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The William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition, often abbreviated to the Putnam Competition, is an annual mathematics competition for undergraduate college students of the United States and Canada, awarding scholarships and cash prizes ranging from $250 to $2,500 for the top students and $5,000 to $25,000 for the top schools. The competition was founded in 1927 by Elizabeth Lowell Putnam in memory of her husband William Lowell Putnam, who, while alive, was an advocate of intercollegiate intellectual competition. The exam has been offered annually since 1938 and is administered by the Mathematical Association of America.
## Current Competition layout

## Winners

### Top-scoring teams

### Teams ranked by historical performance

### Putnam Fellows

Since the first competition, the top five (or six, in case of a tie) scorers on the examination have been named Putnam Fellows. Within the top five, Putnam Fellows are not ranked. Students are not allowed to participate in the Putnam Competition more than four times. For example, if a high school senior chooses to officially participate, he/she effectively chooses to forfeit one of his/her years of eligibility in college (see Gabriel D. Carroll). This makes it even more of a remarkable feat to become a Putnam Fellow four times. In the history of Competition, only seven students have been Putnam Fellows four times, with sixteen others winning the award three times. The following table lists these students:

### Elizabeth Lowell Putnam Award winners

Since 1992, the Elizabeth Lowell Putnam Award has been available to be awarded to a female participant with a high score. It is not awarded every year. Names in bold have been Putnam Fellows at least once; the year(s) in which they were Fellows are in bold as well.

## Trivia

A gift to the 2006 Putnam participants, a mug, had the first problem from that test printed on it. The problem was to find the volume of an object using only its equation. The object turned out to be a torus, and its being on the mug may be a reference to a donut (which is shaped like a torus) being indistinguishable from a coffee mug when considered by a topologist.
## External links

The Putnam competition now takes place on the first Saturday in December, and consists of two three-hour sittings separated by a lunch break. Each competitor attempts to solve twelve problems, which can typically be solved with only basic knowledge of college mathematics but which require extensive creative thinking.

Each of the twelve questions is worth 10 points, and the most frequent scores above zero are 10 points, for a complete solution; 9 points, for a nearly complete solution; and 1 point, for the beginnings of a solution. In earlier years, the twelve questions were worth one point each, with absolutely no partial credit given. The examination is considered to be very difficult: it is typically attempted by students specializing in mathematics, but the median score is usually one or two points out of 120 possible, and there have been only three perfect scores as of 2005. In 2003, of the 3,615 students taking the exam, 1024 (28%) scored 10 or more points, and 42 points was sufficient to make the top 102.

At a participating college, as many students as wish to take part in the exam may compete; but the school's official team consists of three individuals whom it designates in advance. Team scoring is analogous to that used in cross-country running: a team's score is the sum of the ranks of its three team members, with the lowest team score winning. It is entirely possible, even commonplace at some institutions, for the eventual results to show that the "wrong" team was picked — i.e., that some students not on the official team outscored an official team member. For example, in 2006, MIT had three of the top five scorers on the examination and nine of the top fifteen, while Princeton had just two students in the top fifteen; but Princeton took first place among teams while MIT took third.

The top five teams win $25,000, $20,000, $15,000, $10,000, and $5,000, in that order, with team members receiving $1,000, $800, $600, $400, and $200, respectively.

The top five individual scorers are named Putnam Fellows and awarded $2,500. One of them is also awarded the William Lowell Putnam Prize Scholarship of $12,000 plus tuition for graduate study at Harvard University. Sixth through 15th place individuals receive $1,000 and the next ten receive $250. The names of the top 100 students are published in the American Mathematical Monthly.

The competition is held on the first Saturday in December, most recently December 1, 2007. The 2008 exam will be held on December 6.

Many contestants have gone on to become distinguished researchers in mathematics and other fields, including three Fields Medalists — Milnor, Mumford, and Quillen — and two Nobel Prize winners in Physics — Feynman and Wilson.

Year | First | Second | Third | Fourth | Fifth |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

1938 | Toronto | UC Berkeley | Columbia | ||

1939 | Brooklyn College | MIT | Mississippi Woman's | ||

1940 | Toronto | Yale | Columbia | ||

1941 | Brooklyn College | UPenn | MIT | ||

1942 | Toronto | Yale | MIT | City College of NY | |

1946 | Toronto | MIT | Brooklyn College | Carnegie Tech | |

1947 | Harvard | Yale | Columbia | UPenn | |

1948 | Brooklyn College | Toronto | Harvard | City College of NY and McGill | |

1949 | Harvard | Toronto | Carnegie Tech | City College of NY | |

1950 | Caltech | Harvard | NYU | Toronto | |

1951 | Cornell | Harvard | Cooper Union | City College of NY | |

1952 | Queen's | Brooklyn Polytech | Harvard | MIT | |

1953 | Harvard | City College of NY | Cornell | UC Berkeley | |

1954 | Cornell | Harvard | MIT | Toronto | |

1955 | Harvard | Toronto | Yale | Kenyon | |

1956 | Harvard | Columbia | Queen's | MIT | |

1957 | Harvard | Columbia | Cornell | Caltech | |

1958 (Spring) | Brooklyn Polytech | Harvard | Toronto | Manitoba | |

1958 (Fall) | Harvard | Toronto | Caltech | Cornell | |

1959 | Brooklyn Polytech | Caltech | Toronto | Harvard | Case Tech |

1960 | UC Berkeley | Harvard | MIT | Michigan State | Cornell |

1961 | Michigan State | MIT | Caltech | Harvard | Dartmouth |

1962 | Caltech | Dartmouth | Harvard | Queen's | UCLA |

1963 | Michigan State | Brooklyn College | UPenn | Caltech | MIT |

1964 | Caltech | MIT | Harvard | Case Tech | UC Berkeley |

1965 | Harvard | MIT | Toronto | Princeton | Caltech |

1966 | Harvard | MIT | Chicago | Michigan | Princeton |

1967 | Michigan State | Caltech | Harvard | MIT | Michigan |

1968 | MIT | Waterloo | UCLA | Michigan State | Kansas |

1969 | MIT | Rice | Chicago | Harvard | Yale |

1970 | Chicago | MIT | Toronto | Illinois Tech | Caltech |

1971 | Caltech | Chicago | Harvard | UC Davis | MIT |

1972 | Caltech | Oberlin | Harvard | Swarthmore | MIT |

1973 | Caltech | British Columbia | Chicago | Harvard | Princeton |

1974 | Waterloo | Chicago | Caltech | MIT | British Columbia |

1975 | Caltech | Chicago | MIT | Princeton | Harvard |

1976 | Caltech | Washington U in StL | Princeton | Case Western Reserve and MIT | |

1977 | Washington U in StL | UC Davis | Caltech | Princeton | MIT |

1978 | Case Western Reserve | Washington U in StL | Waterloo | Harvard | Caltech |

1979 | MIT | Caltech | Princeton | Stanford | Waterloo |

1980 | Washington U in StL | Harvard | Maryland | Chicago | UC Berkeley |

1981 | Washington U in StL | Princeton | Harvard | Stanford | Maryland |

1982 | Harvard | Waterloo | Caltech | Yale | Princeton |

1983 | Caltech | Washington U in StL | Waterloo | Princeton | Chicago |

1984 | UC Davis and Washington U in StL | Harvard | Princeton | Yale | |

1985 | Harvard | Princeton | UC Berkeley | Rice | Waterloo |

1986 | Harvard | Washington U in StL | UC Berkeley | Yale | MIT |

1987 | Harvard | Princeton | Carnegie Mellon | UC Berkeley | MIT |

1988 | Harvard | Princeton | Rice | Waterloo | Caltech |

1989 | Harvard | Princeton | Waterloo | Yale | Rice |

1990 | Harvard | Duke | Waterloo | Yale | Washington U in StL |

1991 | Harvard | Waterloo | Harvey Mudd | Stanford | Yale |

1992 | Harvard | Toronto | Waterloo | Princeton | Cornell |

1993 | Duke | Harvard | Miami University | MIT | Michigan |

1994 | Harvard | Cornell | MIT | Princeton | Waterloo |

1995 | Harvard | Cornell | MIT | Toronto | Princeton |

1996 | Duke | Princeton | Harvard | Washington U in StL | Caltech |

1997 | Harvard | Duke | Princeton | MIT | Washington U in StL |

1998 | Harvard | MIT | Princeton | Caltech | Waterloo |

1999 | Waterloo | Harvard | Duke | Michigan | Chicago |

2000 | Duke | MIT | Harvard | Caltech | Toronto |

2001 | Harvard | MIT | Duke | UC Berkeley | Stanford |

2002 | Harvard | Princeton | Duke | UC Berkeley | Stanford |

2003 | MIT | Harvard | Duke | Caltech | Harvey Mudd |

2004 | MIT | Princeton | Duke | Waterloo | Caltech |

2005 | Harvard | Princeton | Duke | MIT | Waterloo |

2006 | Princeton | Harvard | MIT | Toronto | Chicago |

2007 | Harvard | Princeton | MIT | Stanford | Duke |

Below is a table of teams by the number of appearances in the top five and number of titles. Where multiple teams have the same number of appearances in the top five, they are ranked by number of championships, and then listed in alphabetical order.

The following table lists Teams finishing in Top Five (as of 2007 competition):

Top Five | Team (s) |
---|---|

53 | Harvard |

38 | MIT |

28 | Caltech |

26 | Princeton |

18 | Toronto |

17 | Waterloo |

12 | Duke |

11 | Chicago, Washington U in StL, Yale |

9 | UC Berkeley, Cornell |

6 | Stanford |

5 | Brooklyn College, City College of NY, Michigan State |

4 | Case Western Reserve (including former Case Tech), Columbia, Michigan, Rice |

3 | Brooklyn Polytech, UC Davis, Carnegie Mellon (including former Carnegie Tech), Queen's, UPenn |

2 | British Columbia, Dartmouth, Harvey Mudd, Maryland, UCLA |

1 | Cooper Union, Illinois Tech, Kansas, Kenyon, Manitoba, McGill, Miami University, Mississippi Woman's, NYU, Oberlin College, Swarthmore |

The following table lists teams that finished in the top five since 1990 (as of 2007 competition):

Top Five | Team (s) |
---|---|

17 | Harvard |

12 | Duke, MIT |

11 | Princeton |

8 | Waterloo |

5 | Caltech |

4 | Stanford, Toronto |

3 | Cornell, Washington U in StL |

2 | Chicago, UC Berkeley, Harvey Mudd, University of Michigan, Yale |

1 | Miami University |

The following table lists Teams with First place finishes (as of 2007 competition):

First place | Team (s) |
---|---|

26 | Harvard |

9 | Caltech |

5 | MIT |

4 | Toronto,Washington U in StL |

3 | Brooklyn College, Duke, Michigan State |

2 | Brooklyn Polytech, Cornell, Waterloo |

1 | UC Berkeley, UC Davis, Case Western Reserve, Chicago, Princeton, Queen's |

Name | Team | Years | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Don Coppersmith | MIT | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 |

Arthur Rubin | Purdue, Caltech | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 |

Bjorn Poonen | Harvard | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 |

Ravi D. Vakil | Toronto | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 |

Gabriel D. Carroll | UC Berkeley, Harvard | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 |

Reid W. Barton | MIT | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 |

Daniel Kane | MIT | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 |

Edward L. Kaplan | Carnegie Tech | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | |

Andrew M. Gleason | Yale | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | |

Donald J. Newman | City College of NY | 1948 | 1949 | 1950 | |

James B. Herreshoff IV | UC Berkeley | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | |

Samuel Jacob Klein | City College of NY | 1953 | 1959 | 1960 | |

Randall L. Dougherty | UC Berkeley | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | |

Eric D. Carlson | Michigan State | 1980 | 1982 | 1983 | |

David W. Ash | Waterloo | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | |

Noam D. Elkies | Columbia | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | |

David J. Grabiner | Princeton | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | |

David J. Moews | Harvard | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | |

J. P. Grossman | Toronto | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | |

Kiran S. Kedlaya | Harvard | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | |

Lenhard L. Ng | Harvard | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | |

Ciprian Manolescu | Harvard | 1997 | 1998 | 2000 | |

Aaron C. Pixton | Princeton | 2004 | 2005 | 2007 |

The following table lists all Putnam fellows from 1938 to present, with the years they placed in the top five.

Name (Team) | Year (s) |
---|---|

George W. Mackey (Rice) | 1938 |

Irving Kaplansky (Toronto) | 1938 |

Michael J. Norris (College of St. Thomas) | 1938 |

Robert W. Gibson (Fort Hays Kansas State) | 1938 |

Bernard Sherman (Brooklyn College) | 1938, 1939 |

Abraham Hillman (Brooklyn College) | 1939 |

Richard P. Feynman (MIT) | 1939 |

William Nierenberg (City College of NY) | 1939 |

Edward L. Kaplan (Carnegie Tech) | 1939, 1940, 1941 |

John Cotton Maynard (Toronto) | 1940 |

Robert Maughan Snow (George Washington) | 1940 |

W. J. R. Crosby (Toronto) | 1940 |

Andrew M. Gleason (Yale) | 1940, 1941, 1942 |

Paul C. Rosenbloom (UPenn) | 1941 |

Richard F. Arens (UCLA) | 1941 |

Samuel I. Askovitz (UPenn) | 1941 |

Harold Victor Lyons (Toronto) | 1942 |

Harvey Cohn (City College of NY) | 1942 |

Melvin A. Preston (Toronto) | 1942 |

Warren S. Loud (MIT) | 1942 |

Donald A. Fraser (Toronto) | 1946 |

Eugenio Calabi (MIT) | 1946 |

Felix Browder (MIT) | 1946 |

J. Arthur Greenwood (Harvard) | 1946 |

Maxwell A. Rosenlicht (Columbia) | 1946, 1947 |

Clarence Wilson Hewlett, Jr. (Harvard) | 1947 |

William Turanski (UPenn) | 1947 |

Eoin L. Whitney (Alberta) | 1947, 1948 |

W. Forrest Stinespring (Harvard) | 1947, 1949 |

George F. D. Duff (Toronto) | 1948 |

Harry Gonshor (McGill) | 1948 |

Leonard Geller (Brooklyn College) | 1948 |

Robert L. Mills (Columbia) | 1948 |

Donald J. Newman (City College of NY) | 1948, 1949, 1950 |

Ariel Zemach (Harvard) | 1949 |

David L. Yarmush (Harvard) | 1949 |

John W. Milnor (Princeton) | 1949, 1950 |

John P. Mayberry (Toronto) | 1950 |

Richard J. Semple (Toronto) | 1950 |

Z. Alexander Melzak (British Columbia) | 1950 |

Arthur P. Dempster (Toronto) | 1951 |

Harold Widom (City College of NY) | 1951 |

Herbert C. Kranzer (NYU) | 1951 |

Peter John Redmond (Cooper Union) | 1951 |

James B. Herreshoff IV (UC Berkeley) | 1951, 1952, 1953 |

Eugene R. Rodemich (Washington U in StL) | 1952 |

Gerhard Rayna (Harvard) | 1952 |

Richard G. Swan (Princeton) | 1952 |

Walter L. Bailey, Jr. (MIT) | 1952 |

Marshall L. Freimer (Harvard) | 1953 |

Norman Bauman (Harvard) | 1953 |

Tai Tsun Wu (Minnesota) | 1953 |

Samuel Jacob Klein (City College of NY) | 1953, 1959, 1960 |

Benjamin Muckenhoupt (Harvard) | 1954 |

James Daniel Bjorken (MIT) | 1954 |

Leonard Evens (Cornell) | 1954 |

William P. Hanf (UC Berkeley) | 1954 |

Kenneth G. Wilson (Harvard) | 1954, 1956 |

Howard C. Rumsey, Jr. (Caltech) | 1955 |

Jack Towber (Brooklyn College) | 1955 |

David B. Mumford (Harvard) | 1955, 1956 |

Trevor Barker (Kenyon) | 1955, 1956 |

Everett C. Dade (Harvard) | 1955, 1957 |

Richard Michael Friedberg (Harvard) | 1956 |

David M. Bloom (Columbia) | 1956, 1957 |

J. Ian Richards (Minnesota) | 1957 |

Richard T. Bumby (MIT) | 1957 |

Rohit J. Parikh (Harvard) | 1957 |

David R. Brillinger (Toronto) | Spring 1958 |

Donald J. C. Bures (Queen's) | Spring 1958 |

Lawrence A. Shepp (Brooklyn Polytech) | Spring 1958 |

Richard M. Dudley (Harvard) | Spring 1958 |

Joseph Lipman (Toronto) | Spring 1958, Fall 1958 |

Alan Gaisford Waterman (San Diego State) | Fall 1958 |

John Rex Forrester Hewett (Toronto) | Fall 1958 |

Robin C. Hartshorne (Harvard) | Fall 1958 |

Alfred W. Hales (Caltech) | Fall 1958, 1959 |

Daniel G. Quillen (Harvard) | 1959 |

Donald Passman (Brooklyn Polytech) | 1959 |

Donald S. Gorman (Harvard) | 1959 |

Martin Isaacs (Brooklyn Polytech) | 1959 |

Stephen L. Adler (Harvard) | 1959 |

Stephen Lichtenbaum (Harvard) | 1959 |

Jon H. Folkman (UC Berkeley) | 1960 |

Louis Jaeckel (UCLA) | 1960 |

Melvin Hochster (Harvard) | 1960 |

William R. Emerson (Caltech) | 1960 |

Barry Wolk (Manitoba) | 1961 |

Elwyn R. Berlekamp (MIT) | 1961 |

Edward Anton Bender (Caltech) | 1961, 1962 |

John Hathaway Lindsey (Caltech) | 1961, 1962 |

William C. Waterhouse (Harvard) | 1961, 1962 |

John William Wood (Harvard) | 1962 |

Robert S. Strichartz (Dartmouth) | 1962 |

Joel H. Spencer (MIT) | 1963 |

Lawrence A. Zalcman (Dartmouth) | 1963 |

Lawrence J. Corwin (Harvard) | 1963 |

Robert E. Greene (Michigan State) | 1963 |

Stephen E. Crick, Jr. (Michigan State) | 1963 |

Barry B. MacKichan (Harvard) | 1964 |

Fred William Roush (North Carolina) | 1964 |

Roger E. Howe (Harvard) | 1964 |

Rufus (Robert) Bowen (UC Berkeley) | 1964, 1965 |

Vern Poythress (Caltech) | 1964 |

Andreas R. Blass (Detroit) | 1965 |

Barry Simon (Harvard) | 1965 |

Daniel Fendel (Harvard) | 1965 |

Lon M. Rosen (Toronto) | 1965 |

Marshall W. Buck (Harvard) | 1966 |

Robert E. Maas (Santa Clara) | 1966 |

Robert S. Winternitz (MIT) | 1966 |

Theodore C. Chang (MIT) | 1966 |

Richard C. Schroeppel (MIT) | 1966, 1967 |

David R. Haynor (Harvard) | 1967 |

Dennis A. Hejhal (Chicago) | 1967 |

Don B. Zagier (MIT) | 1967 |

Peter L. Montgomery (UC Berkeley) | 1967 |

Dean G. Huffman (Yale) | 1968 |

Gerald S. Gras (MIT) | 1968 |

Neal Koblitz (Harvard) | 1968 |

Gerald A. Edgar (UC Santa Barbara) | 1968, 1969 |

Don Coppersmith (MIT) | 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971 |

Alan R. Beale (Rice) | 1969 |

Steven Winkler (MIT) | 1969 |

Robert A. Oliver (Chicago) | 1969, 1970 |

Jeffrey Lagarias (MIT) | 1970 |

Jockum Aniansson (Yale) | 1970 |

Steven K. Winkler (MIT) | 1970 |

Arthur Rubin (Purdue, Caltech) | 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973 |

Dale Peterson (Yale) | 1971 |

David Shucker (Swarthmore) | 1971 |

Robert Israel (Chicago) | 1971 |

Michael Yoder (Caltech) | 1971, 1972 |

Arthur Rothstein (Reed) | 1972 |

David Vogan (Chicago) | 1972 |

Dean Hickerson (UC Davis) | 1972 |

Ira Gessel (Harvard) | 1972 |

Angelos J. Tsirimokos (Princeton) | 1973 |

Matthew L. Ginsberg (Wesleyan) | 1973 |

Peter G. De Buda (Toronto) | 1973 |

David J. Anick (MIT) | 1973, 1975 |

Grant M. Roberts (Waterloo) | 1974 |

James B. Saxe (Union) | 1974 |

Karl C. Rubin (Princeton) | 1974 |

Philip N. Strenski (Armstrong State) | 1974 |

Thomas G. Goodwillie (Harvard) | 1974, 1975 |

Ernest S. Davis (MIT) | 1975 |

Franklin T. Adams (Chicago) | 1975 |

Christopher L. Henley (Caltech) | 1975, 1976 |

David J. Wright (Cornell) | 1976 |

Nathaniel S. Kuhn (Harvard) | 1976 |

Paul M. Herdig (Case Western Reserve) | 1976 |

Philip I. Harrington (Washington U in StL) | 1976 |

Steven T. Tschantz (UC Berkeley) | 1976, 1978 |

Adam L. Stephanides (Chicago) | 1977 |

Michael Roberts (MIT) | 1977 |

Paul A. Vojta (Minnesota) | 1977 |

Stephen W. Modzelewski (Harvard) | 1977 |

Russell D. Lyons (Case Western Reserve) | 1977, 1978 |

Mark R. Kleiman (Princeton) | 1978 |

Peter W. Shor (Caltech) | 1978 |

Randall L. Dougherty (UC Berkeley) | 1978, 1979, 1980 |

Charles H. Walter (Princeton) | 1979 |

Mark G. Pleszkoch (Virginia) | 1979 |

Miller Puckette (MIT) | 1979 |

Richard Mifflin (Rice) | 1979 |

Daniel J. Goldstein (Chicago) | 1980 |

Laurence E. Penn (Harvard) | 1980 |

Michael Raship (Harvard) | 1980 |

Eric D. Carlson (Michigan State) | 1980, 1982, 1983 |

Adam Stephanides (Chicago) | 1981 |

Robin A. Pemantle (UC Berkeley) | 1981 |

Scott R. Fluhrer (Case Western Reserve) | 1981 |

David W. Ash (Waterloo) | 1981, 1982, 1983 |

Michael J. Larsen (Harvard) | 1981, 1983 |

Brian R. Hunt (Maryland) | 1982 |

Edward A. Shpiz (Washington U in StL) | 1982 |

Noam D. Elkies (Columbia) | 1982, 1983, 1984 |

Gregg N. Patruno (Princeton) | 1983 |

Benji N. Fisher (Harvard) | 1984 |

Daniel W. Johnson (Rose-Hulman Tech) | 1984 |

Richard A. Stong (Washington U in StL) | 1984 |

Michael Reid (Harvard) | 1984, 1987 |

Everett W. Howe (Caltech) | 1985 |

Keith A. Ramsay (Chicago) | 1985 |

Martin V. Hildebrand (Williams) | 1985 |

Douglas S. Jungreis (Harvard) | 1985, 1986 |

Bjorn Poonen (Harvard) | 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988 |

David I. Zuckerman (Harvard) | 1986 |

Waldemar P. Horwat (MIT) | 1986 |

David J. Grabiner (Princeton) | 1986, 1987, 1988 |

David J. Moews (Harvard) | 1986, 1987, 1988 |

Constantin S. Teleman (Harvard) | 1987 |

John S. Tillinghast (UC Davis) | 1987 |

Jeremy A. Kahn (Harvard) | 1988 |

Ravi D. Vakil (Toronto) | 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991 |

Andrew H. Kresch (Yale) | 1989 |

Christo Athanasiadis (MIT) | 1989 |

Colin M. Springer (Waterloo) | 1989 |

Sihao Wu (Yale) | 1989 |

William P. Cross (Caltech) | 1989 |

Jordan Lampe (UC Berkeley) | 1990 |

Raymond M. Sidney (Harvard) | 1990 |

Eric K. Wepsic (Harvard) | 1990, 1991 |

Jordan S. Ellenberg (Harvard) | 1990, 1992 |

Joshua B. Fischman (Princeton) | 1991 |

Xi Chen (Missouri–Rolla) | 1991 |

Samuel A. Kutin (Harvard) | 1991, 1992 |

Jeffrey M. Vanderkam (Duke) | 1992 |

Serban M. Nacu (Harvard) | 1992 |

Adam Logan (Princeton) | 1992, 1993 |

Craig B. Gentry (Duke) | 1993 |

Wei-Hwa Huang (Caltech) | 1993 |

J. P. Grossman (Toronto) | 1993, 1994, 1995 |

Kiran S. Kedlaya (Harvard) | 1993, 1994, 1995 |

Lenhard L. Ng (Harvard) | 1993, 1994, 1995 |

William R. Mann (Princeton) | 1994 |

Jeremy L. Bem (Cornell) | 1994, 1996 |

Sergey V. Levin (Harvard) | 1995 |

Yevgeniy Dodis (NYU) | 1995 |

Dragos N. Oprea (Harvard) | 1996 |

Ioana Dumitriu (NYU) | 1996 |

Robert D. Kleinberg (Cornell) | 1996 |

Stephen S. Wang (Harvard) | 1996 |

Daniel K. Schepler (Washington U in StL) | 1996, 1997 |

Ovidiu Savin (Pittsburgh) | 1997 |

Patrick K. Corn (Harvard) | 1997 |

Samuel Grushevsky (Harvard) | 1997 |

Mike L. Develin (Harvard) | 1997, 1998 |

Ciprian Manolescu (Harvard) | 1997, 1998, 2000 |

Ari M. Turner (Princeton) | 1998 |

Nathan G. Curtis (Duke) | 1998 |

Kevin D. Lacker (Duke) | 1998, 2001 |

Christopher C. Mihelich (Harvard) | 1999 |

Colin A. Percival (Simon Fraser) | 1999 |

Davesh Maulik (Harvard) | 1999 |

Derek I.E. Kisman (Waterloo) | 1999 |

Sabin Cautis (Waterloo) | 1999 |

Abhinav Kumar (MIT) | 1999, 2000 |

Pavlo Pylyavskyy (MIT) | 2000 |

Alexander B. Schwartz (Harvard) | 2000, 2002 |

Gabriel D. Carroll (UC Berkeley, Harvard) | 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 |

George Lee, Jr. (Harvard) | 2001 |

Jan K. Siwanowicz (City University of NY) | 2001 |

Reid W. Barton (MIT) | 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 |

Deniss Cebikins (MIT) | 2002 |

Melanie E. Wood (Duke) | 2002 |

Ralph C. Furmaniak (Waterloo) | 2003 |

Ana Caraiani (Princeton) | 2003, 2004 |

Daniel M. Kane (MIT) | 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 |

Vladimir V. Barzov (MIT) | 2004 |

Aaron C. Pixton (Princeton) | 2004, 2005, 2007 |

Oleg I. Golberg (MIT) | 2005 |

Matthew M. Ince (MIT) | 2005 |

Ricky I. Liu (Harvard) | 2005 |

Tiankai Liu (Harvard) | 2005, 2006 |

Hansheng Diao (MIT) | 2006 |

Po-Ru Loh (Caltech) | 2006 |

Yufei Zhao (MIT) | 2006 |

Jason C. Bland (Caltech) | 2007 |

Brian R. Lawrence (Caltech) | 2007 |

Qingchun Ren (MIT) | 2007 |

Xuancheng Shao (MIT) | 2007 |

Arnav Tripathy (Harvard) | 2007 |

Name | Team | Year (s) |
---|---|---|

Dana Pascovici | Dartmouth | 1992 |

Ruth A. Britto-Pacumio | MIT | 1994 |

Ioana Dumitriu | NYU | 1995, 1996, 1997 |

Wai Ling Yee | Waterloo | 1999 |

Melanie E. Wood | Duke | 2001, 2002 |

Ana Caraiani | Princeton | 2003, 2004 |

Alison B. Miller | Harvard | 2005, 2006, 2007 |

- William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition official site
- William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition results
- William Lowell Putnam Competition problems, solutions, and results archive
- Archive of Putnam Problems and Student Solutions
- The Harvard-United States Military Academy Mathematics Competition of 1933: Genesis of the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition
- Searchable data base for information about careers of Putnam Fellows
- A comprehensive history of the Putnam competition.

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Last updated on Wednesday October 01, 2008 at 09:41:34 PDT (GMT -0700)

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