Northborough is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The official spelling of the town's name is "Northborough", but the shorter spelling "Northboro" is also used. The population was 14,013 at the 2000 census.
For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Northborough, please see the article Northborough (CDP), Massachusetts.
Northborough was first settled in 1672. On January 24, 1766, the district of Northborough was established within neighboring Westborough. On August 23, 1775, the district became a town, and on June 20, 1807 part of neighboring Marlborough was annexed to Northborough.
The first Meeting House was established in 1746, with the legal governor of the town being called the Town Minister. The first Town Minister was Reverend John Martyn.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.8 square miles
), of which, 18.5 square miles (48.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.17% water.
Northborough is located in Central Massachusetts, bordered by:
- Southborough is located to the southeast. The border, however, is only 500 yards long and is in the woods with no accessible trail.
- Marlborough is located to the north of Southborough and due east of Northborough. The most accessible way to enter Marlborough from Northborough is through Route 20
- Berlin is located to the North of Northborough.
- Boylston is located to the Northwest; I-290 splits Northborough from Boylston.
- Shrewsbury is located to the west, and is the town that separates Northborough from Worcester. Shrewsbury is accessible via Route 20 or Route 9.
- Westborough is located to the South of Northborough, and is accessible via Route 9.
Out of the 6 towns that make up the borders or Northborough, and including Northborough as the 7th, Northborough is the 4th largest town by population.
As of the census of 2000
, there were 14,013 people, 4,906 households, and 3,865 families residing in the town. The population density
was 756.1 people per square mile (292.0/km²). There were 5,002 housing units at an average density of 269.9/sq mi (104.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.01% White
, 0.65% Black
or African American
, 0.08% Native American
, 5.05% Asian
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 0.36% from other races
, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.28% of the population.
There were 4,906 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $79,781, and the median income for a family was $90,480. Males had a median income of $65,437 versus $41,042 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,889. About 1.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
Northborough has many schools, public and private. It is home to four public elementary schools serving grades preK-5: Lincoln Street School, Margaret E. Peaslee School, Fannie E. Proctor School, and Marion E. Zeh school. Private schools include The Cornerstone Academy, Alhuda Academy and St. Bernadette's. The middle school for students in grades 6-8 is the Robert E. Melican Middle School. All of the public schools in Northborough are part of the Northborough-Southborough School District. The public high school serving Northborough is Algonquin Regional High School
, shared with Southborough
. Debates have erupted over whether Northborough and Southborough should have separate high schools; however, citizens of both Northborough and Southborough successfully fought to keep the school regionalized. Assabet Valley Regional Technical Vocational High School is a choice school for Northborough students, though the majority of students attend Algonquin. Other Northborough students attend private high schools in Southborough, Shrewsbury or Worcester.
For information on Algonquin Regional High School athletics, see: Algonquin Regional High School