Definitions

Needham

Needham

[nee-duhm]
Needham, Joseph, 1900-1995, British biochemist, historian of science, and sinologist, b. London. He had a lifelong association with Cambridge, where he was educated (Ph.D. 1924), taught biochemistry (1924-66), served as master of Gonville and Caius College (1966-76), and founded and directed the Needham Research Institute (1976-90). An embryologist, he wrote such books as Chemical Embryology (3 vol., 1931) and A History of Embryology (1934). Fascinated with all things Chinese, he learned Mandarin and headed (1942-46) the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office in Chongqing, China. After World War II he served (1946-48) as UNESCO's director of natural sciences. Needham wrote more than a dozen books, but by far his greatest achievement is the monumental Science and Civilization in China (7 vol., 1954-), a study of the history of Chinese science and technology and their relation to China's culture and society that was complete through its sixth volume at his death.

See M. Goldsmith, Joseph Needham: 20th-Century Renaissance Man (1995); S. K. Mukherjee and A. Ghosh, ed., The Life and Works of Joseph Needham (1997); P. Y. Ho, Reminiscence of a Roving Scholar: Science, Humanities, and Joseph Needham (2005); S. Winchester, The Man Who Loved China (2008).

Needham, town (1990 pop. 27,557), Norfolk co., E Mass., a suburb of Boston; founded 1680, set off from Dedham and inc. 1711. Although largely residential, paper products, electronic equipment, software, and other items are manufactured there.
Needham is a town in Choctaw County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 97.

Geography

Needham is located at 31°59'10.817" North, 88°20'19.662" West (31.986338, -88.338795).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 97 people, 39 households, and 32 families residing in the town. The population density was 169.4 people per square mile (65.7/km²). There were 46 housing units at an average density of 80.3/sq mi (31.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.

There were 39 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.9% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $42,083. Males had a median income of $35,417 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,764. There were 12.1% of families and 11.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 11.1% of those over 64.

References

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