The length of the Neva is 74 km. 28 km of these are within the city boundaries of Saint Petersburg, while the rest are within Leningrad Oblast. It flows southwest from Lake Ladoga, reaches its southernmost point near its confluence with the Tosna River, and turns northwest into the Gulf of Finland. Average width is 400—600 m, maximum width: 1200 m. Average depth is 8-11 m, maximum depth: 24 m (it is in the middle part of the stream, not too far from Liteyny Bridge ). The Neva basin includes Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega, the two largest lakes in Europe, and spans a large area of Northwestern Russia and southern Finland.
The islands in the Neva delta formed by both natural armlets and artificial canals are occupied by the historical part of Saint Petersburg. The largest armlets are
The most significant canals and small rivers are
Among the notable islands are
The Neva has 26 tributaries. The major ones are:
During the 16th century the mouth of the Neva was the site of the Swedish fortress Nyen, and the inlet to the Ladoga of the Russian fortress Oreshek, later renamed Shlisselburg. The Nyen fortress was destroyed by Peter the Great, after that he founded the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1703. Standing on the Hare Island, the fortress is considered the first structure of present-day Saint Petersburg. It was also Peter who ordered construction of the Ladoga Canal linking the Neva with the Volkhov and the Svir Rivers several miles south of Lake Ladoga.
During Mid-Winter, the river becomes unnavigable due to freezing over.
VLADIMIR PUTIN EXAMINES BLUEPRINTS FOR THE ORLOVSKY TUNNEL UNDER THE NEVA RIVER WHILE ON A WORKING TRIP TO ST PETERSBURG.
Jul 07, 2011; MOSCOW, Russia -- The following information was released by the Government of the Russian Federation: During the project...
Vladimir Putin examines blueprints for the Orlovsky Tunnel under the Neva River while on a working trip to St Petersburg.
Jul 07, 2011; During the project presentation, it was explained that the underwater motorway would connect the Smolnaya and Sverdlovskaya...