mucous colitis

List of herbs and minerals in Ayurveda

Ayurveda (Devanagari: आयुर्वेद ) is a form of traditional medicine in use primarily in India. Ayurveda believes that various materials of vegetable, animal, and mineral origin have some medicinal value. The medicinal properties of these materials are time tested and have been used for centuries in ayurvedic medicines to cure illness and/or help maintain health.

Ayurvedic medicaments are made from herbs or mixtures of herbs, either alone or in combination with minerals, metals and other ingredients of animal origin. The metals, animals and minerals are purified by individual processes before being used for medicinal purposes. Impurified materials are not allowed to be used as medicine.

The forms of Ayurvedic medicaments are:

Commonly used herbs and minerals

(Names ref.)
Botanical (Latin) Name Common (English) Name Sanskrit Name Claimed Therapeutic Use
(According to Ayurveda)
Acacia concinna Acacia Shikakai For bilious affections, jaundice, malarial fever, preventive to flatulence, mild laxative.
Acacia nilotica Indian Gum Arabic Tree Babool Demulcent, astringent, gonorrhoea, leucorrhoea, styptic, diarrhoea, dysentery, diabetes.
Acorus calamus Sweet Flag Vacha Bitter tonic, ague, habitual constipation, atonic dyspepsia, flatulence, paralytic nervous affections, colic, epilepsy, dropsy, glandular diseases, rheumatic swellings, useful for children's ailments teething.
Adhatoda vasica Malabar Nut Vasaka Relief from bronchitis, whooping cough, bronchial asthma. Supports lung functions. Immune system-boosting properties.
Aegle marmelos Bael Tree Bael For intestinal problems, amoebic dysentery, diarrhoea. Digestive, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory. Useful in irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory conditions of bowels.
Allium sativum Garlic Lasuna To control excess conversion of lipids and cholesterol.
Aloe vera Indian Aloe Kumari Useful in ophthalmic disorders, mild laxative, tonic, increases semen quality, cure vata dosha, poisonous effects, hepatospleenomegaly, spleen and liver disorders, cystic formation, hydrocele, kaphha fever, glands, anomalies of blood, anomalies of skin.
Andrographis paniculata The Creat Yavatika Used in malaria fever, enlargement of liver, chronic and obstinate fever, dropsy, edema, removes constipation, appetiser. Useful in infant disorders such as diarrhoea, colic, vomiting.
Anethum sowa Indian Dill Satahva For improving hunger, appetiser, anti-febric, vermifugal, digestive, abdominal colic, intestinal colic, ophthalmic disorders, pelvic inflammatory disease conditions, analgesic, body pain .
Asparagus racemosus Asparagus Shatavari To nourish the female reproductive system, promote lactation.
Azadirachta indica Neem Neem For skin disorders. Blood purifying and immune-boosting properties. Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal agent.
Bacopa monnieri Bacopa Brahmi Improves alertness. Anti-anxiety agent.
Balsamodendron mukul Indian Bdellium Tree Guggulu Anti-spasmodic, emmenagogue, stimulant, tonic, alterative demulcent. Useful in rheumatism, nervous diseases, glands and scrofulous diseases, blood purifier. For chronic wounds which do not heal easily.
Benincasa hispada White Pumpkin Kushmanda As a food nourishes body, vigour, purifies blood, appetiser, easy to digest, removes constipation, normalise bowel movements. Remedy in mental disorders, epilepsy, mania, psychological disorders and helps to cure all mental diseases and their conditions.
Betula utilis Himalayan Birch Bhurjapatra Ear disorders, bile disorders, anomalies of blood, psychological disorders, anti-obesity, anti-toxin.
Boerhaavia diffusa Boerhaavia Punarnava For efficient kidney and urinary functions, urinary tract infections.
Capsicum annuum Red Pepper Katuvira Aroused digestive fire, removes kaphha dosha, produce burning sensation, removes indigestion, anti-cholera, helps to heal obstinate wounds, removes hoarseness, sleepiness and perversion of taste. Useful in loss of senses and weak pulse condition.
Cassia fistula Golden Shower Tree Aragvadha FRUIT-BODY:Mild laxative, Anti-fever, useful in cardiac (heart) problems, Rakta Pitta, hematemesis, hemorrhages, arthritis, vatavyadhi, colic, acidity and acidic eructations. Roots are very strong purgative, should not be used alone.
Cedrus deodara Deodar Cedar Devadaru Bark and stem: creates sweating, urination, anti-vata, eliminates skin disorders, anti-febril, anti-edema, arthritis, joint pain, joint swelling, antitussive, vermifugal, blood and urine anomalies.
Cinnamomum camphora Camphor Karpoora Used in kaphha, thirst, obesity, burning sensations, throat problems, intestinal worms, mouth freshener, analgesics, antitusive, antipyeratic, excessive sweats. Beneficial in small quantity [50mg] for low blood pressure and asthma.
Citrus grandis Pomelo Mahanimbu Vata-kaphha nashak, mild laxative, digestive, appetiser, loss of appetite, abdominal colic, worms, vomiting, nausea.
Citrus limon Lemon Nimbaka Use as food for increased taste, increased hunger, digestive, help to pass abdominal wind, flatus.
Citrus medica Citron Bijapura In heart disorders, abdominal colic, Gulma (abdominal tumors), vomiting, nausea, indigestion, haemorrhoids.
Cucumis sativus Cucumber Trapusha Diuretic, useful in haematamesis, haemorrhages, bleeding, cold in nature, as a food to renal stone patient.
Cuminum cyminum Cumin Shvetajiraka SEEDS: smell increasing the taste of food, increased taste, appetiser, Cholagogue, useful in abdominal colic, flatulence, wind formation, offensive flatus, vermifugal, dysentery, diarrhoea, Gulma (abdominal tumors), indigestion, inflammatory condition of bowels, renal calculus, gonorrhoea, obstruction of urine, nausea, vomiting.
Daucus carota Carrot Garjira Seeds: useful in flatulence, renal disorders, pathophysiology of small and large intestines, salpingitis, impotence, female genital disorders, Root: vermifugal, spleenomegaly, physical weakness, cholecystitis, problem before delivery, cardiac problems, piles, colic burning sensation, asthma, hiccough, mouth freshener. Externally for burns, abscess.
Eclipta alba Thistles Bhringaraja Juice: useful to teeth, skin and hairs, indicated for the treatment of Kaphha-vata disorders, cough, bronchitis, worms, asthma, skin diseases, oedema, mucous disorders, anemia, digestive, support and nourished body, choleggue, hepatomegaly, liver disorders, loss of appetite, vertigo, hepatospleenomegaly, piles, indigestion, headache, weak vision, Externally for burns, skin diseases, leucoderma, hair loss, alopecia.
Embelia ribes False Black Pepper Vidanga Fruit: carminative, anthelmintic, stimulant, alterative, anti-dyspeptic, anti-flatulent, skin diseases, rheumatisma, diuretic, laxative, purgative.
Eucalyptus globulus Eucalyptus Nilgiri Taila External: deodorant, useful in skin disorders, anti-vermicular, wounds us cervix, wounded piles, smells in Cold and coryza, muscular and joints pain, myopathy: Internal: excessive salivation, digestive, antipyretic.
Ficus bengalensis Banyan tree Vata Kaphha pitta shamak, ,nausea, diarrhoea, bloody dysentery, haemorrhages, bleeding, dysentery, anomaly of blood, bleeding from all orifices, discoloration of skin, bloody leucorrhoea, leucorrhoea, white discharges from vagina, help in pregnancy, anomaly of urine, Prameha, ueful for childless women, increased fertility in women.
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Shatapushpa In Vata-pitta dosha, useful in mental weakness, weakness of eyesight, nausea, vomiting, weak appetite, flatulence, abdominal wind, abdominal colic, dysentery, piles, cardiac disorders, anomaly of blood, cough, bronchitis, pulmonary disorders, anomaly of urine and urination, fever, skin disorders, weakness, burning sensations.
Gaultheria fragrantissima Indian Wintergreen Gandapura Oil: cures Vata, pain, stimulant, antipyeretic, brings sweats, diuretic, antispasmodic, removes pain of all kinds, useful in cardiac disorders, joint pain, sciatica, flatulence, wind formation in abdomen, rheumatic pain, myolitis.
Hippophae rhamnoides Seabuckthorn Bhasam [ashes]: for respiratory disorders, hiccough, asthma, cough, cardiac pain, glandular swellings, rheumatism, arthritis, tuberculosis, pulmonary disorders, joint pain, increases sexual desire in male and female, impotence. External: paste is applied in Pleuritis, Pneumonia, backache, painful inflammatory condition with swelling.
Jasminum officinale Jasmine Jati Cold nature, bitter taste, increases Vata and Kaphha Dosha, useful in burning pain wounds, anomaly of blood, oral problems, tooth problems, eye disorders, headache, migraine, antitoxic. Oil: cold, heals wounds, anomaly of blood, useful in skin, head and ophthalmic disorders, stomatitis.
Juglans regia Walnut Akschota In facial paralysis, cervical lymphadenitis, adenitis, ringworm, edema, dropsy, swelling, fistula, opium poisoning, devermicular, purgative, laxatives, provides strength, pulmonary tuberculosis, cardiac disorders, uric acid diathesis, gout, burning sensations, rheumotoid arthritis, syphilis, gonorrhoea, dermatitis, skin disorders and anomaly of blood, blood purifier.
Lilium polyphyllum White Lily Kshirakakoli Increasing the quantity of semen, condensed semen, increasing lactations in feeding mothers, creates sexual excitement both in male and female, increases vitality, vigour.
Mimosa pudica Sensitive plant Lajjalu For gynaecological disorders, skin disorders, bleeding piles, amoebic dysentery, diarrhoea.
Mangifera indica Mango Amra Raw: sour, tasteful, increases Vata and Pitta Dosha, Ripe, sweet: increases semen quality, appetiser, increases taste, wound healer, anomaly of blood,
Melaleuca leucadendra Tea Tree Kayaputi In hyperpyerexia, gout, uric acid, diarrhoea, skin disorders, bronchitis, cough, dermatitis, joints pain, muscular pain.
Mel despumatum Honey Madhu Sweet, cool, easy to digest, for constipation, better for eyes and voice, beneficial to heart, heals wounds quickly, obesity, frequent urination, hiccough, asthma, bronchitis, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, emaciation, excessive thirst, haemorrhagic tendency, faintness, burning sensation, healing wounds.
Mentha arvensis Mint Putiha
Mentha piperita Peppermint Oils and crystal form: carminative, cool, analgesic, relives painful muscular conditions, smells in colds and coryza, relieves headache, sinusitis. Used both internally and externally. Very powerful effect. When use internally, use very small quantity (one drop in four divided doses) with precautions.
Nardostachys jatamansi Musk Jatamansi
Pinus roxburghii Chir Pine Shrivasa
Piper longum Indian Long Pepper Pippali
Prunus amygdalus Almond Vatadha
Punica granatum Pomegranate Dadima
Pyrus malus Apple Seva
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary
Salmalia malabarica Silk Cotton Tree Shalmali
Santalum album Sandalwood Chandana
Sapindus mukorossi Soapnut Tree Arishta
Sesamum indicum Sesame Til
Sesbania sesban Egyptian Rattle Pod Jayanti
Shorea robusta Sal Tree Shala
Solanum lycopersicum Tomato
Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Medhika
Triticum sativum Common Wheat Godhuma
Vetiveria zizanioides Poppy Ushira
Vitex negundo Five-leaved Chaste Tree Nirgundi
Vitis vinifera Grape Draksha
Wrightia tinctoria Sweet Indrajao Hyamaraka
Xanthoxylum alatum Toothache Tree Tumburu
Zinziber officinale Ginger Sunthi Digestive disorders, low appetite, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and motion sickness.
Alum Saurashtri Internal: bloody dysentery, dysentery, worms, remittant and intermittent fever, anti-tussive, External: piles, wounds, traumatic wounds and conditions, stings, itching, eczema, conjunctivitis, leucorrhoea, otorrhoea, gonorrhoea, as gargle in pharyngitis, tonsillitis, throat problems.
Conch Shell Shankha Bhasam [ashes]: loss of appetite, indigestion, peptic ulcers, dueodenal ulcers, hyperacidity, bronchitis, hepatospleenomegaly, Gulma, asthma, cough, respiratory disorders.
Sodium carbonate Svarjikshara Internal: constipation, diuretic, Gulmanashak, colic, pain abdominal, worms intestinal, flatulence, eructations, abdominal winds, tympenitis, irritable bowel syndrome. External: promotes suppuration of boils, burns, pimples, leucoderma, white patches of skin.
Sodium bicarbonate Tankana First purify according of Ayurveda directions: increased digestive fire, Kaphha nashak, antitoxic, cough, bronchitis, asthma, pulmonary resoiratory disorders, antipyeritic, Gulm nashak, colic, bodyache, sensation of chilliness etc. spleenomegaly hyperacidity, diminished hunger, stomatitis. External: eczema, ringworm, itching of skin, mouth pain in aphthea, vaginal itching, leucorrhoea, hydrocele, mammary gland inflammation, toothache, black spot on face.
Cowrie Shell Varatika Bhasam [ash]: used in colic of all nature, mucous colitis, dysentery, hyperacidity, weak assimilation, diarrhoea, gastritis, gas formation, flatulence, excessive thirst, tympenitis, rumbling in abdomen, loss of appetite, Irritable bowel syndromes, improves digestive power, asthma, bronchitis, otorrhoea, dry cough, Tuberculosis, exhaustive disease conditions, aphthea, stomatitis.
Natural Zinc Yashad Bhasma Bhasam [ash]: ophthalmic disorders, night blindness, kaphha-pitta disorders, jaundice, liver disorders, hepatitis, anomalies of urine, diabetes, asthma, cysts, glands, diarrhoea, mucous colitis, dhatu kshaya, tuberculosis, bacillary dysentery, gonorrhoea, impotency, improves digestion, beneficial in vomiting and nausea.
Botanical (Latin) Name Common (English) Name Sanskrit Name Therapeutic Use
(According to Ayurveda)

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References

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