Definitions

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List of camouflage patterns

Here is a comprehensive list of military camouflage patterns used in battledress.

The list is ordered by continent and country of origin, with other users listed in a separate column. The list includes current issue and past issue patterns; users include armed forces, paramilitary forces, gendarmeries, police forces, firefighting forces, search and rescue units, as well as other security forces, counter-insurgency / counter-terrorism forces and other emergency services.

Africa

Africa A-M

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) National Armed Forces of Algeria Similar to Safariflage DPM
Central European pattern French Para-style uniform France
French Lizard pattern Benin Armed Forces French Para-style uniform France
Ragged Stripe
French Lizard pattern Cameroon Army extact cut & pattern of French lizard F2 uniform. France
Lime British DPM green-dominant of British DPM pattern Kenya
(Ivory Coast)
US Woodland
National Armed Forces of Côte d'Ivoire (FANCI) Black "FANCI" letters printed all over 4-color woodland background
Universal Camouflage Pattern (ACU) New Forces(FAFN) Honor Guards same as ACUPAT digital camo pattern Chile, Cyprus, United States 2007
US 3-Color Desert
Six-Color Desert Pattern "Chocolate-chip horizontal camouflage"
Central European pattern
Scrambled Egg There are two versions of this pattern: one sparse, one dense. It has branching shapes surrounding an occasional oval.
Rocks/Sand Reversible The "Rocks" side of this is extremely reminiscent of German SS Oak Tree pattern, and the "Sand" side has rather dark large blobs over a yellow-khaki background. Somalia, Sudan
Central European pattern

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
French Central European pattern Gabonese Army Exact cut & pattern of French lizard F2 uniform. France
Gendarmerie 2-color Camouflage Gabonese Gendarmerie Purple/Grey variant of Central European pattern
Gabonese 3-Color Arid Camouflage Gabonese National Police Sand/brown/green variant of Central European pattern
British DPM

US Woodland
Currently by the Ghanaian Army
Woodland Digital Camouflage Guinean Gendarmerie Very similar to USMC Woodland MARPAT pattern 2007-present
Portuguese DPM pattern Guinea-Bissau People's Revolutionary Armed Force (FARP)
4-Colour Semi-Arid Kenyan peacekeeping troops in Sierra Leone Adopted by Malawi, Zambia
DPM Currently by the Kenyan Army
Greyish Lime DPM Currently by the Kenyan Navy

US Woodland
Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) United States
Four-Colour Semi-Arid

US Woodland
current issue of Malian Army Similar to US Woodland (early 80s)
Portuguese Lizard pattern
Semi-Arid Lizard pattern Mozambiquan peacekeeping troops Afghan Northern Alliance

Africa N-Z

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used

US Woodland
Central European pattern

US Woodland
Six-Color Desert Pattern "Chocolate-chip camouflage"

US Woodland
Blue DPM pattern Senegalese Gendarmerie

US Woodland
Current issue of Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF)
British DPM pattern Briefly used by RSLAF
Soldier 2000 South African National Defence Force In service with the SANDF since 1995
South African Police 1st Pattern In service 1968–1995
South African Police 2nd Pattern In service 1976–1995
32 Battalion pattern A Lizard-type pattern used uniquely by the 32 Batt. unit meant to make their soldiers look more like their opponents in behind-the-lines operations
Railway Police Pattern South African Railway Police (SARP) A print of 32 Battalion pattern in very dark brown tones before 1986 when SARP disbanded.

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
US Six-Color Desert Pattern "Chocolate-chip camouflage"
US 3-color Desert
Purple DPM Sudan Police Force
British DPM pattern Currently by the Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force
British DPM pattern Currently the Tanzanian People's Defence Force (JWTZ)
French Lizard pattern Togo National Defense Forces extact cut & pattern of French lizard F2 uniform.
Blue Digital Camouflage Togolese Gendarmerie First seen in a military parade (23 September 2007)

US Woodland
Four-Colour Semi-Arid
"Splash" or "brush" pattern Zimbabwe uses the same pattern made famous and ubiquitous by Rhodesia until its rebirth as Zimbabwe. The pattern is descendant from the pattern of the British Denison Smock.

Africa Others

Countries that are using or have used variations of the Lizard pattern (originated from )
Camouflage pattern Used by Other user(s)
Brown Lizard Zambia
Desert Lizard Cameroon
Red Vertical Lizard Egypt Syria
Three-Color Lizard Cameroon, Chad
Vertical Lizard Angola, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda Brazil, Portugal, Singapore

Asia

Asia A-M

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Semi-Arid Lizard pattern Afghanistan UIF Northern Alliance Mozambique Used during the Afghan Civil War (1996-2001)

US Woodland
Currently by the Afghan National Army United States 2003-present
Arid Digital Camouflage Afghanistan Special Narcotics Force (ASNF) The pattern is very similar to Arid CADPAT. Canada, Kuwait
Woodland Digital Camouflage Briefly used by the Counter Narcotic Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) Same as USMC MARPAT camo pattern Bosnia, Cyprus, Dominica, Ecuador, Georgia, Greece, United States
Six-Color Desert Pattern Afghanistan Border Police The pattern is light gray chocolate-chip camouflage which also commonly known as "Saudi Desert Camo" Kuwait, Saudi Arabia 2008-present
British DPM currently by Royal Brunei Armed Forces UK
DPM pattern Currently issued to the Royal Cambodian Army and the Royal Gendarmerie

US Woodland
The High Command of Royal Cambodian Armed Forces United States
Bleeding Vines pattern Briefly used by Cambodian Army Para Commandos Indonesia
(PRC) Seaweed
Type 81
Type 87 Plateau Camouflage PLA Army Used for northern temperate woodlands & arid terrains during fall/winter seasons 1987 - early 1990s
Type 99 Woodland Camouflage PLA Army, Air Force, Regional Militia Corps North Korea, and some African countries
Type 99 4-color Oceanic Pattern PLAN Marine Corps Blue variant of Type 99 camo pattern 2003-present
Type 99 4-color Urban Pattern PLAAF Airborne Corps urban variant of Type 99 camo pattern 1999-2005

Type 99 4-color US Woodland Pattern
PLA Second Artillery Corps(strategic missile forces) Based on US M81 Woodland. Also, known as "2nd Artillery Camo" present
US Six-Color Desert Pattern CAPF Special Police Group, PLA Air Force and PLA Army Special Forces "Chocolate-chip camouflage"
Army Special Forces Hot Climate short-sleeve uniform Army Officers of PLA Special Forces Similar to US ERDL camo Used for LRRP in Chinese tropical terrain during the 1990s
Coastal Defense Camouflage PLAN Coastal Defense Force, pilots of PLA Naval Aviation Based on PLA oceanic camo, but with rust color
Experimental PLA Woodland Flecktarn Camouflage Shortly tested by PLA Border Defense units in the northmost area of the China-Russia border such as Heilongjiang and Mohe Similar to Japan's Type II camo Germany, Japan During the early 2000s
(China continued below)

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(PRC) Type 02 Green Central European Camouflage Chinese PLA team at "Erna Raid 2002" Also called "Erna Camo". Copy of the French Central European F2 cut and camo in green dominant. France solely used by the China PLA team during Estonia's annual international military competition "Erna Raid" in 2002
Type 03 Plateau Camouflage PLA Tibetan Garrison Troops, PLA Army Beijing Military Region Also called as "'Tibetan Flecktarn'". It is a brown-dominant camo which is used for the Tibetan Plateau and the Beijing Military Region 2003-present
Type 03 Snow Camouflage Hooded Cape PLA Army border defense units The pattern consists of brown spruces on a white background, and is used with the Type 03 Plateau Camouflage uniform for alpine ops in winter 2003-present
Type 04 Special Force DPM Camouflage PLA Army recce & special forces, PLA Hong Kong Garrison Force Also called "Hunter Camo", and is very good in southern Chinese terrain. The pattern is similar to Philippine's Army 2000 pattern. Philippines 2004-present
Lime ERDL pattern Solely used by the PLA Army HQ commissioned officers and staff members Used during China-Russia Joint Military Exercises in 2005 and 2006
Type 07 Digital Camouflage, Transitional PLA troops during the China-Russia Joint Military Exercises in 2007. Due to production delay, it is being taken place temporarily until the real Type 07 will be deployed in mid-2008. This transitional uniform is almost identical to the real Type 07 Digital Camo uniform, but with lighter fabric and shoulder straps. It is only available in woodland and arid colors. 2007-2008
(Real) Type 07 Digital Camouflage, woodland, arid, urban, and ocean variants PLA Army, Navy, Air Force, & Marine Corps First digital camouflage used by the PLA Colombia Confirmed in 2007, to be deployed in 2008
Type 87 Armed Police Camouflage China Armed Police Force Issued before 1998
Type 01 Armed Police Combat & Training Uniform China Armed Police Force Replaced the Type 87 Armed Police camo in order to distinguish them from PLA. 1998-2005
Type 87 Armed Police Bright Orange Pattern CAPF Forestry Firefighters Also known as "Flame Camo", this pattern is based on the Type 87 Armed Police Camo, but with new 4-color pattern (dark green, maroon and magenta on bright orange). Although local wildland firefighters across the country prefer uniforms in solid bright orange, there is still another yellow variant (yellow, maroon and magenta on bright orange) commercially-altered by wildland firefighting vendors to fit local civilian markets. 2005-present
Type 05 Armed Police Digital Camouflage China Armed Police Force First digital camo officially adopted in China by the China Armed Police Force 2005-present
Type 07 Armed Police Digital Camouflage China Armed Police Force It is modified from Type 05 pattern combat dress with the pleated action back, Velcro-backed attachment for chest patch, collar rank insignia, and flap of all pockets. The front closure of shirt is zippered and reinforced with Velcro. Trouser has two thigh storage pockets. 2008-present
Type 07 Armed Police Digital Camouflage - Bright Orange Pattern CAPF Firefighters This pattern is based on Type 07 Armed Police Digital Camo, but in new 4-color pattern (dark green, maroon and magenta on bright orange) for fire rescue personnel. It's firstly seen at 2008 Panzhihua earthquake relief mission on 30 Aug 2008. 2008-present

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(HKSAR) British DPM pattern Royal Hong Kong Regiment(disbanded in 1995), HK Police, Hong Kong Adventure Corps Firstly used by the Royal Hong Kong Police Special Boat Unit in 1980, and then introduced to other police field units, including the elite Special Duties Unit Brunei, Singapore, UK 1980-present
British Soldier 95 (S95) DPM pattern Lately adopted by Hong Kong Police Force border patrol S95 color and pattern adopted, but still styled in the cut of British No.9 tropical combat dress mid 2000s-present
ERDL pattern HK Police Quick Reaction Force (QRF) Based on US ERDL Transitional (early 80s) pattern. Recently used on the Quick Reaction Force's cold-weather Goretex field jackets
08 Camouflage India Armed Forces It is being developed by HyperStealth. coming soon
Cactus
Palm Frond A development on the style of the print pattern of the British Denison Smock
US 3-Colour Desert
Duck Hunter Spot Pasukan Gerak Cepat/PGT Early 1960s
Indonesian vine leaf camouflage Army Strategic Reserve Command (KOSTRAD) 1960-1970
KOSTRAD camouflage Army Strategic Reserve Command (KOSTRAD) 1970-1986
Bleeding vines 1st variant Indonesia Special Forces (KOPASUS) a four-colour design of vertically-aligned medium green, purple and red elements on a pale green background 1964-1990
Bleeding vines 2nd variant Indonesia Special Forces (KOPASUS) Cambodia 1990-present
Woodland Digital Camouflage Shortly used by Indonesian Army Raiders Battalions (RAIDERS) It is basically a digitalised version of the TNI-AN DPM 2003
Indonesian DPM Indonesian Armed Forces 1986-1989
TNI-AN DPM Indonesian Armed Forces A copy of the British 1984 DPM pattern with some colour and sape variations 1989-present
Type I, Camouflage Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) 1st Airbone Brigade, JGSDF Air Defense Artillery Groups Also known as "Old Camo" or "Airborne Camo", it is the first camo scheme adopted by Japan after WWII. It is based on Hokkaido's wilderness. 1970s-1990s
Type II, Flecktarn camouflage Currently used by the JGSDF, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and Japan National Defense Academy cadets This is the second camo scheme based on the countryside of Japan 1991-present
Type II, brown-dominant winter pattern JGSDF Darker contrast on Type II Flecktarn camo to fit the color of winter plants. Used on JGSDF Type-2 Camouflage Cold Weather Field Parka and Trousers. 1991-present
Type III, Flecktarn camouflage newly adopted by the JGSDF It is modified from Type II pattern with 50% cotton/50% polyster fabric and the change of front closure, mandarin collar, velcro cuffs, and trouser's knee pad. 2007-present
Snow White Camouflage Uniform JGSDF Designed for warmth and protection down to -30°C temperature on snow fields 1991-present
JASDF Camouflage Japan Air Self-Defense Force Similar to JGSDF Type I camo, but with darker contrast 1988-present
JASDF Desert Camouflage, 5-color chocolate-chip Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) Based on US Chocolate-chip camo, but without white spots 1991-present

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Russian Green Les 4-color Woodland pattern Newly used by Kazakhstan Armed Forces Russia
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Currently by the Kazakhstan Armed Forces "Greyish Brown Chocolate-chip camouflage"
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Kazakhstan Army special airborne forces "Blue-dominant Chocolate-chip camouflage"
Tiger Stripe Woodland pattern Currently by Malaysian Army Black stripes on a 4-color woodland background
Tiger-stripe 3-color Desert pattern Malaysian peacekeeping troops Earth-brown stripes on a light green and sand-colored background First seen during UN mission in Lebanon, 2007
British DPM pattern Malaysian Army used on waterproof smock and trousers
Subdued Woodland pattern Newly adopted by the Royal Malaysian Police Force
Blue 4-color Lizard pattern Previously used by the Royal Malaysian Police General Operations Force (PGA)
Bomba pattern Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department A pattern consisting of grey, black and day-glo stripes (bright red)
(Unknown name) A pattern based on the style of the pattern of the British Denison Smock, featuring palm-frond-like shapes
Brown 4-Color Arid Camouflage Mongolian Armed Forces
Woodland 4-color ERDL-style pattern Myanmar Army
Arid 4-color ERDL-style pattern Myanmar Air Force
Blueish 4-color ERDL-style pattern Myanmar Navy

Asia N-Z

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Swirl
Nepalese 4-Color Camouflage Current issue of Nepal Army Very similar to the Japan Type I camo
Blue DPM pattern Nepalese Police Before 2006
Light Blue Greyish Woodland' Currently by the Nepalese Police Force
Arid Camouflage Pakistan Army

US Woodland
Pakistan Army Special Services Group, Pakistan Navy
British DPM pattern Pakistan Army Special Services Group A Denison Smock type jacket
Six-Color Desert Pattern Pakistan Paramilitary Forces "Chocolate-chip camouflage" Iraq, Oman, South Korea, United States
Three-Colour Desert Chile, El Salvador, Hungary, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands, UAE, United States
Two Colour Desert
Army 2000 Subdued DPM Philippine Army and Philippine Air Force Introduced in 1998, fully adopted since 2001
Marines 2000 Subdued Woodland Leaf Philippine Marine Corps
Reddish Sparse Tigerstripe Philippine Naval Special Warfare Group SEALs
SAF Digital Camouflage PNP Special Action Force It is a digital pattern consisting of grey, green, dark green, brown and black 2006-present
Pink Choco Chip PNP Special Action Force Until 2006
PSG Urban Bricks Presidential Security Group (PSG) a four-colour urban design, containing hard-edged blocks of black, dark grey, medium grey and white. However, its main purpose was not to conceal PSG soldiers, but to distinguish them from the rebels. 2001-present
PSG Arid Bricks Presidential Security Group (PSG)
Six-Color Desert Pattern Philippine Coast Guard K-9 units "Light Grey Chocolate-chip camouflage" Saudi Arabia 2007-present
Oman DPM pattern Philippine Coast Guard K-9 units Oman Until 2005
Blue Brown DPM pattern Philippine National Police(PNP)
(ROS) 1975 ERDL pattern Before 1990s
1990 ERDL pattern Singapore Armed Forces In 1990, the background color was changed from light brown to light green and the chest pockets on No.4 uniform changed from slant pockets to horizontal pockets Taiwan 1990s-present
Woodland Digital Camouflage Singapore Armed Forces Revealed by SAF "Building Our 3rd Generation Army" promo materials which contains pictures of SAF soldiers in what appears to be a new No. 4 uniform in digital camo scheme. coming soon
US 3-color Desert Singapore Armed Forces on Iraqi and Afghan mission present
Desert Tigerstripe Singaporean Army engineering detachments and medical team under the command of New Zealand Defence Force's (NZDF) Provincial Reconstruction Team in Bamiyan, Afghanistan. Iraq, UK, United States May-Nov 2008
British DPM pattern Singapore Police Force Gurkha Contingent

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(ROK) Duck Hunter camo several variants 1950s-1960s
Eggshell
Tigerstripe ROK Army, ROK Marine Corps During the Vietnam War
Geometric Turtle Shell pattern Airborne Battalions of ROK Marine Corps Palestine (1970s) Issued before the first disbandment by presidential order (Chun Doo-Hwan, 1980-1988) in 1980
Swirl Angola, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Iraq, Libya, Nepal, Peru
ROK Woodland ROK Army, ROK Marine Corps Based on US Woodland but with brighter tone, and currently issued 1997-present
Woodland Digital Camouflage ROK Army 2006-present

US Woodland
ROK Navy UDT/SEAL, ROK Marine Corps, KATUSA present
Six-Color Desert Pattern ROK Troops during Gulf War (1990-91), ROK Marine Corps on OIF mission 3 variants of "Chocolate-chip camouflage" developed during the period Iraq, Saudi Arabia, United States 1980s-2003
US 3-Color Desert tested by ROK Troops on the early phase of Iraq deployment variant of US 3-color desert but in the cut of ROK combat uniform. First seen at press conference held by ROK Defense Ministry on 24Dec2003.
ROK 3-Color Desert ROK Troops on Iraq depolyment 2004-present
Urban Camouflage undershirt ROK Air Force groundcrews Grey variant of ROK camo present
Universal Camouflage Pattern (ACU) KATUSA of ROK Army Exact issue of US Army ACU Chile, Cyprus, Côte d'Ivoire's FAFN, United States 2006-present
British DPM pattern Sri Lankan Police Special Task Force

US Woodland
Currently by the Sri Lankan Army
Blue 4-color Woodland Sri Lankan Air Force
Tamil Tigerstripe pattern Ground & Sea forces of Tamil Tigers separatist militant groups Not in any way related to the Tigerstripe patterns developed during the Vietnam War. Horizontal, non-overlapping, non-interlocking brown and green stripes over a lighter fabric color.
Tamil Tigerstripe Light Blue variant The Tamil Tigers air commandos "Black Tigers"

Country/Territory Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(ROC) Duck Hunter Camo ROC Army Mountain Warfare Training South Korea, South Vietnam, United States late1960s-early1970s
Air Force ERDL yellow-dominant pattern ROC Air Force 1990s
Geometric pattern helmet cover ROC Army soldiers during combat exercises Nickname "Buddha Ji Gong" helmet 1980s-1990s
Army Tigerstripe ROC Army Airborne units Also known as "Chicken Claw" or "Chu Yeh Chuing (Trimeresurus)" South Vietnam, United States 1970s
Red Sparse Tigerstripe ROC Army Airborne units Also available in yellowish, and greenish variants. The pattern was similar to ROCMC green tigerstripe camo. 1980s-Early 1990s
ERDL pattern vertical ROC Army, ROC Air Force 1990s
ERDL pattern horizontal Currently issued to ROC Armed Forces Lime and brown dominants, also known as "South China Camouflage" 1990s-present
US 4-color Urban Camouflage ROC Army Special Service Company early 2000s
Experimental Digital Camouflage As the major uniform contractor for the ROC military, Universal Joint International Ltd proactively developed and proposed it to the ROC Army (ROCA), but turned down with the reason that developing digital camouflage is not a "Strategic Priority" for the ROC Armed Forces Developed and proposed in 2006
Woodland Digital Camouflage ROC Army First digital camouflage scheme adopted by the army First seen during the ROC National Day Parade 2007
Urban Digital Camouflage ROC Army First digital camouflage scheme adopted by the army First seen during the ROC National Day Parade 2007
Realtree Camouflage ROC Marine Corps combat snipers 2007-present
Green Tigerstripe ROC Marine Corps 1970s-1990s
Subdued Shadow Tigerstripe ROC Marine Corps 2000s
MultiCam ROC National Police SWAT (Wei-An Force) at SWAT World Challenge 2006 solely used by the Taiwan SWAT team during the competition
Thai Woodland Digital Camouflage Royal Thai Army, Thai Navy, Thai Air Force pixilated pattern on current issue of RTA woodland camouflage Late 2007-present
Green ERDL Woodland pattern Currently by the Royal Thai Army Based on US Woodland but pattern size reduced

1997-present
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Royal Thai Army on OIF mission in Iraq "Chocolate-chip camouflage" 2003-present

US Woodland
Royal Thai Marine Corps, Royal Thai Navy SEAL teams, and Royal Thai Air Force
Tigerstripe Thai Border Patrol Police

Country/Territory Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(East Timor) Indonesian DPM pattern previously by Timor-Leste Defense Force (F-FDTL) 2001-mid2007
French Lizard pattern Currently by the F-FDTL as a part of "Force 2020" development plan 6/2007-present
Woodland Digital Camouflage Worn by East Timorese rebel leader Maj. Alfredo Reinado Very similar to woodland MARPAT Worn by Reinado in November 2007
(South Vietnam, 1955–1975) Bamboo Leaf
Beo Gam Also called "Leopard spot" or "Duckhunter's pattern"; it is a US commercial pattern
National Police pattern A print in 4 colors of brown very similar, but not identical in form, to US "Clouds" pattern on reverse of US "Oak Leaf" pattern Also used by ethnic Khmer combatants in South Vietnam, as they were forbidden to wear "military" patterns (this was an alternate "police" pattern, which was more acceptable)
Denison Smock style Airborne pattern Seen in Military Illustrated, February 1988
ERDL Airborne pattern A pigment reprint of US ERDL pattern
Tigerstripe Originated with the use by the RVN Marines, spread later to other formations in many different iterations
(Vietnam, 1976-present) Tigerstripe with Palm Leaf

Asia Others

Countries that are using or have used variations of the Tigerstripe patterns developed during the Vietnam War
Camouflage pattern Used by
Shadow Tigerstripe Thailand
Silver Sparse Tigerstripe Vietnam

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Years used
(PRC) China Type 04 Digital Camouflage (Woodland, Lighter Arid, and Darker Arid variants) Civilians and non-military A pattern commercially mimicked by some Chinese local clothing manufacturers (e.g. 3545th Factory) and falsely claimed as the Special Forces issue of the PLA. In fact, no such Type 04 camouflage was ever catalogued by the PLA. 2004
PLA Semi-Arid Lizard Camouflage PLA infantry recon unit featured in 2006 Chinese TV drama "Shi Bing Tu Ji (Soldiers Sortie)" Same as Semi-Arid Lizard camo used by Afghan Northern Alliance & Mozambique. A fictional battledress used by a group of PLA army recon troopers in the Chinese primetime TV military drama "Shi Bing Tu Ji (Soldiers Sortie)". The program was firstly aired in mainland China on the Shaanxi TV Station. Late 2006
(ROC) ROC (Taiwan) Temperate Digital Camouflage Airsoft players Based on the CADPAT TW pattern, printed on BDU-style uniforms and commercially made by a local textile manufacturer for the Taiwanese airsoft market 2004

Middle East

Middle East A-M

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Desert DPM pattern Currently by Bahrain Defense Force Same as the initial version of British 2-color desert DPM pattern UK present

US Woodland
Standard issue of Iranian Army
Safariflage DPM pattern Iranian Army 65th Airborne Special Forces Brigade the "Green Berets"
Safari sand-dominant DPM pattern Iranian Army 23rd Commando Division
Duck Hunter pattern Iranian Army Mountain Division Similar to desert AUSCAM
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Iran Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC) Naval Commandos
Six-Color Desert Pattern, "Purple chocolate-chip camo" Iranian Navy Marine Corps
Blue Cloud Horizontal pattern Iranian Air Force
(post-Saddam)
Four-color Amoeba pattern Briefly used by Iraq Civil Defense Corps (ICDC) Kuwait 2003-2004
Desert Digital Camouflage newly adopted by Iraqi National Army New desert pattern in ACU-style uniform 2008-present
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Widely used by Iraqi Armed Forces As this has been phased-out by all US forces, the pattern serves to identify and differentiate Iraqi forces from US forces 2003-present
US 3-color Desert Briefly used by the Iraq Army and also used by Kurdish security forces

US Woodland
Briefly used by the Iraq Army and the Iraqi National Police
Special Force Camouflage Iraqi Army Special Operation Forces 2006-present
National Police Digital Camouflage Iraqi National Police Designed by the US Military 2006-present
Greyish Blue 4-color DPM pattern Issued to police force (trained by British troops since 2003) in Basra province of southeastern Iraq Jordan, Lebanon
Six-Color Desert Pattern used at new Kirkuk Military Training Base "Light Green/Brown Chocolate-chip camouflage" 2004
Jordanian KA2 desert digital camouflage Briefly used by Iraq Army commandos and Kurdish security forces Jordan
Desert Tigerstripe Briefly used by Iraq Army commandos Singapore, UK, United States

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Bush Land Camouflage Helmet Cover Currently by IDF infantry soldiers Available in regular helmet cover as well as Reversible "Mitznefet" (Clown Hat) net 2006-present
French Lizard Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Para-style and standard combatdresses which were bargain surplus provided by France during 1956-1967. France Briefly used between the late 1960s and late 1970s
US Six-Color Desert Pattern previously used by Jordanian Armed Forces before 2006

US Woodland
previously used by Jordanian Armed Forces before 2006
Urban Grey DPM pattern previously used by Jordanian Public Security Directorate police force Iraq, Lebanon before 2006
General Desert KA2 digital camouflage Royal Jordanian Land Force, Royal Jordanian Air Force The dark red/brown color scheme which dominates much of Jordan's landscape. Pixelated pattern developed by HyperStealth Iraq 2005-present
Royal Guard KA2 digital camouflage Royal Guard of Jordanian 2005-present
Special Force KA2 digital camouflage Royal Jordanian Army Special Forces 2005-present
Deep Blue KA2 digital camouflage Royal Jordanian Naval Force 2005-present
Urban KA2 digital camouflage Jordanian Public Security Directorate police force 2005-present
Blue Grey KA2 digital camouflage Jordanian Civil Defense Directorate fire & rescue services The color combination of police urban KA2 and Navy's Deep Blue KA2. 2006-present
Customs Department Desert KA2 digital camouflage Anti-Smuggling Division of Jordanian Customs The borders of Jordan typically have a lighter desert background and thus this color scheme is ideal for these regions, as Jordan Customs is also responsible for Anti-Smuggling where this camouflage becomes very important. 2006-present
Urban Night KA2 digital camouflage Jordanian Army Counter Terrorism Battalion 71 (CTB-71) HyperStealth is developing new camouflage patterns for the Jordanian Counter Terrorism Battalion 71 in urban & night settings. Not yet released
MultiCam Jordanian Army Special Operations Force Snipers Firstly spotted at the opening of the Special Operations Forces Exhibition (SOFEX) on 1Apr08 near Amman, Jordan. Chad, Poland(Suez pattern), Taiwan, United States 2008-present
Two-color Amoeba pattern
US 3-colour Desert Kuwaiti Army
Desert digital camouflage Newly used by Kuwaiti Army The pattern is very similar to Arid CADPAT. Afghanistan, Canada 2007-present
Four-color Amoeba pattern Kuwait National Guards Iraq
Six-Color Desert Pattern Kuwaiti Police Services "Light Gray Barbedwire camouflage"
Subdued Blue DPM Kuwaiti Police Special Security Force Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon
Yellow DPM The security unit of the Kuwait National Assembly

US Woodland
Lebanese Armed Forces
Airborne Digital Camouflage Lebanese Airborne Regiment 2008-present
Greyish Blue 4-color DPM Lebanese Internal Security Forces Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait
Desert Digital Camouflage Shiite Muslims Hezbollah militants Similar to desert MARPAT pattern seen on leader Abbas Mussawi memorials (22 Feb 2008).

Middle East N-Z

Country/territory Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(PNA) Subdued Blue DPM Palestinian (Hamas) security forces

US Woodland
Palestinian security forces
''US 3-color Desert Royal Saudi Arabian Armed Forces early2000s-present
Six-Color Desert Pattern previously by Royal Saudi Arabian Armed Forces "Chocolate-chip horizontal camouflage" 1990s
Six-Color Desert Pattern Saudi Arabian Marine Corps "Light Gray Chocolate-chip camouflage", also known as "Saudi Arabian Desert Camo" Afghanistan 1980s
Grey 3-color Desert Currently by Saudi Arabian Security Forces Grey variant of US 3-color desert pattern 2006-present
Six-Color Desert Pattern previously by Saudi Arabian Security Forces "Grayish Green Chocolate-chip camouflage" Until 2006
Arid Brushstroke

US Woodland
Current camouflage pattern of the Syrian Army
Vertical Lizard pattern Similar to French Lizard Camouflage
(UAE) US 3-color Desert Currently by UAE Union Defense Force
Experimental DESTEX Digital Camouflage Pixelated pattern developed by HyperStealth Tested in 2006
Six-Color Desert Pattern 1990s
Thule
New Zealand DPM Currently by Yemen Army
Six-Color Desert Pattern "Dark Brown Chocolate-chip camouflage"

US Woodland
Briefly used by Yemeni Army Counter-Terrorism Unit 2007-present
US 3-color Desert
Subdued Blue DPM Currently by Yemeni Security Forces

Middle East Others

Entity Camouflage pattern Other user(s)
(a non-state entity) Blotch Syria

Countries that are using or have used variations of the Lizard pattern
Country Camouflage pattern
Dark Lizard

Europe

Europe A-F

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used

US Woodland
Punktmuster (Spotted pattern) Small spots in the style of USMC WWII Frogskin pattern. Medium brown background.
Splinter-type pattern In the style of German Marsh pattern, with rounded splotches printed on a beige background. This pattern and the Punktmuster are found together on reversible tarp/ponchos.
Moons and Balls A Denison Smock-type pattern
Brushstroke Algeria, Iraq, Malaysia, Palestinian Authority 1953-Present
Jigsaw (First Pattern) Para-Commandos A 4-color print in similar style to ERDL pattern, but with a regular, jigsaw puzzle-like appearance with tiny slivers of white edging the black parts of the pattern Burundi, Chad, Republic of Congo, Libya, Democratic Republic of Congo 1958-1963
Jigsaw (Second Pattern) Para-Commandos, Parachutists Similar to the original, first time massed produced to certain units 1989-1999
Jigsaw (Third Pattern) Naval, Air, and Ground Forces 1999-Present
Desert Jigsaw 2004-Present
Belgian Flecktarn Belgian Air Force printed with a burred edge which gives a dinstinctive 'ringed' appearance. It is further distinguished by the sustitution of rust red for the red earth color seen in German-Flecktarn. Used briefly during the early 1990s
Squiggle Splinter A Splinter-type pattern with fascinating squiggles in place of the straight "rain" part of the pattern Slovenia
Bihac Pocket

US Woodland
Woodland digital camouflage Exact pattern and cut of USMC MARPAT, but with no EGA embroidered Afghanistan, Cyprus, Dominica, Ecuador, Georgia, Greece, United States Standard issue since 2006

US Woodland
US 3-color Desert 2005-2007
Desert digital camouflage Pixelated on 3-color desert camo 2007-present

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Greek Lizard pattern Standard issue of the Cypriot National Guard Greece
Woodland Digital Camouflage Cypriot National Guards Army special force Rangers Exact pattern and cut of USMC MARPAT, but with no EGA embroidered Afghanistan, Bosnia, Dominica, Ecuador, Georgia, Greece, United States
Universal Digital Camouflage (ACU) Cypriot National Guard Rangers special operations team TEO US ACU camo on MARPAT-style uniform United States

US Woodland
Cypriot National Guard Navy underwater demolitions unit "MYK"
Mlok (Salamander) Airborne troops A striking pattern of large splotches including bright yellow. Sometimes called "Clown" pattern. Exported to Czech arms clients in the Middle East and Africa 1960s-1970s
Oblacky (Clouds)
Rain Pattern Similar to East German Rain pattern with much smaller stripes and with a subtle water-stain pattern behind the raindrops
Red desert Trial uniform with spraypaint effect on orangey base colour
"vz.95 */type 95/"
Clouds Vietnam
Green Slovakia
M/84 Current issue pattern of the Military of Denmark Based on the West German Bundeswehr-Flecktarn, but with only three colours. Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden Police 1984- present
T/96 1996-Present
T/90 1990-Present
T/78 Trial Uniform; never adopted It was never adopted but it eventually evolved into the M84 pattern. 1978
T/99 Current issue desert pattern of the Military of Denmark 2000-Present

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
US Six-Color Desert Pattern Estonian troops during the early phase of deployment in Iraq 2005
US 3-color Desert
Woodland Digital Camouflage Very similar to CADPAT
Desert Digital Camouflage Firstly adopted by Estonian forces in Afghanistan Since 2006
Danish M/84 Camouflage Briefly used by Estonian troops with the NATO Stabilization Force "SFOR" in Bosnia-Herzegovina
M05 Woodland Pattern Finnish Defence Forces Recently adopted
M05 Snow Pattern
M05 Cold Weather Pattern Mixed snow and woodland pattern.
M91 Woodland pattern in active service use, slowly being replaced by M05. From 1990s
M62 Woodland pattern available in many lighter and darker colour variations. Mostly replaced in active service by M91. From 1960s
M/04 Desert Pattern Finnish contingents in ISAF and EUFOR Chad Prototype versions designated K04A and K04B have been in operational use. First prototype version used by the UNMEE Finnish contingent in 2003.
Central European (CE) pattern Current issue of the French Armed Forces Austria, Jordan, Morocco, UAE and some African countries Since 1991
FELIN Camouflage French Armed Forces As a part of French Future Infantry Soldier System Project Developed by Sagem between 2004-2007. Confirmed in 2007, and slated to be fielded to all active infantry regiments within the French Army by 2010
Daguet 3-color Desert Camouflage French Armed Forces Desert variant of CE pattern 1991-present
Tundra 3-Color Snow Camouflage Suit French Army 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade green and pink stripes on white background, lately developed by Arktis
Experimental French Desert flecktarn camouflage 13th Parachute Dragoon Regiment Tested by the 13th Parachute Dragoons in 2006
Léopard (Tenue Léopard) Republic of Congo, Libya, Vietnam
Lizard Algeria, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Croatia, Gabon, Greece, India, Israel, Ivory Coast, Kenya
Lizard variant: M63 Vertical Lizard Portugal
Lizard variant: Purple Lizard (camouflage) Serbia and Montenegro
Tigerstripe Ecuador, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Thailand, USA, Vietnam
Tigerstripe variants: Dark Vertical Tigerstripe, Light Vertical Tigerstripe Singapore

Europe G-N

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
German Flecktarn Georgian peacekeeping troops on NATO KFOR mission 2005

US Woodland
Before 2007
US 3-color Desert
Woodland digital camouflage Exact pattern and cut of USMC MARPAT uniform without EGA 2007-present

(past and present)
Country/Timeline Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(Federal Republic of Germany) Flecktarn Current issue of the German Armed Forces Albania, Austria, Belgium, Romania
Punktmuster Austria, Japan
Ambush
Snow A dark green on white print used in cotton snow smocks. Looks as if it were daubed with a dry brush in round splotches.
Splinter (Splittermuster) The original 1931 Splinter pattern used straight lines and angles in the main splotches and needle like streaks over that
Marsh (Sumpfmuster) Wehrmacht during WWII, Bundesgrenzschutz border guards after the war This has the same forms as the Splinter pattern, but the screens have been remade with blurry edges, and the colors are different. Czech Republic, Libya
Leibermuster Wehrmacht/SS Belgium, Czech Republic, Switzerland
"Splinter-B" Wehrmacht Luftwaffe paratroopers in WWII
Oak Leaf SS Egypt, Iraq
Palm (Palmenmuster) SS
1944 Dot (Erbsenmuster) SS
Plane Tree (Platanenmuster) SS
Smoke (Rauchtarnmuster) SS
(German Democratic Republic) Rain, Line, Stricheldruckmuster Exported heavily during GDR times and afterward, largely to Africa
Loop
Flächentarnmuster', AKA "Potato" or "Blumentarn" Olive, blue-green and brown ragged splotches over light olive Late 1950s - late 1960s
Splotch
Russian (Russisches Tarnmuster)

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Hellenic Lizard Camouflage Currently by Hellenic Armed Forces Cyprus Late1970s-present
British DPM pattern Currently by Hellenic Army Raider Forces (Dynameis Katadromon) UK

US Woodland
Currently by Hellenic Navy Underwater Demolition Command (DYK)
Woodland Digital Camouflage Briefly by Hellenic Navy Underwater Demolition Command (DYK) Exactly same cut & pattern of USMC MARPAT. Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cyprus, Dominica, Ecuador, Georgia, United States 2004-present
Comma
Fried Egg
M38
M49
M51
M65
M90
US 3-color Desert
Norwegian M/2000 battle uniform, woodland and desert variants Crisis Response Unit Used on Peacekeeping missions in Afganistan and in training in Iceland and Norway
Curragh Shamrock
Irish DPM An original pattern not in the style of British DPM
Irish Desert DPM
Telo mimetico A 3-color pattern first used in 1929, thus the world's first pattern-printed camouflage military uniform. The name simply means "camouflage cloth". In use through the 1970s
Snow Suit White background with green spots which inspired by German snow pattern Germany 1984-present
Reggimento San Marco Camouflage Battalion San Macro 1992-present
Desert Spray

US Woodland
1992-2001
Vegetato Camouflage Currently used by Italian Army Standard woodland, and mountain variant 2001-present
Desert Vegetato Camouflage Currently used by Italian Army desert variant of Vegetato camo 2004-present

US Woodland
Standard issue of the Latvian Army 1995-present
Swedish M/90 Camouflage SFOR Latvian peacekeeping contingent in former Yugoslavia Sweden early 1990s
US 3-color Desert Latvian contingent on Iraq mission 2004-2006
Arid Digital Camouflage lately adopted by Latvian Army Fabric is designed and supplied by Sweden SAAB Barracuda AB, but uniforms are made by Brasa in Riga, Lativa. 2006-present

US Woodland
Standard issue of the Luxembourgian Army
Belgium Jigsaw Pattern Luxembourg contingent on peacekeeping missions abroad
Belgium Desert Jigsaw Pattern

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Four-Color Dark

US Woodland
US 3-color Desert Currently used by Macedonian troops in Iraq
Dutch DPM This pattern is a reprint of the British DPM, but leaves off some very small parts of the British pattern: tiny dots at the edges of the larger blotches
Dutch Jigsaw Dutch Marine Corps A variant of the Belgian jigsaw puzzle pattern but in tan, brown, green and black Between 1983 and 1986

US Woodland
Dutch Marine Corps
US 3-color Desert
Dutch 5-color Jungle pattern Dutch troops in UN mission in Cambodia First used by the troops during that mission
Air Force Spot Camouflage Royal Norwegian Air Force
M/75
M/98 battle uniform
M/2000 battle uniform, woodland and desert variants Desert version also used by the Icelandic Crisis Response Unit in Afghanistan
M/2002 cold weather uniform

Europe O-Z

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Moro A reducto ad absurdum of a camouflage pattern. The spots, several mm long, are no more camouflage than tweed fabric.
Puma
Pantera (Panther) Woodland Camouflage Current issue of Polish Armed Forces
Pantera (Panther) Desert Camouflage Current issue of Polish Army in Iraq and Afghanistan
Suez Briefly used by Poland elite units like the Army GROM, Government Protection Bureau (BOR), Poland Central Bureau of Investigation (CBS), Poland Border Guard (SG) Looks very similar to MultiCam, but without lime green 2007-present
Polish Urban Flecktarn Polish police tactical teams SPAP Its design is similar to the German Flecktarn, but with urban colours: black,dark grey, grey, light grey and white. Used since the 1990s
"Polish Woodland Flecktarn" Used by UOP country protection agency today's ABW inner security agency
M61
M63 Vertical Lizard
Portuguese DPM Portuguese Army Used since the late 1990s

US Woodland
Portuguese Air Force
Experimental Portuguese Arid DPM Tested by Portuguese Air Force on ISAF mission in Afghanistan
Parsley (Persilla)
M2002 Romanian DPM
M2002 Romanian Desert DPM
Russian Digital Camouflage Recently approved in January 2008
Flora 3-color Camouflage There are both forest and desert/mountain variants Belarus Standard issue since 1998
KLYAKSA Snow Camouflage Russian Army, FSB, and MVD security units
Gorod,Gorod-1 Spetznaz and MVD security units
Kamysh Spetznaz A copy of tigerstripe. There are both green and urban variants.

Les 4-color Woodland Camouflage
Spetznaz and MVD security units Copy of US Woodland
Schofield Standard Russian military issue Also referred to as VSR or Dubok. Replaced by Flora. There are both forest and desert/mountain variants. 1991-1998
SMK Spetznaz and MVD

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
M-93 Hrastov List jigsaw pattern Used by most Serbian army units Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro

US Woodland
Briefly used by 72nd Special Brigade and by Žandarmerija Special Police Forces.
MDU-02 Karst Camouflage Some Serbian army units Introduced in 2001
M-03 Woodland Camouflage Introduced in 2006
DMDU-03 Digital Camouflage new development
Slovenian 4-Color Woodland Jigsaw pattern Current issue of Slovenian Armed Forces Based on the brown-dominant of Yugoslavian M89 camo
US 3-color Desert Previously used by Slovenian contingent and Special Operations Force on ISAF mission in Afghanistan 2003-2007
Slovenian 4-Color Desert Jigsaw pattern Currently used by Slovenian troops on Middle East deployment Late 2007 - present
British DPM pattern Solely used by Slovenian Army Special Operations Force
Amoeba (Overlapping splotches) Many color variants of this were used. Splotches were of similar type to ERDL pattern and Leibermuster, and overlapped as in the Leiber pattern.
ERDL brown-dominant pattern
US Six-Color Desert Pattern "Chocolate-chip camouflage"
(USSR) 3-color TTsKO pattern Ukraine
TTsKO variants: Desert, Brown, Green Forest, Rocks and Mountain
Leaf
Sun-ray Current-day Russia, Ukraine
TTsMKK

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
M90 Splinter Temperate Woodland The M90 pattern is easily recognizable by its angular color splotches. The Temperate Woodland consists of dark green, light green, tan and black.
M90 Splinter Desert
2-color Pixelated Snow Camouflage Screen Net
Experimental M90 Splinter 2-color Snow
M/84 Adopted by Swedish National Police and Swedish Army OPFOR
Leibermuster Contains a marked degree of red
M92
TAZ 90 current issue of Swiss Armed Forces
Digital Camouflage Turkish Army at capital district Made of antibacterial nano-tech fabric, which dries 8 times quicker, UV protection, and oil/dirt/salt resistant as well. Uniform is designed by famous Turkish fashion designer Arzu Kaprol and can be used in all seasons. It is suitable for the floras of 7 geographical regions of Turkey and can not be spotted by satellites. mid 2008-present

Woodland pattern
This is a local reprint of the US pattern, using pigments instead of vat-dye. This leaves the inside surface of the fabric uncolored, beige.
"Duck Hunter" A reprint of the pattern used by the USMC in WWII with a bluish tinge to the light green spots Phased out by the early 1990s
Russian 3-color TTsKO pattern Ukrainian Armed Forces Forest and arid variants Since 1988
Desert 2-color amoeba pattern Ukrainian troops on ISAF mission in Afghanistan
Russian 5-color PTsMK pattern Ukrainian Special Forces Variant of German Flecktarn 2005-2006
Flectra-D 3-color flecktarn camouflage Latest issue of Ukrainian Special Forces Since 2006

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
(UK) Denison smock India, Israel, Jordan, Kenya
Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) Currently by British Armed Forces Algeria, Cambodia, China(Special Forces), Egypt, Hong Kong Police, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway (Special Forces), Pakistan, The Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sierra Leone, Singapore Police, Tanzania, Uganda
Desert DPM Currently by British Armed Forces 2-color earth tone Iraq, Kuwait, New Zealand, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia 1990-present
Four-Colour Desert DPM Iraq
Desert Tigerstripe Briefly used by UK Special Forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq, Singapore, United States 2003
M89 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro
Stencilled Leaf Croatia

Europe Others

Country Camouflage pattern Notes Years used
Urban Digital DPM pattern A fictional pattern which was featured in the UK film Children of Men 2006
Arktis Digital Camouflage Developed in-house by Arktis UK; a pixelation of the British DPM pattern. It no longer has the distinct 'brush' pattern of the original DPM 2007

North America

North America A-M

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Reversed British DPM Canadian Airborne Regiments This is the 1975 Canadian Para Smock, Replaced a 1950s era Nylon OG Para Smock 1975-1995
Garrison Leaf pattern Used by limited units within the Canadian Armed Forces It isn't really a camouflage. Its patterns consisting of tan, medium green, dark green and brown were rather used to match with the dark green trousers and beret of the Garrison Dress
British Desert 2-color DPM Shortly by Canadian Forces during the Gulf War A small quantity of British Desert DPM shirts and trousers were purchased for limited issue to some Canadians on duty in Kuwait and Iraq during the first Gulf War Kuwait, New Zealand, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia, UK 1990-91
Experimental Tan Desert Combat Uniform Canadian Forces on peacekeeping mission in Africa/Middle East Tested in the early 1990s
CADPAT Currently by Canadian Forces Colloquially known as "relish", it has 2 variants: Woodland and Arid Late2001-present
CADETPAT Endorsed by the Royal Canadian Army Cadets (RCAC) League as the RCAC's field uniform Woodland MARPAT camo on CADPAT-style uniform Adopted in 2004
Woodland Digital Camouflage Mexican Army stationed in the country's southern region will be shown on the Independence Day parade (Sept 16th, 2008)

US Woodland
Currently by Mexican Armed Forces present
Desert Digital Camouflage Mexican Army stationed in the country's northern region will be shown on the Independence Day parade (Sept 16th, 2008)
US Three-Color Desert present
Marines Digital Camouflage (Woodland, Desert and Urban Mexican Marine Corps A pixelated version of the US M81 Woodland 2008-present
US Subdued Urban Camouflage Federal Preventive Police GOPES present

North America N-Z

(USA)
Timeline Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
MARPAT (woodland and desert variants) U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cyprus, Dominica, Ecuador, Georgia, Greece Adopted in 2002
Disruptive Overwhite Snow digital camouflage USMC Jointly developed by West Point professor Dr. O'Neill and Canadian HyperStealth's Guy Cramer Adopted in November 2007
Universal Camouflage Pattern (ACU) U.S. Army Also known as "ACUPAT or "ARPAT" Chile, Cyprus, Côte d'Ivoire's FAFN Adopted in 2005 for the Army Combat Uniform
Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) U.S. Air Force (USAF) Pixelated on 3 soft earth tones (tan, gray, and green) and slate blue tigerstripe pattern Adopted in 2007
Navy Working Uniform (NWU) U.S. Navy (USN) Confirmed in 2007, and will be released after mid-2008
MultiCam DEA, US Army MP Special Response Team Also known as "Scorpion Camo", which is featured in the Army Future Force Warrior program. Other users include AFSOC and SOCOM members. It is meant to provide concealment in a variety of backgrounds such as desert, tropical and temperate woodlands, savanna, etc. Chad, Jordan, Poland (Suez pattern), Taiwan
Tactical Assault Camouflage (TACAM) Exclusively adopted by US National Counterterrorism Center Developed by HyperStealth 2004
(USA continued below)

Timeline Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Three-Color Desert Previously by US Army, US Marine Corps. Currently by US Air Force, US Navy, US Coast Guard Currently being phased out Chile, El Salvador, Hungary, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands, UAE, Pakistan 1990-present

US Woodland
Previously by US Army, US Marine Corps. Currently by US Air Force, US Navy, US Coast Guard, Civil Air Patrol, US Public Health Service, State Defense Forces, LAPD SWAT, other law enforcement agencies Also known as "M81 General Purpose Pattern". This 4-color pattern provided a good, general purpose camouflage for temperate and tropical environments. It was the most popular, most recognizable and most widely used camouflage pattern in the world, and still is today. Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Honduras, Iran, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands (RNLMC), Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Russia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela 1981-present
Six-Color Desert Pattern US Army, US Navy, US Air Force, US Marine Corps The Six-colour Desert Pattern was called the chocolate-chip pattern because of it black and white flecks, which resembles chocolate chip cookies. However it did not achieve its desired effect and was eventually replaced by the Three-color Desert Pattern. China, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, South Korea, Spain, Pakistan, Yemen Ca. 1982-1993
Urban Track U.S. Army One of the CCU trial variants, became the predecessor of ACU Tested in 2003
Experimental T-pattern Urban Camouflage U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Tested by the USMC for Military Operation on Urbanized Terran (MOUT) Late 1990s
Desert Night Camouflage U.S. Armed Forces 1990-1991
Experimental All Seasons All Terrains (ASAT) Camouflage U.S. Army Tested at the Natick Soldier Center Mid1980s
Experimental 2-color Desert Daytime Camouflage U.S. Army Tested in 1987
Experimental 4-color ERDL Arid Camouflage U.S. Army Based on Transitional ERDL, but in dark brown, tan, earth sand and light green Late 1970s
Dual Texture Camouflage U.S. Army 2nd Cav Also known as "Dual-Tex". The first initial digital camouflage scheme developed and tested by US Army. Australia 1978-early1980s
ERDL Pattern US Army, US Marine Corps Predecessor of M81 Woodland Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Gabon, Honduras, Jordan, Latvia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, South Vietnam
Oak Leaf Sometimes called "Wine Leaf" India, Thailand
Tigerstripe Limited, non-issue use, originated in Vietnam 1965-1975
Duck Hunter, AKA Frog-Skin USMC Began to be discarded when commanders found that the pattern made movement more obvious even if it made unmoving soldiers less visible Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Lebanon, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, South Korea, Vietnam Used extensively by the USMC from 1942 to 1944

North America Others

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Years used
Forg & Leaf Camouflage United States Colonial Marines (USCM) A fictional pattern which was used by the USCM in the US Sci-Fi movie Aliens 1986
TAC TIGER Urban/Night Camouflage Developed by Tiger Stripe Products
5.11 Digital Desert Camo NASA Kennedy Space Center SWAT Designed by 5.11 Tactical Apparels in US.
TACPATT (Tactical Pattern for Urban digital camouflage) Designed by 5.11 Tactical Apparels in US.
Spec4ce Digital Camouflage, 6-color variants Developed by HyperStealth in Canada. 2006

Central and South America

C. and S. America A-D

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used

US Woodland
Argentinian Armed Forces, Argentinia Federal Police
US 3-color Desert
Six-Color Desert Pattern Argentinian Air Force EAC (Commando Assistance Squadron) "Chocolate-chip camouflage" China, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, South Korea, Spain, Pakistan, United States, Yemen
Patagónico A desert variation of the British Disruptive Pattern Material
Reddish Sparse Tigerstripe Currently by Federal Police Special Operations Group Philippines

US Woodland
Currently used by Bolivian Armed Forces
Ragged Leaf green and brown Brazilian Army A Lizard pattern
Ragged Leaf green and green Brazilian Marine Corps
Ragged Leaf green and blue Brazilian Air Force
US Urban Camouflage Brazilian Federal Police Tactical Operations Command(COT)
Urban Flecktarn Força Nacional de Segurança Pública (National Public Security Force) Poland 2007-present
Colombian Digital Camouflage Pattern Colombian Army Woodland and arid versions Started using in 2006

US Woodland
standard issue of Chilean armed forces present
Mountain Camouflage used by Chilean Army units in the Andes mountain region present
US 3-color Desert present
US Universal Camouflage Pattern (ACU) Chilean Army Brigada de Operaciones Especiales in Southwest Asia Exact cut & pattern of ACU. United States
Fractural Omni pattern Chilean Air Force Developed by Canada's HyperStealth Developed in 2007, to be deployed in 2008
Elm Leaf
Grey Lizard

US Woodland
Woodland Digital Camouflage Dominican Army Very similar to woodland MARPAT pattern 2008-present
US 3-color Desert Dominican Army
Universal Camouflage Pattern (ACU) Dominican Navy Chile, Cyprus, Côte d'Ivoire's FAFN, United States Adopted in 2007
Tactical Tigerstripe Dominican Police Special Service Unit

C. and S. America E-Z

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
Woodland Digital Camouflage Ecuadorian Army Exact pattern and cut of USMC MARPAT, but with no EGA embroidered Adopted since late 2007

US Woodland
Flames Tigerstripe
US Subdued Urban Camouflage Ecuadorian National Police
Vertical Stripe Indonesia
US 3-color Desert Ecuadorian Army on Iraqi mission
Blue Digital Camouflage El Salvador National Civil Police SWAT

US Woodland
Current issue of Guatemalan Army
Jungle Digital Camouflage Guatemalan Army Special Operations Brigade "Kaibil" Made by Guatemalan Army Industry First adopted in 2007. Other army units will have it later.
US 3-color Desert Guatemalan Army on Iraqi mission

US Woodland
US 3-color Desert

US Woodland
Nicaraguan Army
Blue Woodland Camouflage Nicaraguan Navy Blue variant of US 4-color Woodland pattern
Geometric Splinter

US Woodland
Desert PACIPAT (Southern Pacific Pattern) digital camouflage Peruvian Army Designed for coastal areas and Andes. First seen during the Peruvian Independence Day Parade 2007 2007-present
Woodland PACIPAT (Southern Pacific Pattern) digital camouflage Peruvian Army Seen at the International Defence exhibition SITDEF 2007 Lima, Peru (November 21-25, 2007) 2008-present
Jungle AMAPAT (Amazonas Pattern) digital camouflage Peruvian Army Designed for Selva, the rain forest region in the eastern part of Peru. 2008-present

US Woodland
Venezuela National Armed Forces

C. and S. America Others

None listed.

Oceania

Oceania A-Z

Country Camouflage pattern Used by Notes Other user(s) Years used
ERDL pattern SASR Used during the Vietnam War
Tigerstripe SASR Used during the Vietnam War
Disruptive Pattern Combat Uniform (DPCU or Auscam) Current issue of the Australian Defence Force It is based on the U.S duck hunter patterns of World War II. Its camouflage was designed with arid and desert-like landscapes in mind. It is also known as 'Hearts and Bunies'. 1986-present
Disruptive Pattern Naval Uniform (DPNU) Royal Australian Navy The two-piece, fire-retardant operational uniform will align with other ADF combat uniforms in its use of the AUSCAM pattern, but will be unique to Navy in terms of littoral colours used and the addition of reflective tape on the upper arms. Will be entered service from mid-2008
Disruptive Pattern Desert Uniform(DPDU) Current issue of the Australian Defence Force deployed overseas to desert regions Also known as "Desert DPCU". There was three versions of the pattern: the 1st pattern (2001 type) had three colours, the 2nd pattern (2002 type) a pink variant and the 3rd pattern (2003 type) a yellow variant. 2001-present
MK I/II Disruptive Pattern Desert Uniform (DPDU) SASR and RAN Task Force deployed in Afghanistan and Iraq. Four-pocket, long sleeved shirt in Disruptive Pattern Desert Uniform (DPDU) with khaki plastic buttons. There was 2 variants: Mark I (yellow-toned), and Mark II (grey-toned). 2001-2002
OPFOR DPCU Used by the OPFOR during training It is basically a 'Red' version of the Auscam. Apparently, the pattern was unexpectedly effective in the red-toned deserts of the Australian Outback. 1997-1998
Six-Color Desert Pattern After 6-color desert camo adopted by US Armed Forces, the Australian army firstly began to issue very limited quantities in 1982. The uniform was identical to BDU sytle but with shoulder straps and in 100% ripstop cotton. The pattern was replaced by US 3-color desert camo in 1990s.

China, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, South Korea, Spain, Pakistan, Yemen ca. 1980s
ERDL pattern NZSAS Used during the Vietnam War
New Zealand DPM New Zealand uses a print of British DPM pattern. The lightest color in the pattern is slightly more yellowish-brown to suit conditions found in New Zealand.
British 2-color Desert DPM
Kumul Current standard issue of PNGDF
ERDL brown-dominant pattern Current standard issue of Tonga Defense Services
US 3-color Desert Royal Tongan Marines deployed in Iraq with the USMC 2004

Oceania Others

Country Camouflage pattern Notes Years used
MK1 Digial Australian Camouflage Developed by SORD, an Australian tactical supplier to military and police markets 2005
Platatac TAC Camouflage A pixelated AUSCAM pattern on ACU-style uniforms by Platatac Outdoors Group Pty. However it no longer has the characteristic 'jelly bean' shapes found in the Auscam. 2007

References

Further reading

  1. Borsarello, J.F. (1999). Camouflage Uniforms of European and NATO Armies 1945 to the Present. Schiffer Publishing Ltd; USA. ISBN 0-7643-1018-6.
  2. Borsarello, J.F. and Palinckx, Werner (2004). Camouflage Uniforms of Asian And Middle East Armies. Schiffer Publishing Ltd; USA. ISBN 0-7643-1922-1.
  3. Blechman, Hardy and Newman, Alex (2004). DPM: Disruptive Pattern Material. DPM Ltd. ISBN 0-9543404-0-X.
  4. Desmond, Dennis (1998). Camouflage Uniforms of the Soviet Union and Russia: 1937-To the Present. Schiffer Publishing Ltd; USA. ISBN 0-7643-0462-3.
  5. De Quesada, Alejandro M. (2006). Uniforms of the German Soldier: World War II to the Present Day. Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-8536-7679-9.
  6. Horn, Bernd and Wyczynski, Michel (2006). Canadian Airborne Forces since 1942. Osprey Publishing; UK. ISBN 1-84176-975-1.
  7. Katcher, Philip (1990). The American Soldier: US Armies in Uniform, 1755 to the present. Osprey Publishing; USA. ISBN 0-517-01481-5.
  8. 100 Questions on Uniforms & Equipments of Japan Self-Defense Force (2005). Kojinsha Publications; Tokyo Japan. ISBN 4-7698-1244-2.
  9. Lyles, Kevin (1999). Vietnam: US Uniforms in Colour Photographs. The Crowood Press. ISBN 1-86126-305-8.
  10. Lyles, Kevin (2004). Vietnam ANZACs: Australian & New Zealand Troops in Vietnam 1962-72. Osprey Publishing; UK. ISBN 1-84176-702-6.
  11. Uniforms of Japan Self-Defense Forces (2006). Namiki Shobo Publications; Tokyo Japan. ISBN 4-89063-199-2.
  12. McNab, Chris (2002). 20th Century Military Uniforms. Grange Books; UK. ISBN 1-84013-476-3.
  13. Miraldi, Paul W. (1990) Uniforms and Equipment of U.S. Infantry, LRRPs, and Rangers in Vietnam 1965-1971. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0958-7.
  14. Newark, Tim and Newark, Quentin, and Borsarello, J.F. (1998). Brassey's Book of Camouflage. Brassey's (UK) Ltd; UK. ISBN 1-85753-273-2.
  15. Paskauskas II, Joel B. (1994). Desert Grab & Gear: The Equipment of America's Desert Warriors. Concord Publications; Hong Kong. ISBN 962-361-043-2.
  16. Richardson, Francis. (1945). Camouflage Fabrics both Plain and Printed for Military Use by the German SS and German Army. Reprinted in: Borsarello, J.F. (Ed.). (1990?). SS & Wehrmacht Camouflage, ISO Publications; London.
  17. Stanton, Shelby. (1989). US Army Uniforms of the Vietnam War. Stackpole Books; Harrisburg PA, USA.
  18. Stanton, Shelby. (1994). US Army Uniforms of the Cold War. Stackpole Books; Harrisburg PA, USA. ISBN 0-8117-1821-2.
  19. Ward, Iain (1999). MARINERS: The Hong Kong Marine Police 1948-1997. IEW Publications; UK. ISBN 0-9536540-01
  20. An ARVN Paratroop Uniform, 1965-66, Martin Windrow, in Military Illustrated, Feb./Mar. 1998
  21. Yan, Guey-Lin (2008). Uniforms, Insignia, Badges of R.O.C. Army: 1950s-early 1990s. alte Kameraden Publications; Taiwan. ISBN 978-957-29415-7-7.

External links

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