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mysliveček

Josef Mysliveček

[mi-sli-ve-chek; Eng. mis-li-vech-ek]
Josef Mysliveček (March 9, 1737February 4, 1781) was a Czech composer in the Galant tradition.

Biography

He was born in Prague, one of twins who were sons of a prosperous mill owner, and studied philosophy at the university there before following in the footsteps of his father. The enthusiastic reception in Prague of a series of six symphonies in 1762 encouraged him to give up his studies in favour of music; with a bursary from count Vincent von Waldstein he went to Venice in the following year to study with Giovanni Pescetti. He eventually settled in Italy, where he became known as Il divino Boemo ("the divine Bohemian") and also "Venatorini", 'the little hunter', a literal translation of his name.

His first opera was performed at Bergamo around 1765. His Il Bellerofonte was a great success in Naples, and led to a number of commissions from Italian theatres. In 1770 he met the young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Bologna, where Mysliveček was a member of the Accademia Filarmonica. "He exudes fire, spirit and life", wrote Mozart in a letter home. Similarities in his musical style with the early galant works of Mozart have often been noted. Additionally Mozart made an arrangement of his aria 'Ridente la calma' KV 152 (K⁶ 210a) for soprano with piano accompaniment.

Mysliveček's fame spread outside Italy: a number of his works were performed in Munich in the 1770s. For the court of Portugal his operas were carefully copied out in longhand, for performances and the collection at the Ajuda library, where eighteen scores are preserved today, the largest collection anywhere. His final operas were unsuccessful, however. He died, impoverished, in Rome; shortly before his death he had his nose removed. Several sources (Daniel E. Freema/ www.classical-composers.org/, Daniel Smith/Mozart forum, Lynn Vought/All music guide etc.) state that this was a botched operation, intended to cure him of Syphilis. However, previously this article stated the operation was necessary because of caries which he got after infection from a coach accident and that he never had any venereal disease.

In all, he wrote over twenty opera serie, including Idomeneo (on the same subject which Mozart later treated), Abramo et Isacco, and the aforementioned Il Bellerofonte. Among his other pieces were oratorios, symphonies, concertos, and chamber music, including some of the earliest known string quintets.

He is often described as the father of Czech opera. Certainly he was the first of his compatriots to become a famous operatic composer; but his operatic idiom had no Czech characteristics, and was very much that of the Italianate opera seria.

Works

Instrumental & Orchestral works

E 1:A1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 2 in A major
E 1:A2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 5 in A major
E 1:B1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 4 in B flat major
E 1:B2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 3 in B flat major
E 1:C1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 6 in C major
E 1:C2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 1 in C major
E 1:C3 - Harpsichord Sonata in C major
E 1:D1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 3 in D major
E 1:D2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 6 in D major
E 1:F1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 1 in F major
E 1:F2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 4 in F major
E 1:G1 - Harpsichord Divertimento No. 5 in G major
E 1:G2 - Harpsichord Sonata No. 2 in G major
E 2:A1 - Violin Sonata No. 2 in A major
E 2:B1 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in B flat major
E 2:B2 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 5 in B flat major
E 2:B3 - Violin Sonata No. 3 in B flat major
E 2:B4 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 4 in B flat major
E 2:BQ1 - Adagio for violin & harpsichord in B flat major
E 2:C1 - Solo for violin & continuo in C major (lost)
E 2:C2 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in C major
E 2:C3 - Violin Sonata No. 4 in C major
E 2:C4 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 3 in C major
E 2:C5 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 6 in C major
E 2:D1 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in D major
E 2:D2 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 1 in D major
E 2:D3 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 1 in D major
E 2:D4 - Minuet for violin & keyboard in D major
E 2:EQ1 - Minuetto for violin & keyboard in E major
E 2:Es1 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in E flat major
E 2:Es2 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 3 in E flat major
E 2:Es3 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 6 in E flat major
E 2:F1 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in F major
E 2:F2 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 2 in F major
E 2:F3 - Violin Sonata No. 5 in F major
E 2:F4 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 5 in F major
E 2:G1 - Sonata for keyboard & violin in G major
E 2:G2 - Divertimento for violin & harpsichord No. 4 in G major
E 2:G3 - Violin Sonata No. 1 in G major
E 2:G4 - Sonata for violin & harpsichord No. 2 in G major
E 3:a1 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 3 in A minor
E 3:A1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in A major (lost)
E 3:A2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 2 in A major
E 3:A3 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 5 in A major
E 3:A4 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 4 in A major
E 3:A5 - Sonata for 2 cellos in A major
E 3:A6 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in A major
E 3:A7 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 4 in A major
E 3:B1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major (lost)
E 3:B2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major
E 3:B3 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 5 in B flat major
E 3:B4 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 6 in B flat major
E 3:B5 - Sonata for 2 cellos in B flat major
E 3:B6 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 6 in B flat major
E 3:B7 - Cassation for 2 clarinets & horn in B flat major
E 3:c1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in C minor (lost)
E 3:C1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 1 in C major
E 3:C2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 1 in C major
E 3:C3 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 2 in C major
E 3:C4 - Trio in C major (lost)
E 3:C5 - Sonata for 2 cellos in C major
E 3:C6 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 3 in C major
E 3:D1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 3 in D major
E 3:D2 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 5 in D major
E 3:D3 - Sonata for 2 cellos in D major
E 3:D4 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 1 in D major
E 3:D5 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in D major
E 3:e1 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 4 in E minor
E 3:E1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in E major
E 3:Es1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in E flat major
E 3:Es2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 6 in E flat major
E 3:Es3 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 3 in E flat major
E 3:Es4 - Sonata for violin, horn & continuo in E flat major (lost)
E 3:F1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in F major (lost)
E 3:F2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 1 No. 4 in F major
E 3:F3 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 6 in F major
E 3:F4 - Sonata for 2 cellos in F major
E 3:F5 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in F major
E 3:F6 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 5 in F major
E 3:F7 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in F major
E 3:G1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in G major
E 3:g1 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in G minor (lost)
E 3:G2 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo Op. 4 No. 2 in G major
E 3:G3 - Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo Op. 5 No. 1 in G major
E 3:G4 - Sonata for violin, cello & continuo in G major
E 3:G5 - Sonata for 2 cellos in G major
E 3:G6 - Sonata for flute, violin & continuo No. 2 in G major
E 3:G7 - Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in G major
E 4:A1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 1 in A major
E 4:A2 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in A major
E 4:A3 - String Quartet in A major
E 4:B1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 3 in B flat major
E 4:B2 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in B flat major
E 4:B3 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 5 in B flat major
E 4:B4 - String Quartet in B flat major
E 4:C1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 6 in C major
E 4:C2 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 2 in C major
E 4:C3 - String Quartet in C major
E 4:D1 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in D major
E 4:D2 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 3 in D major
E 4:E1 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in E major
E 4:Es1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 5 in E flat major
E 4:Es2 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in E flat major
E 4:Es3 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 1 in E flat major
E 4:Es4 - String Quartet in E flat major
E 4:F1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 2 in F major
E 4:F2 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 4 in F major
E 4:F3 - String Quartet in F major
E 4:G1 - String Quartet Op. 3 No. 4 in G major
E 4:G2 - String Quartet (Sinfonia) in G major
E 4:G3 - String Quartet Op. 1 No. 6 in G major
E 4:G4 - String Quartet in G major
E 5:A1 - String Quintet in A major
E 5:A2 - Oboe Quintet in A major (lost)
E 5:B1 - String Quintet in B flat major
E 5:B2 - Oboe Quintet in B flat major
E 5:B3 - Wind Quintet in B flat major
E 5:B4 - Hunting Partita in B flat major
E 5:C1 - String Quintet in C major
E 5:C2 - Oboe Quintet in C major (lost)
E 5:C3 - Wind Quintet in C major
E 5:D1 - Oboe Quintet in D major (lost)
E 5:D2 - Wind Quintet in D major
E 5:Es1 - String Quintet in E flat major
E 5:Es2 - Oboe Quintet in E flat major (lost)
E 5:Es3 - Wind Quintet in E flat major
E 5:F1 - String Quintet in F major
E 5:F2 - Oboe Quintet in F major
E 5:F3 - Wind Quintet in F major
E 5:G1 - String Quintet in G major
E 5:G2 - Wind Quintet in G major
E 6:G1 - Serenade in G major
E 7:A1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 4 in A major
E 7:B1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 1 in B flat major
E 7:C1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 6 in C major
E 7:D1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 5 in D major
E 7:E1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 2 in E major
E 7:G1 - Sinfonia concertante Op. 2 No. 3 in G major
E 8:B1 - Wind octet No. 3 in B flat major
E 8:Es1 - Wind octet No. 1 in E flat major
E 8:Es2 - Wind octet No. 2 in E flat major
E 9a:A1 - Violin concerto No. 8 in A major
E 9a:B1 - Violin concerto No. 5 in B flat major
E 9a:C1 - Violin concerto No. 1 in C major
E 9a:D1 - Violin concerto No. 7 in D major
E 9a:D2 - Violin concerto No. 4 in D major
E 9a:E1 - Violin concerto No. 2 in E major
E 9a:F1 - Violin concerto No. 3 in F major
E 9a:G1 - Violin concerto No. 6 in G major
E 9b:C1 - Cello Concerto in C major
E 9c:D1 - Flute Concerto in D major
E 9d:B1 - Harpsichord Concerto in B flat major
E 9d:F1 - Harpsichord Concerto in F major
E 9e:Es1 - Concertino for wind quintet & orchestra in E flat major
E10:A 1 - Symphony in A major
E10:A 2 - Overture No. 2 in A major
E10:A 3 - Sinfonia a 4 in A major
E10:B 1 - Overture to Il Trionfo di Clelia in B flat major
E10:B 2 - Symphony in B flat major
E10:B 3 - Overture No. 5 in B flat major
E10:B 4 - Overture to La clemenza di Tito in B flat major
E10:B 5 - Overture to Artaserse in B flat major
E10:B 6 - Sinfonia a 4 in B flat major
E10:B 7 - Symphony in B flat major (lost)
E10:B 8 - Symphony in B flat major
E10:B 9 - Overture to Il Demetrio II in B flat major
E10:c 1 - Overture to La famiglia di Tobia in C minor
E10:C 1 - Symphony in C major
E10:C 2 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 3 in C major
E10:C 3 - Overture to Il Bellerofonte in C major
E10:C 4 - Overture to Demofoonte I in C major
E10:C 5 - Symphony in C major (lost)
E10:C 6 - Symphony in C major
E10:C 7 - Overture No. 1 in C major
E10:C 8 - Overture to Ezio I in C major
E10:C 9 - Symphony in C major (lost)
E10:C10 - Overture to Isacco figura del redentore in C major
E10:C11 - Symphony in C major
E10:C12 - Overture to L'Olimpiade in C major
E10:C13 - Overture to Armida in C major
E10:C14 - Symphony in C major
E10:C15 - Symphony in C major (lost)
E10:D 1 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 1 in D major
E10:D 2 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 6 in D major
E10:D 3 - Overture to Semiramide in D major
E10:D 4 - Symphony in D major
E10:D 5 - Overture to Il Farnace in D major
E10:D 6 - Symphony in D major
E10:D 7 - Symphony in D major
E10:D 8 - Symphony in D major
E10:D 9 - Overture to La Nitteti in D major
E10:D10 - Symphony in D major (lost)
E10:D11 - Symphony in D major (lost)
E10:D12 - Symphony in D major
E10:D13 - Overture to Tamerlano in D major
E10:D14 - Overture No. 4 in D major
E10:D15 - Overture to Il Demetrio I in D major
E10:D16 - Overture to Antigona in D major
E10:D17 - Sinfonia a 4 in D major
E10:D18 - Overture to Demofoonte II in D major
E10:D19 - Symphony in D major (lost)
E10:D20 - Overture to Adriano in Siria in D major
E10:D21 - Symphony in D major
E10:D22 - Overture to La Calliroe in D major
E10:D23 - Symphony in D major
E10:D24 - Overture to Il Medonte in D major
E10:DQ1 - Symphony in D major
E10:E 1 - Overture to L'Ipermestra in E major
E10:E 2 - Sinfonia a 4 in E major
E10:Es1 - Symphony in E flat major
E10:Es2 - Symphony in E flat major
E10:Es3 - Overture to Adamo ed Eva in E flat major
E10:Es4 - Sinfonia a 4 in E flat major
E10:Es5 - Symphony in E flat major (lost)
E10:Es6 - Symphony in E flat major
E10:F 1 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 4 in F major
E10:F 2 - Symphony in F major
E10:F 3 - Symphony in F major
E10:F 4 - Symphony in F major (lost)
E10:F 5 - Symphony in F major
E10:F 6 - Overture No. 3 in F major
E10:F 7 - Symphony in F major (lost)
E10:F 8 - Symphony in F major
E10:F 9 - Symphony in F major
E10:F10 - Symphony in F major
E10:F11 - Symphony in F major
E10:G 1 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 2 in G major
E10:g 1 - Symphony Op. 1 No. 5 in G minor
E10:G 2 - Overture to Il Parnasso confuso in G major
E10:G 3 - Symphony in G major
E10:G 4 - Overture to Motezuma in G major
E10:G 5 - Overture No. 6 in G major
E10:G 6 - Overture to Romolo ed Ersilia in G major
E10:G 7 - Sinfonia a 4 in G major
E10:G 8 - Overture to Ezio II in G major
E10:G 9 - Symphony in G major (lost)
E10:G10 - Symphony in G major
E10:G11 - Symphony in G major
E10:G12 - Symphony in G major
E11:B1 - Orchestral piece in B flat major

Operas & Cantatas

  • Semiramide (1766)
  • Il Bellerofonte (1767)
  • Farnace (1767)
  • Il trionfo di Clelia (1767)
  • Demofoonte [1st version] (1769)
  • L’Ipermestra (1769)
  • La Nitteti (1770)
  • Motezuma (1771)
  • Il gran Tamerlano (1771)
  • Il Demetrio [1st version] (1773)
  • Romolo ed Ersilia (1773)
  • Antigona (1773)
  • La clemenza di Tito (1774)
  • Atide (1774)
  • Artaserse (1774)
  • Il Demofoonte [2nd version] (1775)
  • Ezio [1st version] (1775)
  • Adriano in Siria (1776)
  • Ezio [2nd version] (1777)
  • La Calliroe (1778)
  • L’olimpiade (1778)
  • La Circe (1779)
  • Demetrio [2nd version] (1779)
  • Armida (1779)
  • Il Medonte (1780)
  • Antigono (1780)
  • Il Parnaso confuso (c.1765), dramatic cantata
  • Elfrida (1774), play with choruses (lost)
  • Das ausgerechnete Glück (1777), children operetta (lost)
  • Theodorich und Elisa (c.1777), melodrama

Oratorios

  • Il Tobia (1769)
  • I pellegrini al sepolcro (1770)
  • Giuseppe riconosciuto (c.1770) - lost
  • Adamo ed Eva (1771)
  • La Betulia liberata (1771) - lost
  • La passione di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo (1773)
  • La liberazione d'Israele (1775) - lost
  • Isacco figura del redentore (1776)

Other vocal works

Secular cantatas

  • Cantata per S.E. Marino Cavalli (1768) - lost
  • Narciso al fonte (1768) - lost
  • Cantata a 2 (by 1771)
  • Enea negl'Elisi (1777) - lost
  • Armida
  • Ebbi, non ti smarir
  • Non, non turbati, o Nice
  • 6 birthday cantatas written between 1767 and 1779 during his stay in Naples - lost

Arias

  • Il caro mio bene (c.1773)
  • Ah che fugir … Se il ciel mi chi rida;
  • 3 duetti notturni (2 vv, insts)

Sacred works

  • Veni sponsa Christi (1771)
  • Lytanie laurentanae
  • Offertorium Beatus Bernardy

Notes

External links

References

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