is a neighborhood located in the hills of northeastern Los Angeles, California
The boundaries of Mt. Washington are roughly defined by Division Street on the west, El Paso Drive and Avenue 50 on the northeast, Marmion Way on the southeast, and Isabel street on the southwest. Adjacent neighborhoods include Glassell Park
to the northwest, Eagle Rock
to the north, Highland Park
to the northeast, Montecito Heights
to the southeast, across the Arroyo Seco
, and Cypress Park
to the southwest. Mt. Washington contains views of the San Gabriel Valley
and Los Angeles Basin
to the Pacific Ocean
on clear days.
Mt. Washington is split between Los Angeles City Council districts 1 and 14 and is part of California's 31st congressional district. The neighborhood lies mostly within ZIP code 90065, with an eastern portion in 90042, and the area code is 323.
Owing to its hilly geography, Mt. Washington lacks major arterial streets. However, nearby transportation options allow easy access to Downtown Los Angeles
, and other areas of Los Angeles. Several major thoroughfares run through adjacent neighborhoods, including Figueroa Street
, San Fernando Road, York Boulevard, and Eagle Rock Boulevard. The area is also served by several freeways: the Pasadena Freeway
, Glendale Freeway
, and Golden State Freeway
. The Metro Gold Line
serves southeastern parts of the neighborhood with a station
near the Southwest Museum
Mt. Washington was founded in 1909 as a subdivision laid out by real estate developer Robert Marsh. Marsh built the Mt. Washington Hotel at the summit of Mt. Washington, and the Los Angeles and Mount Washington Railway Company
was soon established as a funicular
railway up the hill as an alternative to constructing roads up the area's steep hillsides. The railway operated until January 1919.
As Los Angeles grew outward from its core, Mt. Washington was eventually absorbed into the city proper. Like most of the Eastside, the district became unfashionable to whites as Mid-Wilshire and the West Side flowered in the 1930s, and especially after the construction of the Arroyo Seco Parkway. After World War II, it became a hot destination for middle-class Mexican Americans, who are the area's dominant population to this day.
In the 1950s and 1960s Modernist homes, similar to those found in the Hollywood Hills or Brentwood were built in the district. The district is generally considered the most affluent area of the East Side, and also contains the region's largest concentration of non-Latino whites. During the 1980s the population was heavily gay and lesbian, but many took advantage of the rapid increase in prices to sell at the end of that decade. Also, during the 70's and 80's, the "Hill" attracted a bohemian element. Today, the population is mainly professional class with some involved in the arts. In recent years, many homebuyers have become attracted to the area as a relatively affordable alternative to the Westside.
Mt. Washington is split among several U.S. Census
tracts that include portions of other districts, making an exact population difficult to determine. As of 2000, ethnic/racial breakdown is roughly 30% non-Hispanic White, 53% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 4% African-American, 11% Asian or Pacific Islander, and 2% of two or more races. Moreover, median household income was estimated at roughly $50,000 and $21,000 per capita income. Home prices range from about $500,000 to around $1,500,000.
- Antonio Villaraigosa, mayor of Los Angeles (2005-) and former speaker of the California State Assembly
- Daddy Kev, acclaimed music producer and engineer
- BJ Gallagher, author of the international best-seller, A Peacock in the Land of Penguins, and 12 other books
- Patt Morrison, Los Angeles Times columnist
- Jay Oliver, Noted Jazz Musician
- Jack Smith, author and Los Angeles Times columnist
- Guy Hendrix Dyas, film production designer whose credits include Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, Superman Returns, and X2
- Derek McCants, film editor
- Gloria Molina, Los Angeles County Supervisor
- Ed Reyes, Los Angeles City Councilman for council district 1
- Dorothy Gaspar, World renowned master glove maker/designer
- Wendel Eckford, Noted historian, professor of U.S. & African-American history
- Edmund B. McCormick, architect noted for pueblo-style eco-homes
- Mike Galaxy, Los Angeles Music Promoter and Indy Hits founder
- Edmund F. Raspa III, architect, father, debonair 70s man of style
- Tribal Tats., international recording artists
- Matthew Roxx, Rock Musician (Axehammer), (Dreams of Damnation)
- Macha Suzuki, emerging Los Angeles artist