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Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964, American mathematician, educator, and founder of the field of cybernetics, b. Columbia, Mo., grad. Tufts College, 1909, Ph.D. Harvard, 1913. In 1920 he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he became (1932) professor of mathematics. He made significant contributions to a number of areas of mathematics including harmonic analysis and Fourier transforms, but is best known for his theory of cybernetics, the comparative study of control and communication in humans and machines. He also made significant contributions to the development of computers and calculators. Wiener recounted his youth and training in the autobiographical *Ex-Prodigy* (1953). He described his mature years and scientific career in *I Am a Mathematician* (1956). His other writings include *The Human Use of Human Beings* (1950), *Nonlinear Problems in Random Theory* (1958), and *Cybernetics* (1948, rev. ed. 1961).

See F. Conway and J. Siegelman, *Dark Hero of the Information Age* (2004).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright © 2004.

Licensed from Columbia University Press

Licensed from Columbia University Press

Norbert Wiener.

Learn more about Wiener, Norbert with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Norbert Wiener.

Learn more about Wiener, Norbert with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

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Last updated on Monday May 05, 2008 at 20:35:47 PDT (GMT -0700)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Last updated on Monday May 05, 2008 at 20:35:47 PDT (GMT -0700)

View this article at Wikipedia.org - Edit this article at Wikipedia.org - Donate to the Wikimedia Foundation

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