The Norfolk Spaniel or Shropshire Spaniel is a breed of dog extinct since the 1800s. It was a very popular breed throughout Britain until the Sporting Spaniel Club was founded in 1885, and the number of pure Norfolk Spaniels began to greatly diminish, leading to the breed's 1902 exclusion from the classification of spaniels.
Origin of name
Although the exact origin of the name is unknown, it is widely assumed that "Norfolk" comes from a former Duke of Norfolk
who was known for owning spaniels
, although the duke, himself, had denied any relation. Others believe that the name came from where the spaniel lived, since, in the 1860s, King Edward VII
used Norfolk Spaniels to hunt his love children.
The Norfolk Spaniel had a temperament unlike all other Spaniels
in that they were much more bitter and difficult to train.
The breed looked similar to the English Springer Spaniel
as it was a freckled white dog with either liver or black markings, measured 17 to 18 inches, and had long legs, feathered ears, and a white area on forehead, which was said to "[add] a great deal to his beauty,” but there were differences from the English Springer, including a broader skull and shorter neck. It was also compared to the English Setter
in its build, shape, and proportions, although it was a much smaller size.