– September 21
) was a French physician
. Born at Paris
, he began studying medicine
and was graduated as an M.D.
with a thesis on the effects of tuberculosis
on the bones
. Three years later, he became a professor at the Hôpital St. Louis with a habilitation on breast tumors. From 1851
, he was a full professor, a post he abandoned when he became the personal surgeon of Napoleon III
. Ramón Emeterio Betances
pro-independence leader, surgeon and Légion d'honneur
laureate—was one of Nélaton's prominent students. In 1868
, he was appointed Imperial Senator.
Nélaton worked in plastic surgery. He was the first to propose the ligature of the two ends of arteries in hemorrhages, invented the porcelain-knobbed probe for locating bullets known as Nélaton's probe, and made noted contributions to pelvic and abdominal surgery.