erythroblastosis fetalis

or hemolytic disease of the newborn

Anemia in an infant, caused when a pregnant woman produces antibodies to an antigen in her fetus's red blood cells. An Rh-negative woman (see Rh blood-group system) with an Rh-positive fetus whose ABO blood group (see ABO blood-group system) matches hers is likely to have an immune reaction after the first such pregnancy, which sensitizes her when fetal red blood cells enter her bloodstream, usually during labour. If blood typing shows incompatibility, an anti-Rh antibody injection given to the mother after the birth can destroy the fetal red cells, thus preventing trouble in a future pregnancy. If amniocentesis detects products of blood destruction, Rh-negative blood transfusions to the fetus before birth or exchange transfusion after it may save the baby's life. ABO incompatibilities are more common but usually less severe.

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Newborn is a town in Newton County, Georgia, United States. The population was 520 at the 2000 census.


Newborn is located at (33.516980, -83.694572).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 520 people, 181 households, and 148 families residing in the town. The population density was 325.6 people per square mile (125.5/km²). There were 187 housing units at an average density of 117.1/sq mi (45.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.35% White, 25.58% African American, 0.96% Native American, 1.35% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.

There were 181 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.7% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,692, and the median income for a family was $39,000. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $24,904 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,210. About 7.9% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.


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