Sir Nevill Francis Mott (30 September, 1905 – 8 August, 1996), FRS, CH, was a British physicist. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1977 for his work on the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems. The award was shared with Philip W. Anderson and J. H. Van Vleck, who had pursued independent research.
In 1948 he became Henry Overton Wills Professor of Physics and Director of the Henry Herbert Wills Physical Laboratory at Bristol. In 1954 he was appointed Cavendish Professor of Physics at Cambridge, a post he held until 1971. Additionally he served as Master of Gonville and Caius College, 1959-1966.
Mott's accomplishments include explaining theoretically the effect of light on a photographic emulsion (see latent image) and outlining the transition of substances from metallic to nonmetallic states (Mott transition). The term Mott insulator is also named for him.
Mott was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1936. Mott served as president of the Physical Society in 1957. In the early 1960s he was chairman of the British Pugwash group. He was knighted in 1962. He continued to work until he was about ninety. He was made a Companion of Honour in 1995.
SIR NEVILL F. MOTT, 90, A GENIUS IN PHYSICS AND 1977 NOBEL WINNER BRITON AND COLLEAGUES CAME UP WITH THEORIES THAT LED TO COMPUTER MEMORY, OTHER MARVELS.(News/ National/ International)
Aug 11, 1996; Byline: Wolfgang Saxon The New York Times Sir Nevill Francis Mott, a British physicist whose spadework for a new branch of...