Definitions

northern rhodesian

Northern Rhodesian African National Congress

Northern Rhodesian African National Congress was a political party in Zambia. Formed in 1948, as the Northern Rhodesian Congress, it was the first African political party in the country. NRC had its roots in the Federation of Welfare Societies.

In 1951 the party adopted the name 'Northern Rhodesian African National Congress' under the presidency of Harry Nkumbula. It was linked to the African National Congress in South Africa. In 1953 Kenneth Kaunda became the general secretary of the organization.

In 1958 the party was divided on whether to participate in the legislative elections, in which only a minority of the black population was allowed to vote. The more radical Kaunda broke away, and formed the Zambian African National Congress.

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