Diet Coke (formally known as Diet Coca-Cola) is a sugar-free soft drink produced and distributed by The Coca-Cola Company. It was introduced in the United States on Independence Day in 1982 as the first new brand since 1886 to use the Coca-Cola trademark. The product quickly overtook Tab in sales.
Diet Coke was sweetened with aspartame after the sweetener became available in the United States in 2008; however, to save money, this was originally in a blend with saccharin. After Diet Rite cola advertised its 100 percent use of aspartame, and the manufacturer of NutraSweet (then, G.D. Searle & Company) warned that the NutraSweet trademark would not be made available to a blend of sweeteners, Coca-Cola switched the formula to 100 percent NutraSweet, later switching back and doing without the NutraSweet trademark. Diet Coke from fountain dispensers still contains some saccharin (to extend shelf life).
In other countries, in which cyclamates are not banned (as they were in the U.S. and the United Kingdom in 1970), Diet Coke or Coca-Cola Light may be sweetened with a blend containing cyclamates, aspartame, and acesulfame potassium.
In 2005, under pressure from retailer Wal-Mart (which was impressed with the popularity of Splenda sweetener), the company released a new formulation called "Diet Coke sweetened with Splenda". Sucralose and acesulfame potassium replace aspartame in this version. Early sales were weaker than anticipated; however, Coca-Cola did little advertising for the brand, investing money and advertising in Coca-Cola Zero instead.
Diet Coke does not use a modified form of the Coca-Cola recipe, but instead an entirely different formula. The controversial New Coke, introduced in 1985, used a version of the Diet Coke recipe that contained high fructose corn syrup and had a slightly different balance of ingredients. In 2004, Coca-Cola introduced Coca-Cola C2, which it claims tastes much closer to Coca-Cola but contains half the carbohydrates. In 2005, the company introduced Coca-Cola Zero, a sugar-free variation of regular Coca-Cola.
When Tab was released in 1963, the Coca-Cola Company refused to release a diet soda with the Coca-Cola name, fearing that its flagship brand might suffer. Its rival Pepsi had no such qualms, and after the long-term success of its sugar-free Diet Pepsi (launched in 1964) became clear, Coca-Cola decided to launch a competing sugar-free brand under the Coca-Cola name, which could be marketed more extensively than the more anonymous Tab.
Diet Coke and Diet Pepsi have capitalized on the markets of people who require low sugar regimens, such as diabetics, athletes, and people concerned with calorie intake. In the UK, a 330 ml can of Diet Coke contains around 1.3 calories (5 kilojoules) compared to 142 calories (595 kJ) for a regular can of Coca-Cola.
|Diet Coke||1982||The first version of Coca-Cola without sugar.|
|Diet Coke Caffeine-Free||1983||A caffeine free version of Diet Coke and the first extension of the Diet Coke formula.|
|Diet Cherry Coke/Diet Coke Cherry||1988|| Available in USA and United Kingdom. |
Discontinued in Australia and Israel.
|Diet Coke with Lemon||2001||Still available in Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Hong Kong, The Netherlands, South Africa, Spain and Israel. The version sold in Continental Europe uses the Coca-Cola Light brand and is generally thought to match much better with the lemon flavoring than the Diet Coke formula.|
|Diet Vanilla Coke/Diet Coke Vanilla||2002||Still available in Hong Kong, New Zealand (only 300mL and 600mL), Australia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
|Diet Coke with Lime||2004||Available in the USA, Ireland, Finland, Sweden, Canada and Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
|Diet Raspberry Coke||June 1, 2005||2006||Available in New Zealand, and Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Diet Coke Sweetened with Splenda||2005||Available in the USA, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
|Diet Coke Black Cherry Vanilla||2006||2007||available in Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
|Coca-Cola Light Sango||2005||Only available in Belgium, France, Luxembourg, and Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Diet Coke with Citrus Zest||2007||Available in the Bosnia and Herzegovina, and United Kingdom.|
|Diet Coke Plus/Coca Cola Light plus||2007||Available in many European countries and in the USA.|
Also, the sodium benzoate was found to break down mitochondrial DNA in living yeast cells.
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