A nail clipper
(also called a nail trimmer
) is a mechanical
device used to trim fingernails
. Nail clippers are usually made of metal
. Two common varieties are the plier
type and the lever
type. Both are common household objects. Most nail clippers usually come with another tool attached, which is used to clean the dirt out of nails. A nail trimmer often has a miniature file
fixed to it to allow rough edges of nails to be manicured
. Nail clippers occasionally come with a pocket knife
or a nail catcher. The nail trimmer consists of a head which may be concave or convex. Specialized
nail trimmers which have convex clipping ends are intended for trimming toenails, while concave clipping ends are for fingernails. The cutting head may be manufactured to be parallel
to the principal axis
of the clipper. Cutting heads which are parallel to the principal axis are made to address accessibility issues involved with cutting toenails. Using a nail file you can shave off any excess nail that is jagged or missed.
Nail clippers may also be entirely enclosed in a flexible plastic so that it appears less threatening to children, especially those who are afraid of being cut by the clippers. These are manufactured as "child-proof" nail clippers.
The invention of the nail clipper has been attributed to Chapel Carter in the year 1896.