Pebbles (mentioned above), Rubble - 20 volumes of mainly UK psychedelia released in the 1980s - and the Back From the Grave series. In retrospect, it can be seen that this record eventually spawned an entire cottage industry of small record labels dedicated to unearthing and releasing obscure but worthy rock music from the 1960s. The advent of the compact disc only made archiving and distributing such forgotten recordings easier than before and new compilations of this type continue to be released.
Original double album
- The Electric Prunes: "I Had Too Much to Dream (Last Night)" (Annette Tucker, Nancie Mantz) – 3:02 (#11)
- The Standells: "Dirty Water" (Ed Cobb) – 2:50 (#11)
- The Strangeloves: "Night Time" (Bob Feldman, Jerry Goldstein, Richard Gottehrer)– 2:35 (#30)
- The Knickerbockers: "Lies" (Beau Charles, Buddy Randell) – 2:46 (#20)
- The Vagrants: "Respect" (Otis Redding) – 2:17
- Mouse: "A Public Execution" (Knox Henderson, Ronnie Weiss) – 3:02
- The Blues Project: "No Time Like the Right Time" (Al Kooper) – 2:49 (#96)
- The Shadows of Knight: "Oh Yeah" (Ellas McDaniel) – 2:51 (#39)
- The Seeds: "Pushin' Too Hard" (Richard Marsh) – 2:39 (#36)
- The Barbarians: "Moulty" (Barbara Baer, Douglas Morris, Eliot Greenberg, Robert Schwartz) – 2:37 (#90)
- The Remains: "Don't Look Back" (William McCord) – 2:45
- The Magicians: "An Invitation to Cry" (Alan Gordon, James Woods) – 2:59
- The Castaways: "Liar, Liar" (Dennis Craswell, Jim Donna) – 1:56 (#12)
- The 13th Floor Elevators: "You're Gonna Miss Me" (Roky Erickson) – 2:31 (#55)
- Count Five: "Psychotic Reaction" (Craig Atkinson, John Byrne, John Michalski, Kenn Ellner, Roy Chaney) – 3:09 (#5)
- The Leaves: "Hey Joe" (Billy Roberts) – 2:53 (#31)
- Michael and the Messengers: "Romeo & Juliet" (Bob Hamilton, Fred Gorman) – 2:02
- The Cryan' Shames: "Sugar and Spice" (Fred Nightingale) – 2:33 (#49)
- The Amboy Dukes: "Baby Please Don't Go" (Big Joe Williams) – 5:41
- Blues Magoos: "Tobacco Road" (John D. Loudermilk) – 4:44
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Let's Talk About Girls" (Manny Freiser) – 2:45
- The Mojo Men: "Sit Down, I Think I Love You" (Stephen Stills) – 2:25 (#36)
- The Third Rail: "Run, Run, Run" (Arthur Resnick, Joey Levine, Kris Resnick) – 1:57 (#53)
- Sagittarius: "My World Fell Down" (Geoff Stephens, John Shakespeare) – 3:52 (#70)
- Nazz: "Open My Eyes" (Todd Rundgren) – 2:47 (#112)
- The Premiers: "Farmer John" (Dewey Terry, Don Harris) – 2:29 (#19)
- The Magic Mushrooms: "It's-a-Happening" (David Rice, Sonny Casella) – 2:47 (#93)
1998 CD reissue
*Same tracks in same order as original double album.
- The Music Machine: "Talk Talk" (#15)
- The Del-Vetts: "Last Time Around"
- The Human Beinz: "Nobody but Me" (#8)
- Kenny & the Kasuals: "Journey to Tyme"
- The Sparkles: "No Friend of Mine"
- The Turtles: "Outside Chance"
- The Litter: "Action Woman"
- The Elastik Band: "Spazz"
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Sweet Young Thing"
- Strawberry Alarm Clock: "Incense and Peppermints" (#1)
- The Brogues: "I Ain't No Miracle Worker"
- Love: "7 and 7 Is" (#33)
- The Outsiders: "Time Won't Let Me" (#5)
- The Squires: "Going All the Way"
- The Shadows of Knight: "I'm Gonna Make You Mine" (#90)
- Kim Fowley: "The Trip"
- The Seeds: "Can't Seem to Make You Mine" (#41)
- The Remains: "Why Do I Cry"
- The Beau Brummels: "Laugh, Laugh" (#15)
- The Nightcrawlers: "The Little Black Egg" (#85)
- The Gants: "I Wonder"
- The Five Americans: "I See the Light" (#26)
- The Woolies: "Who Do You Love" (#95)
- Swingin' Medallions: "Double Shot (Of My Baby's Love)" (#17)
- The Merry-Go-Round: "Live" (#63)
- Paul Revere & the Raiders: "Steppin' Out" (#46)
- Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band: "Diddy Wah Diddy"
- The Sonics: "Strychnine"
- Syndicate of Sound: "Little Girl" (#8)
- Blues Magoos: "(We Ain't Got) Nothin' Yet" (#5)
- Max Frost and the Troopers: "Shape of Things to Come" (#22)
- The Hombres: "Let It Out (Let It All Hang Out)" (#12)
- The Golliwogs: "Fight Fire"
- New Colony Six: "At the River's Edge"
- The Daily Flash: "Jack of Diamonds"
- Lyme & Cybelle: "Follow Me" (#65)
- The Choir: "It's Cold Outside" (#68)
- The Rare Breed: "Beg, Borrow and Steal"
- Sir Douglas Quintet: "She's About a Mover" (#13)
- The Music Explosion: "Little Bit o' Soul" (#2)
- The "E" Types: "Put the Clock Back on the Wall"
- The Palace Guard: "Falling Sugar"
- The Gestures: "Run, Run, Run"
- The Rationals: "I Need You"
- The Humane Society: "Knock, Knock"
- The Groupies: "Primitive"
- The Sonics: "Psycho"
- The Lyrics: "So What!!"
- The Lollipop Shoppe: "You Must Be a Witch"
- The Balloon Farm: "A Question of Temperature" (#37)
- Mouse and the Traps: "Maid of Sugar - Maid of Spice"
- The Uniques: "You Ain't Tuff"
- The Standells: "Sometimes Good Guys Don't Wear White" (#43)
- The Mojo Men: "She's My Baby"
- Unrelated Segments: "Story of My Life"
- The Third Bardo: "I'm Five Years Ahead of My Time"
- We the People: "Mirror of Your Mind"
- The Shadows of Knight: "Bad Little Woman" (#91)
- The Music Machine: "Double Yellow Line"
- The Human Expression: "Optical Sound"
- The Amboy Dukes: "Journey to the Center of the Mind" (#16)
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Are You Gonna Be There (At the Love-In)"
- The Leaves: "Too Many People"
- The Brigands: "(Would I Still Be) Her Big Man"
- The Barbarians: "Are You a Boy or Are You a Girl" (#55)
- Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs: "Wooly Bully" (#2)
- The Strangeloves: "I Want Candy" (#11)
- The Kingsmen: "Louie Louie" (#2)
- The Knickerbockers: "One Track Mind" (#46)
- The Wailers: "Out of Our Tree"
- Harbinger Complex: "I Think I'm Down"
- The Dovers: "What Am I Going to Do"
- The Charlatans: "Codine"
- The Mystery Trend: "Johnny Was a Good Boy"
- Clefs of Lavender Hill: "Stop - Get a Ticket" (#80)
- The Monks: "Complication"
- The Sonics: "The Witch"
- The Electric Prunes: "Get Me to the World on Time" (#27)
- The Other Half: "Mr. Pharmacist"
- Richard & the Young Lions: "Open Up Your Door" (#99)
- Paul Revere & the Raiders: "Just Like Me" (#11)
- We the People: "You Burn Me Up and Down"
- The Lemon Drops: "I Live in the Springtime"
- Fenwyck: "Mindrocker"
- The Rumors: "Hold Me Now"
- The Underdogs: "Love's Gone Bad"
- The Standells: "Why Pick on Me" (#54)
- The Zakary Thaks: "Bad Girl"
- GONN: "Blackout of Gretely"
- The Bees: "Voices Green and Purple"
- Davie Allan & the Arrows: "Blues' Theme" (#37)