is a city in Marshall County
, West Virginia
, along the Ohio River
. It is part of the Wheeling Metropolitan Statistical Area
. The population was 9,998 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat
of Marshall County
. The city was named for the Grave Creek Mound
. Moundsville was settled in 1771 by Samuel & James Tomlinson. (Elizabethtown, as Tomlinson's community was called, was incorporated in 1830. Nearby, the town of Mound City was incorporated in 1832. The two towns combined in 1865.) Fostoria Glass Company (specializing in hand blown glassworks) was headquartered in Moundsville from 1891 to 1986. The retired West Virginia State Penitentiary
operated in Moundsville from 1867 to 1995.
Moundsville is located at (39.921490, -80.739368).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.7 km²), of which, 2.9 square miles (7.6 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it (12.50%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 9,998 people, 4,122 households, and 2,662 families residing in the city. The population density
was 3,399.0 people per square mile (1,313.0/km²). There were 4,461 housing units at an average density of 1,516.6/sq mi (585.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.13% White
, 0.73% African American
, 0.13% Native American
, 0.30% Asian
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.10% from other races
, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.16% of the population.
There were 4,122 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,107, and the median income for a family was $30,534. Males had a median income of $26,242 versus $19,348 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,997. About 18.1% of families and 22.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.2% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.