is a town
and a municipal corporation
in Nizamabad District
in the Telangana
region of the state
of Andhra Pradesh
. It is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 366,956 agglomeration
(390,325 per 2006 census). Nizamabad is one of 36 mandals in the Nizamabad district.
Nizamabad was formerly known as Indur and Indrapuri. It was ruled by the king Indra Vallabha Panthya Varsha Indra Som, of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty
, in the 8th century, and took its name from him. In 1905 the railway line between Secundrabad and Manmad was constructed. The railway station was named after then ruler of the Nizam
as Nizamabad. The railway
line connects Hyderabad
. It is like North-South corridor. Has the distance of from Hyderabad and from Mumbai.
The Nizam Sagar dam was constructed in the year 1923 across the Manjira River at the village of Achampet. It irrigates of land in Nizamabad district.
Nizamabad is in the north of Andhra Pradesh in the district of Nizamabad. It has different towns like Bodhan, Armur, Kamareddy and Banswada, In Bhodan town there is Nizam Sugar Factory. In early years it was the biggest in the Asia continent. Bodhan is a town with a mixture of people from many cultural and religious backgrounds. There is a largely visible community of Muslims as well as Christians and other religious communities. Once it was the capital of Nizamabad at the time of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty.
Recently Telangana University was established at Nizamabad, which serves the three districts of Adilabad, Medak and Nizamabad.
Nizamabad is located at . It has an average elevation of . Climate
Wet and Dry with most rainfall from June to October.
As of 2001 India census
, Nizamabad had a population of 286,956. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nizamabad has an average literacy
rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 55%. In Nizamabad, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Places of interest
- Lake Asok Sagar has a neatly laid out garden, and a statue of Goddess Saraswati in the middle of the lake, just away from Nizamabad on the way to Basar. There is a swinging bridge and an octagonal shaped restaurant. It is interesting to note that the lake and its facilities are named as Asok Sagar, to honor one Collector, Asok Kumar, who had developed this. Ali Sagar is a lake with a hill top view. The famous Basar Saraswati Temple is located from here. Basar temple is the only other Saraswati Temple in south India.
- Archaeological and Heritage Museum - This museum was opened in October 2001. The District Archaeological Museum houses number of artifacts and antiquities representing the evolution of human civilisation right from Paleolithic to Vijaya Nagar Times (i.e. 16th A.D). The Museum is broadly divided into three sections, namely Archaeological Section, Sculptural gallery and Bronze and Decorative gallery. Bidri articles and arms and weapons of extensive variety are also exhibited.
- Quilla Ramalayam - Originally known as Indoor or Indrapuri, the city and fort were built by the Rashtrakutas. There is a high monolithic victory pillar built during the Rashtrakuta reign. The fort was occupied by Alauddin Khilji in 1311 A.D. and subsequently went into the hands of the Bahmani Sultanate, the Qutb Shahi dynasty, and then the Asaf Jahi dynasty. The present fort has a wide area encircled by masonry walls along with huge bastions at the corners. This 10th Century fort of the Rashtrakutas has continued to be of strategic importance right down to the Asaf Jahis. The present fort reflects the Asaf Jahi style of architecture with spacious halls and a summer house. Adding importance to the fort is the Bada Rammandir Temple, built by Samarth Ram Das, the guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji. The fort offers a panoramic view of the Nizamabad city and its surroundings.
- rudrur-this village has a rice and sugercane research center. It is working from nearly 50 years. and recently started agricultur pollytechnich college hare.
- Mallaram Forest - Mallaram Forest is just away from Nizamabad. Ensconced in Sylvan surroundings it is the perfect place for eco-tourism. Forest treks, a pagoda and a view point tower are main attractions.
- Alisagar - Alisagar is from Nizamabad and off the Nizamabad-Basar road. The forest spread along with the summer house, well laid out gardens, an island and hilltop guest house make it a favoured getaway. Adding to the attraction is the deer park and facilities for trekking and water sports.
- Rock formations-Armoor Road - Located on the highway, Armoor is a natural stopover for all traffic. The hillock of boulders is the result of natural weathering over millions of years. On top of hillock is the Navanatha Siddeswara temple. The local people believe that Navanathas or Siddhas, venerable sages, still live in the natural caves and caverns of these hillocks. The water spot nearby area has been drawing people in large numbers for it is believed that the water has curative powers, healing chronic diseases and disabilities.
- Domakonda Fort - Domakonda is off the main highway and from Kamareddy. Domakonda was a Samsthanam under Qutubshahis and Asaf Jahis. The Reddy rulers of Domakonda Samsthanam built the fort in the 18th century at a sight where a fort existed earlier. The entrance to the fort has an arched gateway reflecting Asaf Jahis influence. The fort has bastions both square as well as circular, built at irregular intervals. Inside the fort are two palaces and a temple complex. The temple dedicated to Shiva was built on stellate plan, imitating the Kakatiya style of architecture. This fort is an example of the defence architecture of the princely states of Telangana.
- Telangana University - started in Nizamabad city at Giriraj College,Dubba, Nizamabad and makeship office and classes have going in and the permanent site is coming near Dichpalli Highway from year 2006 to 2007. Nizamabad has become corporation in 2005.
- Limbadri Gutta (Hills) - Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple is located on the Linbadri Hill located in a Serene atmosphere. The spot is 5 km away form Bheemgal town and 55 km from Nizamabad. Every year a carnival is held from Kartika Sudda Thadiya to Trayodasi.
- Bada Pahad - People pay homage to Dargah of Syed Sadullah Hussaini located on the hills between Varni & Chandur. This is also a jathara spot.
- Bichkunda - "Shivaratri Festival" day, every year, the famous Basawa Lingappa Swamy fair takes place in Bichkunda, attracts several devotees not only from Andhra Pradesh but also from the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka.
- Sarangapur - About from Nizamabad city, there is a large Hanuman Temple at Sarangapur, considered a holy shrine in the district. The saint Samartha Ramadas, the Guru of Chatrapati Shivaji had laid the foundation for the temple about 452 years ago. With easy accessibility, and availability of electricity, protected water supply, dharmasala, garden, children's park etc., the place attracts a considerable number of pilgrims every day.
- Kanteshwar - In Nizamabad in a locality called, Kanteshwar an ancient temple of Lord Shiva "Neela Kanteshwar" attracts a large number of devotees in the district. This temple was constructed by the Satavahana king, Satakarni-II for the Jains. The structure resembles the North Indian Architectural style. The festival of Rathasapthami is an annual event celebrated on a grand scale in this temple.
- Madhavnagar - The Sai Baba temple constructed many years ago, has been developed to include a dharmashala, protected water supply, garden etc.
Nizamabad is one of nine assembly constituencies
in Nizamabad district. The others are Kamareddy, Bodhan, Yellareddy, Armoor, Balkonda, Jukkal, Banswada and Dichpalli.
Manjeera River runs through the district by covering, Nizamsagar, Banswada, Birkur
, Pothangal, Kandukurthi and all the way Pochampadu/godavari
The nearest airports
are at Hyderabad
. Nizamabad is connected by rail to Hyderabad and Mumbai section, station code NZB.
Nizamabad is well connected by road ways and has volvo service to Hyderabad and Mumbai. Bus service is one of the important methods of transportation in Nizamabad. Nizamabad is near the National Highway No. 7, which goes from Kanyakumari in the south to Varanasi in north India, and the new North South Corridor of NHDP. National Highway No. 16 starts from Nizamabad and passes through Karimnagar to Jagadalpur in the state of Chhattisgarh.
(Station Code : NZB
) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad(HYB) Division of South Central Railway(SCR). Nizamabad has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda(HYB). Ajanta Express between Kachiguda and Manmad is the most prestigious train passing through this station. Earlier there used to ply Ellora Express exclusively between Manmad and Nizamabad. This train has been cancelled during Gauge Conversion Process.