was president of the Russky Golos
, or Russian Voice
Publishing Company, which published an anti-capitalist Russian-language newspaper during the Great Depression
and World War II
. Russky Golos
was funded by the Comintern
and by advertising, commercial newsstand and subscription
sales. Its editorial position was closely aligned with the Communist Party of the United States
(CPUSA). Bayer was allegedly part of a Soviet military intelligence (GRU
As president of Russky Golos, Bayer got to know John Hazard Reynolds, who provided financial support to a publication entitled Soviet Russia Today, and recommended him to Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) General Secretary Earl Browder.
In a July 1943 Venona project decryption sent by the New York GRU Rezident Pavel Mikhailov to Moscow, Bayer is credited with being describing a CPUSA source near President Franklin Roosevelt as a woman 'from an aristocratic family, who has known the President and his wife for a long time, evidently a secret member of the CPUSA.' The message included praise of Stalin's leadership and an allegation that Madame Chiang Kai-shek was "a narcotics addict." The GRU later identified the woman as Josephine Treslow.
The Report of the Subversive Activities Control Board found Theodore Bayer to be a high level and important member of the CPUSA.
Theodore Bayer cover name as assigend by the GRU and deciphered in Venona project transcripts is SIMON. Bayer is referenced in the following Venona project decryptions:
- United States. Subversive Activities Control Board. Reports of the Subversive Activities Control Board. Washington. United States Government Printing Office. 1966. Vol. 1, pgs. 492, 495, 497, 502, 503, 507, 509, 514, 516, 529, 530. "...told by the national secretary, Fairchild, that Bayer's word was law in respondent (CPUSA). "; "...gave evidence showing Theodore Bayer as an important member of the Communist Party, and we so find. "
- FBI interview with John Reynolds, 7 June 1947, FBI Silvermaster file, serial 2503.
- John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), pgs. 96–97, 189, 213–214, 233.