Earthen mound in the form of a bird or animal (e.g, bear, deer, turtle, buffalo), found in the northern central U.S., especially the Ohio River valley. Little is known of the effigy mounds except that most were burial sites. The culture that produced them dates from AD 300 to the mid-17th century. Seealso Hopewell culture.
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Most notable ancient Indian culture of east-central North America. It flourished circa 200 BC–AD 500, chiefly in the Illinois and Ohio river valleys. (The name derives from a U.S. farm where the first site was explored.) The Hopewell Indians built earthen mounds for enclosure, burial, religious rites, and defense. Hopewell villages lay along rivers and streams. The inhabitants raised corn and possibly beans and squash but still relied upon hunting and gathering. They produced pottery and metalwork. Trade routes were evidently well developed. After AD 400 the distinctive features of the Hopewell culture gradually disappeared. Seealso Woodland culture.
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50.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 100.0% were married couples living together, and 0.0% were non-families. No households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the village the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 50.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was in excess of $200,000, as is the median income for a family. Males and females have a median income over $100,000. The per capita income for the village was $92,200. There are 33.3% of families living below the poverty line and 50.0% of the population, including 50.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64