|Fuel||Gallon Gasoline Equivalent||BTUs/Unit|
|Gasoline (regular unleaded)||1 US gallon||114,100 BTU/gallon|
|Gasoline (10% MBTE)||1.02 US gallon||112,000 BTU/gallon|
|Diesel #2||0.88 US gallons||129,500 BTU/gallon|
|Biodiesel (B100)||0.96 US gallons||118,300 BTU/gallon|
|Bio Diesel (B20)||0.90 US gallons||127,250 BTU/gallon|
|Liquid natural gas (LNG)||1.52 US gallons||75,000 BTU/gallon|
|Compressed natural gas (CNG)||126.67 cu. ft||900 BTU/cu. ft|
|Compressed hydrogen||357.37 cu. ft||319 BTU/cu. ft|
|Liquid hydrogen||data needed||data needed|
|Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)||1.35 US gallons||84,300 BTU/gallon|
|Methanol fuel (M100)||2.01 US gallons||56,800 BTU/gallon|
|Ethanol fuel (E100)||1.500 US gallons||76,100 BTU/gallon|
|Ethanol (E85)||1.39 US gallons||81,800 BTU/gallon|
|Ethanol 10%||data needed||data needed|
|Jet fuel (naphtha)||0.97 US gallons||118,700 BTU/gal|
|Jet fuel (kerosene)||0.90 US gallons||128,100 BTU/gal|
|Electricity||33.56 Kilowatt hours||3,400 BTU/Kwh|
One GGE of CNG pressurized at 2,400 psi is 0.77 cubic feet. This volume of CNG at 2,400 psi has the same energy content as one US gallon of gasoline (based on lower heating values: 148,144 BTU/CF of CNG and 115,000 BTU/gallon of gasoline. Using Boyle's Law, the equivalent GGE at 3,600 psi is 0.51 cubic feet which corresponds to 14.5 liters or 3.82 actual US gallons.
The National Conference of Weights & Measurements (NCWM) has developed a standard unit of measurement for compressed natural gas, defined in the NIST Handbook 44 Appendix D as follows: "1 Gasoline [US] gallon equivalent (GGE) means 2.567 kg (5.660 lb) of natural gas.
Ethanol burns more slowly and at a lower temperature than gasoline. This makes it easier to extract the chemical energy stored inside it. While a gallon of gasoline has about 50% more energy than ethanol, cars that run on ethanol can get very similar mileage to gasoline powered vehicles when they are optimized to take advantage of ethanol's higher octane rating. This optimization involves increasing the engine's compression ratio from a normal of 9 or 10 to one, to as high as 16 to one. This involves significant and expensive refitting with different pistons (to reduce the combustion chamber size) and mechanical alterations to assure valve to piston clearance. When this optimization is completed, the engine is no longer suitable to operate on 100% gasoline, as the high compression ratio will cause severe knocking (which is very harmful to the engine).