Dwarka is a sub city, located in the South West Delhi district of National Capital Territory of Delhi.
It was known as Pappan Kalan in the history and now it is being developed under the 'Urban Expansion Projects' of the Delhi Development Authority. The largest residential Area in Asia, it is supposed to have a "Zero Tolerance" policy towards common misuses of land and the transgressions of any existing laws and regulations which are frequently thought to be flouted in other parts of Delhi. It is also frequently referred to as the "Model Township".
- The sub-city is located towards South-West Delhi in the vicinity of International and Domestic airports.
- It is bounded by NH-8, Outer Ring Road, Najafgarh road, Pankha road, and Rewari railway line.
- West End, Vasant Kunj, Vasant Vihar, Janakpuri residential area and Delhi cantonment are the other major surrounding landmarks.
- Short distance from Gurgaon.
- The sub city is well connected by metro rail with the city center and other major parts of the city by MRTS. The work on connection with Connaught Place / ITO is now complete. There are a total of 8 metro stations in Dwarka & 2 under construction (the highest for any colony).
- The sub city will be connected to the mother city 4 major roads from all directions.
- Northern Approach - A 45 m wide road connecting Pankha road partly by covering Palam drain - Work completed and road opened for public in 2007.
- Western Approach - A 60 m wide road connecting Najafgarh road - road already constructed.
- Eastern Approach - A 45 m wide road through Cantonment area with a fly-over near Palam - fly over and road open for public in 2006.
- South Eastern Approach- A 60 m wide road from NH-8 (with a rail underpass) - road already constructed.
- Dwarka is expected to be connected to Gurgaon by metro in the near future due to its close proximity to the NCR town.
Population and Area
- Population - 10 lakhs.
- Total area - 5648 ha.
- Area (Phase - I) - 1964 ha.
- Area (Phase - II) - 1996 ha.
- Existing built up - 1688 ha.
- Dwarka project is planned with 29 sectors.
- The land use distribution of Dwarka follows a distinct hierarchical pattern from sub-city level to sector level. The land use distribution is an under:
- The sub-city provides housing for about 5 lakhs families. The majority of whom have not yet been able to move into their flats because of impending court orders which have so far failed to give relief to the thousands of people who are still stranded as a result of a C.G.H.S scam. Some however have pointed towards a "Builders Lobby" around the NCR region which they claim has intentionally tried to blockade court orders which would allow people to move in to Dwarka as a way to maintain demand for housing in the adjoining areas of Delhi, particularly Gurgaon, Noida and Ghaziabad and other areas of Delhi.
- Co-operative Group housing forms a major component of housing type in Dwarka.
- Each of the residential sector has been envisaged to be self contained communities and has been designed for a population of about 30,000 each.
- Area of each sector is about 81 ha. (900 m x 900 m)
- Each sector is bounded on all sides by arterial roads of 45 m and 60 m.wide
- From arterial roads only 4 entries have been taken into the sector at a minimum distance of 450 m.
- A network of cycle tracks and pedestrian pathways has been proposed within each sector which link the housing clusters and their facilities within each sector.
- All sectors are proposed to have a mix of housing of various socio-economic groups. Though owing to the crime rate, which the local police has had little success in combating despite the number of police stations, it has been observed that only housing schemes of the middle upper income groups be given preference too.
- sector 16b and 17a are boosting very much as the area is coming up with campus/university/law college(sewa-raj )
- The commercial hub of the city will be developed along the proposed Metro Railway line (MRTS) in a linear form.
- Presently the commercial zone in dwarka consists of two major markets. There is the Sector 6 / 10 market and then there is the ashirwad chowk - which is the juncture of sectors 12 , 11, 4 & 5.
- The entire commercial spine is connected to different sectors of Dwarka by 60 m and 45 m roads, which are the major bus routes.
- The location of the district center is of special significance, since this will be the major work and commercial center in Dwarka.
- Dwarka however lacks well behind in terms of commercial infrastructure and business investments compared to other NCR towns like Gurgaon and Noida. Gurgaon and Noida both known as prominent outsourcing hubs in contrast have attracted a large number of malti national companies to set up offices in its township vastly transforming its skyline in a span years.
The sub-city has been planned for an environment of convenience which contains essential facilities and services at different levels namely health, education, safety and security, cultural, and communication etc. Drinking and potable water is a big problem, as Delhi Jal Board and DDA has creted a mess of water distribution though the situation is still considered to be better than in other NCR towns like Gurgaon or Noida.
- The Landscape concept of Dwarka evolves a system of open spaces which have the potential to develop into a landscape with distinctive visual qualities, fulfilling the required ecological and recreational functions.
- The location and alignment of existing landscape features have been used to structure the development.
- Advantage has been taken of topographic assets such as the natural drainage as well as major city level open spaces along these corridors, integrating existing landscape and new development.
- Essentially the proposed landscape comprises the following interlinked but hierarchical distinct components.
- The informal naturalistic component along Najafgarh drain, serving a regional recreation function.
- The more formal and organized component serving as a local space system on the East-west drainage corridors.
- The open space system within the sectors and neighborhood.
- About 35% of Dwarka has been earmarked for green space development
- Metro based system will be the major mover of the people within core area.
- 10 Metro stations in the Dwarka sub-city. 2 stations are under construction and metro is running in 8 stations.
- Bus based public transport system will also be the primary mode of transportation of the people in Dwarka.
- Inter-state-bus terminal(I.S.B.T) has been planned near Sector-23.
- The basic road network has been planned both to supplement and compliment the metro based system.
- Cycle tracks and pedestrian pathways passing through green areas have been proposed.
- Major DTC Bus Routes operating in and out of Dwarka are 578, 764, 717, 721, 722, 724E, 752, 761, 778, 801, RL-75, RL-77, RL-79 etc. In addition to this their are other DTC Buses operating with lower frequencies.
- DTC Bus Route no. 764 - the most frequent bus service to Dwarka is for last few months under constant scrutiny due to the poor condition of 764 buses, overcrowding of the blue line buses, longer route through Palam Village and negligence by the government to start High Capacity Low Floor Green/ Red AC buses on the route.
== Upcoming Projects ==
The upcoming projects in Dwarka include:
- Delhi's 5th and largest ISBT at Sector 23.
- 7 Sports Complexes have been planned in the sub city, of which 1 has been constructed by DDA and is fully functional.
- India's largest Exhibition and Convention Center to be built by DLF in Sector 24 by 2010.
- New Delhi's second diplomatic enclave after Chanakya Puri to come up in Sector 26,27,28,29, The diplomatic enclave will house embassies of at least 39 nations.
- Several 5 and 7 star hotels have also been planned across the sub city. Most likely to come up before the Commonwealth Games in 2010.