Ningxia (Postal map spelling: Ningsia), full name Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is a Hui autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located on the northwest Loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. The capital of the region is Yinchuan.
It then came under Mongol domination after Genghis Khan conquered Yinchuan in the early thirteenth century. After the Mongols departed and its influences faded, some Turkic-speaking Muslims also began moving into Ningxia from the west. In the Muslim Rebellion of the 19th century, during which Qing authorities decimated Chinese Muslim populations by killing upwards of twelve million Muslims throughout China.
In 1914, Ningxia was merged with the province of Gansu; in 1928, however, it was detached and became a province. Between 1914 and 1928, the Xibei San Ma brothers (literally "three Mas of the northwest") ruled the provinces of Qinghai, Ningxia and Gansu. In 1958, Ningxia formally became an autonomous region of China. In 1969, Ningxia's border was extended to the north and acquired parts of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, but was reverted again in 1979.
Rivers that flow through Ningxia include the Yellow River.
On 16 December 1920, the Haiyuan earthquake, 8.6 magnitude, at , initiated a series of landslides that killed an estimated 200,000 people. Over 600 large loess landslides created more than 40 new lakes.
In 2006, satellite images indicated that a 700 by 200-meter fenced area within Ningxia—5 km southwest of Yinchuan, near the remote village of Huangyangtan—is a near-exact scaled-down reproduction of a 450 by 350-kilometer area of Aksai Chin bordering India, complete with mountains, valleys, lakes and hills. Its purpose is as yet unknown.
The Chairman of the Autonomous Region is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Ningxia. However, in the Autonomous Region's dual party-government governing system, the Chairman has less power than the Communist Party of China Ningxia Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Ningxia CPC Party Chief".
Ningxia is the principal region of China where wolfberries are grown.
Shenhua and Ningxia jointly establish energy group.(Shenhua Group and Ningxia Coal Group jointly establish Shenhua Ningxia Coal Group Co., Ltd.)(Brief Article)
Feb 06, 2006; Shenhua Group and ningxia Coal Group jointly established Shenhua ningxia Coal Group Co., Ltd. on January 18th,...
Lutianhua acquires 100% equity in Ningxia Jiemei.(Sichuan Lutianhua Company Ltd. acquires Ningxia Jiemei Fengyou Chemical Co.)
Sep 16, 2006; Sichuan Lutianhua Company Ltd. (Lutianhua, SZ: 000912) announced on September 1st, 2006 that it is expected to acquired 100%...
Ningxia: FSR on the third large chemical fertilizer project passes evaluation. (Newsdesk).(Ningxia GeoMaxima Fengyou Chemical Industrial Company Ltd. is being built as a joint venture)(Brief Article)
Dec 16, 2002; The expert team of China International Engineering Consultation Co. came to ningxia and made an evaluation to the ammonia...