needlepoint lace

Youghal lace

Youghal lace (or Point d'Irlande) is a needle lace inspired by Italian needle lace developed in Youghal, County Cork, Ireland.


Youghal lace was a top quality commercial product that ended with the First World War. Lace Making was taught in Youghal from 1845 by the Presentation Sisters. Mother Mary Ann Smith reverse-engineered some Italian lace to understand how it was made. She then taught the technique to local women and thus the school of lace began.


Among the finest pieces of lace made in Youghal was a train for Queen Mary worn on her visit to India in 1911 as its Empress. The skill of Lace Making is still retained in Youghal to this day. There is no written record of either the stitches or the general technique at the Convents themselves, but the puzzling obscurity is illuminated by a number of important survivals:

  1. A sampler of 43 stitches (in Kenmare Lace, similar to Youghal Lace), on display at the Kenmare Lace and Design Centre in Kenmare.
  2. A court train made for Queen Mary and worn by her at the Delhi Durbar of 1911.
  3. Two books of designs drawn in Chinese white on paper tinted beige, pink, azure, crimson or midnight blue.
  4. The Needlecraft Practical Journal no.106, published by William Briggs under the Penelope trademark, c1909.
  5. Two books of designs for needlepoint lace, hand-painted by the nuns of St Clares Convent in the late 19th century, on display at the Kenmare Lace and Design Centre, Kenmare.

In addition there are some surviving pieces from that era.


The designs in Kenmare are examples of lace designs. None of them were drawn in yaughal by the Presentation sisters there.

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