nance

John Nance Garner

[gahr-ner]

(born Nov. 22, 1868, Red River county, Texas, U.S.—died Nov. 7, 1967, Uvalde, Texas) U.S. politician. He practiced law before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1903–33), where he rose to become speaker in 1931. Adept at backstage maneuvering, he supported the graduated income tax and the Federal Reserve System. Elected vice president under Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936, he was a conservative in the New Deal administration; he broke with Roosevelt in his second term over Roosevelt's attempt to pack (enlarge) the U.S. Supreme Court. He retired to his Texas ranch in 1941.

Learn more about Garner, John Nance with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 22, 1868, Red River county, Texas, U.S.—died Nov. 7, 1967, Uvalde, Texas) U.S. politician. He practiced law before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1903–33), where he rose to become speaker in 1931. Adept at backstage maneuvering, he supported the graduated income tax and the Federal Reserve System. Elected vice president under Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936, he was a conservative in the New Deal administration; he broke with Roosevelt in his second term over Roosevelt's attempt to pack (enlarge) the U.S. Supreme Court. He retired to his Texas ranch in 1941.

Learn more about Garner, John Nance with a free trial on Britannica.com.

In Ecuador, "nance" usually refers to the unrelated legume Albizia pistaciifolia.

The nance is a tree widely distributed in tropical America and valued for its small, sweet fruit.

The nance is a slow-growing large shrub or tree to 33 ft (10 m). The tree is native and abundant in the wild, sometimes in extensive stands, in open pine forests and grassy savannas, from southern Mexico, through the Pacific side of Central America, to Peru and Brazil; also occurs in Trinidad, Barbados, Curaçao, St. Martin, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and throughout Cuba and the Isle of Pines. The nance is limited to tropical and subtropical climates. In Central and South America, the tree ranges from sea-level to an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,800 m). It is highly drought-tolerant.

It is known by such names as "nance" (Panama), "nanche" (Mexico), and "murici" (Brazil), among others.

The fruits are eaten raw or cooked as dessert, or may be included in soup or in stuffing for meats. In rural Panama, the dessert known as "pesada de nance" is quite popular. It is prepared with the addition of sugar and flour. They are also made into a candy, dulce de nance, prepared with the fruit cooked in sugar and water.

The fruits are often used to prepare carbonated beverages, flavor mezcal-based liqueurs, or make an oily, acidic, fermented beverage known as chicha, the standard term applied to assorted beer-like drinks made of fruits or maize. Nance is used to distill a rum-like liquor called crema de nance in Costa Rica. Mexico produces a licor de nanche.

See also: List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil

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