The Negroni cocktail is made of 1 part gin, 1 part sweet vermouth, and 1 part bitter (normally Campari). It is considered an apéritif, or a pre-dinner cocktail intended to stimulate the appetite.
After the success of the cocktail, in 1919 the Negroni Family founded in Treviso, Italy a company named "Negroni Distillerie" (Negroni Distilleries) and created a product ready to use called "Antico Negroni 1919".
According to the most popular origin story, the Negroni was invented in Florence
in 1919, at Caffè Casoni. It was named for Count
Camillo Negroni, the man who invented it by asking a bartender
(Fosco Scarselli) to add gin to the Americano
, his favorite drink. The word Negroni
does not appear in English cocktail guides before 1947.
Variants of the Negroni also exist:
- A less authentic, but also less mouth-puckering, recipe is equal measures of gin, red vermouth and white vermouth.
- In the United States, the Negroni is often served "straight up" in a martini glass, with a dash of sparkling water and lemon, rather than orange zest.
- For a hot summer day, the Negroni can be stretched into a thirst quencher with soda (see Americano).
- the Negroni Sbagliato ("Wrong" Negroni), where spumante brut is substituted for the gin. It was invented at Bar Basso in Milan. Popular in Italy.
- the Negroski, where vodka is substituted for the gin. Popular in Italy.
- the Brunosky where the vodka is Grey Goose L'Orange and is served with a splash of Schweppes bitter lemon.
- A Sparkling Negroni is a Negroni served straight up in a martini glass with champagne or prosecco added. This is usually served with an orange twist.
- A Negroni Zimbabwe is a Negroni served with orange juice.
- Luca Picchi, Sulle tracce del conte. La vera storia del cocktail Negroni, edizioni Plan