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Fascism (book)

Fascism is a 1995 book edited by Roger Griffin. It is a reader, in the Oxford Readers series, which assembles the writings of various authors on the topic of fascism.

It is largely composed of writings by fascists (with some critics and observers) spanning the prewar, interwar and post-war periods, up to the present.

It was published by Oxford University Press in 1995 as a 410-page paperback (ISBN 0-19-289249-5).

Table of contents

Part, Chapter, or Section Title Author
General Introduction
PART I FASCISM IN ITALY
A. Fascism as an Opposition Movement
i. Pre-1918 Tributaries of Fascism
1. The War as a Source of National Renewal Giovanni Papini
2. The War as a Proletarian Cause Revolutionary Syndicalism
3. The War as the Catharsis of Italian Society Filippo T. Marinetti
4. The War as a Revolutionary Event Benito Mussolini
5. 'Trenchocracy' Benito Mussolini
6. The Futurist Vision of the New Italy Political Futurism
7. From the Old Italy to the New Alfredo Rocco
8. The War as the Midwife of a New Italian People Roberto Farinacci
ii Fascism in Opposition 23 March 1918 - 27 October 1922
9. San Sepulcro Fascism Benito Mussolini
10. The Regency of Fiume as the Harbinger of the New Italy Gabriele D'Annunzio and Alceste de Ambris
11. The Nationalist Blueprint for a New Italy The Italian Nationalist Association
12. The Squadistri as the Revolutionaries of the New Italy Mario Piazzesi
13. Fascism as the Victory of the New Italy Luigi Federzoni
14. The Incorporation of the Peasantry into the Italian Nation Benito Mussolini
15. Fascism's Myth: The Nation Benito Mussolini
iii. The Coalition Government 30 October 1922 - 3 January 1925
16. A Futurist Portrait of the New Prime Minister of Italy Filippo T. Marinetti
17. The New State Born of Syndicalism and Statism Sergio Panunzio
18. Fascism's European Mission Curzio Malaparte
19. The End of the Liberal Regime Benito Mussolini
B. Fascism in Power January 1925-April 1945
i. The Formative Years of the 'Totalitarian' Regime January 1925-February 1929
20. Fascism as a Total Conception of Life Giovanni Gentile
21. Fascist Mysticism Italian Fasci Abroad
22. Fascism as the Creator of the Third Italian Civilization Benito Mussolini
23. The Leader as the Voice of the Reborn Race Augusto Turati
24. The Strength in Numbers Benito Mussolini
25. The Strength in Numbers Benito Mussolini
26. The Anti-Modernist Aesthetic of Strapaese Mino Maccari
27. The University as the Incubator of a Fascist Elite Giuseppe Bottai
28. The Achievements of the Fascist Revolution Benito Mussolini
ii The Period of Consolidation 1930-1934
29. Towards a Fascist Europe Asvero Gravelli
30. The Role of Youth under Fascism Giovanni Giurati
31. Fascist Corporativism as the Key to a New International Order Ugo Spirito
32. Mussolini's Century Giuseppe Bottai
33. Going to the People Achille Starace
34. The Birth of a New Civilization Benito Mussolini
iii Imperialist Expansion and Alignment with Nazism 1935-1939
35. The Vital Need for Empire Benito Mussolini
36. (a) From the Abyssinian Campaign Marching songs of Fascist Soldiers Abroad
36. (b) From the Spanish Campaign Marching songs of Fascist Soldiers Abroad
37. The Autarkic Mentality and the New Fascist Order Edmondo Rossoni
38. Blood Brothers: Fascism and Nazism Benito Mussolini
39. The Introduction of Fascist Racial Policy Gioacchino Volpe
iv Fascism at War 1940-1943
40. People of Italy! Run to your Arms! Benito Mussolini
41. Safeguarding Europe's Birthright against the Jewish Conspiracy Alfredo Cioffi
42. The New Europe which will Arise from the Axis Victory Carlo Costamagna
v The Italian Socialist Republic 1943-1945
43. Fascism Reborn The Fascist Republican Party
44. The Greatest Massacre of All Time: Democracy Benito Mussolini
45. What Might Have Been: Axis Europe Benito Mussolini
PART II FASCISM IN GERMANY
A. German Fascism before the Nazi Seizure of Power
i Pre-1914 Precursors of German Fascism
46. The Redemptive Mission of German Culture Richard Wagner
47. The Need to Transcend Liberalism Paul De LaGarde
48. The Rebirth of German Genius Julius Langbehn
49. Planting the New Reich Stefan George
50. The Need for the Nation to be Healed Theodor Fritsch
ii Non-Nazi German Fascisms
51. The Resurgence of the West Otto Dickel
52. The Eternal German Reich Arthur Moeller Van Den Bruck
53. The Organic German Nation Edgar Jung
54. The Great War: Father of a New Age Ernst Junger
55. The Germany of the Freikorps Ernst von Salomon
56. The Emergence of a New Type of Human Being Ernst Junger
57. The Prussian Spirit: Salvation of the White Race Oswald Spengler
58. The German Knight as the Key to Europe's Recovery Otto Strasser
iii Nazism before 1933
59. The Mission of the Nazi Movement Adolf Hitler
60. Barren Trees Franz Pfeffer Von Salomon
61. 'Christ-Socialism' Joseph Goebbels
62. Let there be Light Gottfried Feder
63. Motherhood and Warriorhood as the Key to a National Socialism Gregor Strasser
64. Nordic Thinking and the German Rebirth Hans F. K. Günther
65. Breeding a New Nobility Richard Walther Darré
66. The New Human Synthesis E. Gunther Grundel
B. German Fascism in Power 1933-1945
i The Establishment of the Third Reich 1933-1935
67. German Rebirth Alfred Rosenberg
68. The Third Reich as Savior of the West Hermann Göring
69. The Total Revolution of National Socialism Joseph Goebbels
70. The New Breed of German Gottfried Benn
71. The New German Woman Paula Siber
72. The Legal Basis of the Total State Carl Schmitt
73. The Place of Art in Germany's Political Reawakening Adolf Hitler
ii The Period of Consultation 1936-1939
74. Soldierly Economics Werner Daitz
75. The Joy of the National Socialist Economy Robert Ley
76. The Expansionary Spirit of a Rejuvenated People Paul Ritter
77. Nazism's World Crusade against the Jews Hammer Press
78. The Divine Mission of the SS Heinrich Himmler
79. The Role of Youth in Perpetuating the Third Reich Willi F. Konitzer
80. The Successful Cleansing of German Culture Helmuth Langenbucher
81. National Socialism as the Custodian of European Being Martin Heidegger
82. The Third Reich as the Cure for the European Sickness Christoph Steding
iii The Third Reich at War 1939-1945
83. The New European Order Paul Herre
84. A National Socialist Common Market Hans S. V. Heister
85. Improving the Stock Walter Gross
86. The True Meaning of the War Joseph Goebbels
87. The Ultimate Turning-Point: Total War Robert Ley
88. Moral Dilemmas Heinrich Himmler
89. Heimat Schwarzes Korps
90. The Rebirth of National Socialism Adolf Hitler
PART III ABORTIVE FASCISMS 1922-1945
A. European Fascisms
i. Britain
91. Christ, Nietzsche, and Caesar Oswald Mosley
92. Towards a Fascist Europe Oswald Mosley
93. A Corporate Britain Alexander Raven Thomson
94. Britain Awake! E.D. Randell
95. A Spiritual Typhus Arthur Kenneth Chesterton
96. Hitler Shows the Way William Joyce
ii Ireland
97. The New Corporate Ireland Eoin O'Duffy
iii Spain
98. The Voice of Spain Ramiro Ledesma Ramos
99. Total Feeling Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera
100. Bread and Justice Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera
101. A New Breed of Spaniards Antonio Vallejo-Nagera
iv Portugal
102. The Wind of Change Rolão Preto
103. Ersatz Fascism Rolão Preto
v France
104. Empty Portfolios George Valois
105. Saving France Jacques Doriot
106. The European Revolution and the New State Marcel Déat
107. The Rebirth of European Man Pierre Drieu La Rochelle
vi Belgium
108. The Revolution of Souls Leon Degrelle
109. Fascism's Century Jose Streel
vii Norway
110. The Nordic Revival Vidkun Quisling
111. A Greater Norway Vidkun Quisling
viii Finland
112. The Battle for the New Finland Lapua
113. The Revolution of the Finnish Heart Elias Simojoki
ix Estonia
114. A New Estonia Evl
x Latvia
115. A Latvian Latvia Gustavs Celmiņš
xi Romania
116. The Romanian Legionary's Mission in Spain Ion Moţa
117. The Resurrection of the Race Corneliu Codreanu
xii Hungary
118. Hungarism Ferenc Szálasi
B. Non-European Fascisms
i. South Africa
119. The Reawakening of the Boerevolk Ossewabrandwag
ii Chile
120. Chilean Action and National Regeneration Carlos Keller
121. The Soul of the Race Jorge González von Mareés
iii Brazil
122. A Fourth Era of Humanity Dawns Plinio Salgado
123. The Soul of the Nation Awakens Plinio Salgado
iv Japan
124. The Need for a Totalitarian Japan Nakano Seigō
125. Write Your Own Mein Kampf Nakano Seigō
PART IV THEORIES OF FASCISM
A. Reactions to Fascism 1920-1945
i Ambivalent or Positive Reactions to the Spread of Fascism
126. Black Sheep Vilfredo Pareto
127. A Plague of Amateur Mussolinis Kenneth Roberts
128. A Sunny Disposition Robert Michels
129. The Italian Volksstaat Johann W. Mannhardt
130. The Italian Experiment Erwin von Beckerath
131. To Each Country its Own Fascism James Strachey Barnes
132. The Makers of Europe Giuseppe Borgese
133. A Sense of Humor Sir Charles Petrie
134. A Bad Good Thing H.G. Wells
ii Interpretations of Fascism by Marxists
135. Three Comintern Responses to Fascism Comintern
(a) Opening the Door to Fascism Comintern
(b) White Terror Comintern
(c) Fruit of the Womb Comintern
136. Erroneous Definitions Palmiro Togliatti
137. The Purging Fires of Fascism R. Palme Dutt
138. The Return of the Dark Ages E. J. Strachey
iii Democratic Critiques of Fascism
139. Tribal Loyalties G.D.H. and M.I. Cole
140. Dragon's Teeth R.A. Brady
141. The Hopeless Task Karl Polanyi
142. Rabbits Ruled by Stoats George Orwell
143. Black Magic Peter Drucker
144. The Iron Heel Max Horkheimer
iv Four Wartime Analyses of Fascism
145. Forcing Elephants into Foxholes Wilhelm Reich
146. The Fear of Freedom Erich Fromm
147. Market Forces Harold Laski
148. Rationalism Debunked Talcott Parsons
B. Post-War Judgements on Fascism
i Some Approaches to Fascism
149. Paradigms of Fascism Bernt Hagtvet and Stein Larsen
a. Marxist Approaches
150. The View From Moscow A Soviet Political Dictionary
151. The View from East Germany Joachim Petzold
152. The View of a Western Marxist Martin Kitchen
b. Fascism as the Product of Structural Forces
153. Extremism of the Centre Seymour M. Lipset
154. Defective Nation-Building Bernt Hagtvet and Stein Rokkan
155. Redemptive Potential Geoffrey Eley
c. Psycho-Historical Approaches
156. Fear and Destructiveness The Frankfurt School
157. Making Sense Gerald M. Platt
158. Raising the Dead Klaus Theweleit
d. Modernization Theories
159. Blood and Death Barrington Moore
160. Utopian Anti-Modernism Henry A. Turner Jun
161. Fascist Modernity Emilio Gentile
ii Some Individual Theories of the Fascist Minimum
162. Resisting Transcendence Ernst Nolte
163. The Total Charismatic Community A. James Gregor
164. The Latecomer Juan B. Linz
165. Verbal Revolutionarism Renzo de Felice
166. A Mulish Concept Gilbert Allardyce
167. A Third Way George L. Mosse
168. A New Nationalist Authoritarian State Stanley Payne
160. A New Civilization Zeev Sternhell
170. The New Synthesis Roger Eatwell
PART V POST-WAR FASCISMS
i Verdicts on the 'Fascist Era' from Veteran Fascists
171. Fascism: Myth and Reality Julius Evola
172. The Third Reich: The Triumph of the Demagogues Ernst Niekisch
173. Lenin was Right Maurice Bardeche
174. The Ideals of the Fascist Era Leon Degrelle
175. The Lunacy of Fascism and Nazism Arthur Kenneth Chesterton
176. Hubris and Miscalculation Oswald Mosley
ii Discourses of Post-War Fascism
(a) Universal Nazism
177. The Revival of National Socialism Colin Jordan
178. A Racist Catechism The West European Foundation
179. How to Save Europe Guy Amaudruz
(b) Holocaust Denial
180. The Miracle of the Telephone Box Leon Degrelle
181. A Monumental Lie Thies Christophersen
182. An Ever-Flowing River John Day
(c) Historical Revisionism
183. The Bicycle Thief David Irving
184. Laying it on the Line David Irving
185. From Class War to Race War Ernst Nolte
186. Truth and Fiction Gerhard Frey
(d) Eurofascism
187. The European Revolution The Malmo Manifesto
188. The True Europe's Revolt against the Modern World Julius Evola
189. Europe a Nation Oswald Mosley
(e) The New Right
190. Regenerating History Alain de Benoist
191. The Metapolitical Rebirth of Europe Pierre Krebbs
192. A Breath of Fresh Air Michael Walker
(f) The Conservative Revolution
193. German Nihilism Armin Mohler
194. The Will to Modernity of the Conservative Revolution Louis Dupeux
195. Heroic Realism Robert Steukers
(g) Third Position
196. The European Genius and the Rediscovery of the Sacred Adolfo Morganti
197. The Political Soldier and the National Revolution Derek Holland
198. A Community of Destiny Groupe Union Defense
iii Contemporary Expressions of Fascism
(a) Ideological Fascism
199. Songs for Europe Skrewdriver
200. The Immortal Principle Hartwig Huber
201. The Greening of Nazism Padraig Cullen
202. Spiritual AIDS John Tyndall
(b) Militant Fascism
203. Blood, Soil, and Faith L'Oeuvre Francaise
204. The Cleansing Hurricane William Pierce
205. Patriots of the World Unite! Paymat
206. God's Own Afrikaner-Weerstandsbeweging
207. The Romanian Ethnocratic State 973-35-1068-8
(c) Electoral Fascism
208. Living Stones of the New Spain Frente Nacional
209. The European Home Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands
210. Saving the Nation British National Party
211. For a New Italy Movimento Sociale Italiano
212. King Kong Meets his Match Russia's Liberal Democratic Party
EPILOGUE
213. The Deadly Trunk of Fascism Primo Levi
Select Bibliography
Acknowledgements
Index

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