German political party of National Socialism. Founded in 1919 as the German Workers' Party, it changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party when Adolf Hitler became leader (1920–21). The nickname Nazi was taken from the first word of its full name, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. The party grew from its home base in Bavaria and attracted members from disaffected elements throughout Germany. It organized strong-arm groups (later the SA) to protect its rallies. Though the failed Beer Hall Putsch diminished the party's influence, the effects of the Great Depression brought millions of new members, and in 1932 the party became the largest bloc in the Reichstag. After Hitler was named chancellor in 1933, he obtained passage of the Enabling Act, and his government declared the Nazi party to be the only political party in Germany and required bureaucrats to become members. The party controlled virtually all activities in Germany until Germany's defeat in World War II (1945), after which the party was banned.
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White first came to public attention in 1996 in a front page article in The Washington Post after posting allegations about the stepmother of a girl he said was being abused. He was in the news again in 1999 after expressing support for the teenage killers of 12 students and a teacher during the Columbine High School massacre. In 2005, The New York Times quoted him as having "laughed" when United States district court judge Joan Lefkow's husband and mother were murdered, because Lefkow had ruled against white supremacist Matthew Hale in a trademark dispute. He told The Roanoke Times that he looked forward to "further killings of Jews and their sympathizers."
White is a Holocaust denier, writing that "claims that ... the gas chambers were part of a 'Holocaust' of 'six million,' were invented almost entirely by the Soviet Union, and were later adopted by the Jewish communities of the Western nations."
According to Ryan O'Donnell of FrontPage Magazine White's website traffic in 2003 approached that of mainstream sites such as Rupert Murdoch's The Weekly Standard, though Overthrow's traffic rank and reach have dropped substantially since then.
After graduating in 1994, White studied psychology at the University of Maryland, College Park, where, in 1995, he started another political group called the Bill White Student Group (a continuation of the UAP), set up Overthrow.com as the group's website where he published material from a wide range of political viewpoints, including communism, anarchism, and fascism.
Also prominent in the Utopian Anarchist Party was Luke Kuhn. Kuhn and White were referred to in InformationWeek in 1998 as "[s]elf-styled anarchists, occasional neo Nazis, and erstwhile political office seekers William A. White and Luke Kuhn [who] have encouraged school pipe-bombings, threatening police, and aiding and abetting runaway teens. The pair's Anarchist News Service includes headlines such as 'Three Pigs Down in Connecticut Shootout'. Kuhn, however, is not a neo-Nazi, and is still a prominent activist in the Washington, DC area. When White began to change his politics, he broke away from Kuhn, who has written on the website for DC Indymedia how the website White currently authors once promoted anarchy before 2000, but has since veered to the far right.
In 1995, White faced criminal charges of possessing deadly weapons — a knife and a club — distributing obscene material, and attempting to escape from police custody, arising out of the distribution of political leaflets, though Montgomery County declined to prosecute the case. A 2002 article in The Gazette states that, in 1997, White served seven months in the Montgomery County Detention Center on weapons, assault and resisting arrest charges.
On February 14, 1996, White was featured in a front-page story in The Washington Post after posting on Internet news groups the name and telephone number of a woman he thought was abusing her daughter. The supposed victim had allegedly told a university counseling group that her parents would not allow her to use the telephone or see friends; someone from the group spread the story, and White posted it, asking readers to telephone the mother and "tell her you are disgusted and you demand that she stops." The Post reported that the mother and stepfather were near breaking point after receiving threatening telephone calls.
Reuters wrote that White's website had published that "schools and juvenile psychiatric centers ... prescribe anti-depressants are evil and should be destroyed, and it gives a list of "Music to Shoot Your School Up By." The report continued that "[t]here are so many parallels between the Web site's message and the April 20 massacre in Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, that some police hate-crime experts say privately it is not inconceivable that the two teen-age gunmen in that case visited the site." FBI officials told Reuters there was no indication that the website had any connection to the shooting.
White told Reuters that "the reason [the Columbine victims] got killed is that they are part of an authoritarian social movement and were seen by the killers as symbolic of that movement ... What the shooters were shooting at was not people but the movements they symbolized. It's a shame that authoritarian Christians, who are trying to dominate our society, don't have a clue how objectionable they are until people start shooting them." He said he would neither confirm nor deny that what he called a "Colorado cell" of his Utopian Anarchist Party had been in contact with the teenagers before the shooting.
White later clarified his position on Columbine in an interview with Jack Ross for Pravda:
In 2000, White joined Ross Perot's Reform Party and the campaign to elect Pat Buchanan, who was running for president on a Reform Party ticket. However, White later told American Free Press that he resigned from the Buchanan campaign after a few months out of concern for what he called the campaign's "dishonest practices."
White worked briefly as an unpaid columnist for the Russian website Pravda Online.
In late 2003, White moved to Roanoke, Virginia, where he began trading as White Homes and Land LLC. According to The Roanoke Times and the Southern Poverty Law Center, White has owned nine single and multi-family properties in an impoverished black neighborhood in South West Roanoke since April 2004.
White has told the Roanoke Times that he is not a racist or Nazi, describing himself as a "libertarian socialist," although he admits to being an antisemite: "I wouldn't be out here buying and fixing up houses if I had some agenda against the black community ... The Jews, I despise. They hate me. I hate them." He acknowledges having written of Roanoke residents that "the local nig-rats are already conspiring to test me."
In July 2006, White left the NSM and formed the American National Socialist Workers' Party (ANSWP). On April 19, 2007, two ANSWP members were arrested when they unveiled a swastika flag during a speech by President George W. Bush in Tipp City, Ohio. On May 23, 2007 White mailed letters and copies of National Socialist, the ANSWP magazine, to the residents of an apartment complex in Virginia Beach, Virginia where tenants had complained about discriminatory behavior by their landlord.
Al Sharpton has stated that some of the families have continuously received threatening and harassing phone calls. Many of the protesters wore t-shirts, chanted and held signs that called for the release of the Jena Six and all charges associated with the crime they committed.
Bill White's response to this is "nigger activists like Al Sharpton and Jesse Jackson intervened to demand he be given the "right" to assault white people." He goes on to say "Sharpton has previously defended nigger criminals in New York who have been killed by victims defending themselves, and Jesse Jackson is a former associate of Chicago's El Rukn gang who has ordered at least two political opponents killed and two Chicago newspaper reporters who criticized him assaulted."