, also known as Kabalega Falls
or Kabarega Falls
, is a waterfall
on the Nile
. It breaks the Victoria Nile, which flows across northern Uganda
from Lake Victoria
to Lake Kyoga
and then to the north end of Lake Albert
in the western branch of the East African Rift
. . At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a seven metre gap in the rocks and tumbles 43 metres down, then flows westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic metres per second (11,000 ft³/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide.
Sir Samuel Baker, who in 1864 was the first European to see the falls, named them after Sir Roderick Murchison, president of the Royal Geographical Society. The falls lend their name to the surrounding Murchison Falls National Park.
During the regime of Idi Amin in the 1970s the name was changed to Kabarega Falls, after the Omukama (King) Kabarega of Bunyoro, although this was never legally promulgated. The name reverted to Murchison Falls following the downfall of Idi Amin It is still sometimes referred to as Kabarega Falls.