Oklahoma was also the first state and the first jurisdiction in the world to adopt lethal injection as method of executions.
Theincluding death, life imprisonment without parole or life imprisonment.
Otherwise, life imprisonment without parole or life imprisonment are the only sentences allowed.
A sentence of death has an automatic appeal to the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals.
The sentence review shall be in addition to direct appeal, if taken, and the review and appeal shall be consolidated for consideration. The court shall render its decision on legal errors enumerated, the factual substantiation of the verdict, and the validity of the sentence.
Under current statute Governor of Oklahoma may grant a commutation of the death sentence, but must have the Recommendation of Clemency From a Board or Advisory Group. The only post-Furman pardon was granted by Gov. Brad Henry on May 13, 2004 to Osvaldo Torres.
Henry explainted that it was important to remember that the actual shooter in these horrific murders was also sentenced to death and faces execution and that he concluded that there is a possibility a significant miscarriage of justice occurred... specifically that the violation of his Vienna Convention Rights contributed to trial counsel's ineffectiveness, that the jury did not hear significant evidence, and that the result of the trial is unreliable.
In earlier years Governor Lee Cruce commuted every death sentence imposed during his administration (1911-1915).
Lethal injection is the sole method of execution and after the resumption of executions in 1990 all were put to death by this fashion.
However, electric chair, used in pre-Furman period, is designated to be a backup method if injection be ever declared unconstitutional. If both electrocution and injection were found unconstitutional, firing squad is a backup method.
|Executed person||Date of execution||Murder victim||Under Governor|
|1||Charles Troy Coleman||10 September 1990||John Seward||Henry Bellmon|
|2||Robyn Leroy Parks||10 March 1992||Abdullah Ibrahim||David Walters|
|3||Olan Randle Robinson||13 March 1992||Shiela Lovejoy and Robert Swinford||David Walters|
|4||Thomas J. Grasso||20 March 1995||Hilda Johnson||Frank Keating|
|5||Roger Dale Stafford||1 July 1995||Melvin Lorenz, Linda Lorenz, and Richard Lorenz||Frank Keating|
|6||Robert Allen Brecheen||11 August 1995||Marie Stubbs||Frank Keating|
|7||Benjamin Brewer||26 April 1996||Karen Joyce Stapleton||Frank Keating|
|8||Steven Keith Hatch||9 August 1996||Richard Douglas and Marilyn Douglas||Frank Keating|
|9||Scott Dawn Carpenter||7 May 1997||A.J. Kelley||Frank Keating|
|10||Michael Edward Long||20 February 1998||Sheryl Graber and Andrew Graber||Frank Keating|
|11||Stephen Edward Wood||5 August 1998||Robert B. Brigden||Frank Keating|
|12||Tuan Anh Nguyen||10 December 1998||Amanda White and Joseph White||Frank Keating|
|13||John Wayne Duvall||17 December 1998||Karla Duvall||Frank Keating|
|14||John Walter Castro||7 January 1999||Beulah Grace, Sissons Cox, and Rhonda Pappan||Frank Keating|
|15||Sean Richard Sellers||4 February 1999||Paul Bellofatto, Vonda Bellofatto, and Robert Bower||Frank Keating|
|16||Scotty Lee Moore||3 June 1999||Alex Fernandez||Frank Keating|
|17||Norman Lee Newsted||8 July 1999||Larry Buckley||Frank Keating|
|18||Cornel Cooks||2 December 1999||Jennie Elva Ridling||Frank Keating|
|19||Bobby Lynn Ross||9 December 1999||Steven Mahan||Frank Keating|
|20||Malcolm Rent Johnson||6 January 2000||Ura Alma Thompson||Frank Keating|
|21||Gary Alan Walker||13 January 2000||Eddie O. Cash, Valerie Shaw-Hartzell, Jane Hilburn, Janet Jewell, Margaret Bell Lydick, and DeRonda Gay Roy||Frank Keating|
|22||Michael Donald Roberts||10 February 2000||Lula Mae Brooks||Frank Keating|
|23||Kelly Lamont Rogers||23 March 2000||Karen Marie Lauffenburger||Frank Keating|
|24||Ronald Keith Boyd||27 April 2000||Richard Oldham Riggs||Frank Keating|
|25||Charles Adrian Foster||25 May 2000||Claude Wiley||Frank Keating|
|26||James Glenn Rodebeaux||1 June 2000||Nancy Rose Lee McKinney||Frank Keating|
|27||Roger James Berget||8 June 2000||Rick Lee Patterson||Frank Keating|
|28||William Clifford Bryson||15 June 2000||James Earl Plantz||Frank Keating|
|29||Gregg Francis Braun||10 August 2000||Gwendolyn Sue Miller, Barbara Kchendorfer, Mary Raines, Pete Spurrier, and Geraldine Valdez||Frank Keating|
|30||George Kent Wallace||10 August 2000||William Von Eric Domer and Mark Anthony McLaughlin||Frank Keating|
|31||Eddie Leroy Trice||9 January 2001||Ernestine Jones||Frank Keating|
|32||Wanda Jean Allen||11 January 2001||Gloria Lean Leathers||Frank Keating|
|33||Floyd Allen Medlock||16 January 2001||Katherine Ann Busch||Frank Keating|
|34||Dion Athansius Smallwood||18 January 2001||Lois Frederick||Frank Keating|
|35||Mark Andrew Fowler||23 January 2001||John Barrier, Rick Cast, and Chumpon Chaowasin||Frank Keating|
|36||Billy Ray Fox||25 January 2001||John Barrier, Rick Cast, and Chumpon Chaowasin||Frank Keating|
|37||Loyd Winford Lafevers||30 January 2001||Addie Mae Hawley||Frank Keating|
|38||Dorsie Leslie Jones, Jr.||1 February 2001||Stanley Eugene Buck, Sr.||Frank Keating|
|39||Robert William Clayton||1 March 2001||Rhonda Kay Timmons||Frank Keating|
|40||Ronald Dunaway Fluke||27 March 2001||Ginger Lou Fluke, Kathryn Lee Fluke, and Suzanna Michelle Fluke||Frank Keating|
|41||Marilyn Kay Plantz||1 May 2001||James Earl Plantz||Frank Keating|
|42||Terrance Anthony James||22 May 2001||Mark Allen Berry||Frank Keating|
|43||Vincent Allen Johnson||29 May 2001||Shirley Mooneyham||Frank Keating|
|44||Jerald Wayne Harjo||17 July 2001||Ruther Porter||Frank Keating|
|45||Jack Dale Walker||28 August 2001||Shely Deann Ellison and Donald Gary Epperson||Frank Keating|
|46||Alvie James Hale, Jr.||18 October 2001||William Jeffery Perry||Frank Keating|
|47||Lois Nadean Smith||4 December 2001||Cindy Baillee||Frank Keating|
|48||Sahib Lateef Al-Mosawi||6 December 2001||Inaam Al-Nashi and Mohamed Al-Nashi||Frank Keating|
|49||David Wayne Woodruff||21 January 2002||Roger Joel Sarfaty and Lloyd Thompson||Frank Keating|
|50||John Joseph Romano||29 January 2002||Roger Joel Sarfaty and Lloyd Thompson||Frank Keating|
|51||Randall Eugene Cannon||23 July 2002||Addie Mae Hawley||Frank Keating|
|52||Earl Alexander Frederick, Sr.||30 July 2002||Bradford Lee Beck||Frank Keating|
|53||Jery Lynn McCracken||10 December 2002||Tyrrell Lee Boyd, Steve Allen Smith, Timothy Edward Sheets, and Carol Ann McDaniels||Frank Keating|
|54||Jay Wesley Neill||12 December 2002||Kay Bruno, Jerri Bowles, Joyce Mullenix, and Ralph Zeller||Frank Keating|
|55||Ernest Marvin Carter, Jr.||17 December 2002||Eugene Mankowski||Frank Keating|
|56||Daniel Juan Revilla||16 January 2003||Mark Gomez||Brad Henry|
|57||Bobby Joe Fields||13 February 2003||Louise J. Schem||Brad Henry|
|58||Walanzo Deon Robinson||18 March 2003||Dennis Eugene Hill||Brad Henry|
|59||John Michael Hooker||25 March 2003||Sylvia Stokes and Durcilla Morgan||Brad Henry|
|60||Scott Allen Hain||3 April 2003||Michael William Houghton and Laura Lee Sanders||Brad Henry|
|61||Don Wilson Hawkins, Jr.||8 April 2003||Linda Ann Thompson||Brad Henry|
|62||Larry Kenneth Jackson||17 April 2003||Wendy Cade||Brad Henry|
|63||Robert Wesley Knighton||27 May 2003||Richard Denney and Virginia Denney||Brad Henry|
|64||Kenneth Chad Charm||5 June 2003||Brandy Crystian Hill||Brad Henry|
|65||Lewis Eugene Gilbert II||1 July 2003||Roxanne Lynn Ruddell||Brad Henry|
|66||Robert Don Duckett||8 July 2003||John E. Howard||Brad Henry|
|67||Bryan Anthony Toles||22 July 2003||Juan Franceschi and Lonnie Franceschi||Brad Henry|
|68||Jackie Lee Willingham||24 July 2003||Jayne Ellen Van Wey||Brad Henry|
|69||Harold Loyd McElmurry III||29 July 2003||Rosa Vivien Pendley and Robert Pendley||Brad Henry|
|70||Tyrone Peter Darks||13 January 2004||Sherry Goodlow||Brad Henry|
|71||Norman Richard Cleary||17 February 2004||Wanda Neafus||Brad Henry|
|72||David Jay Brown||9 March 2004||Eldon Lee McGuire||Brad Henry|
|73||Hung Thanh Le||23 March 2004||Hai Hong Nguyen||Brad Henry|
|74||Robert Leroy Bryan||8 June 2004||Mildred Inabell Bryan||Brad Henry|
|75||Windel Ray Workman||26 August 2004||Amanda Hollman||Brad Henry|
|76||Jimmie Ray Slaughter||15 March 2005||Melody Sue Wuertz and Jessica Rae Wuertz||Brad Henry|
|77||George James Miller, Jr.||12 May 2005||Gary Kent Dodd||Brad Henry|
|78||Michael Lannier Pennington||19 July 2005||Bradley Thomas Grooms||Brad Henry|
|79||Kenneth Eugene Turrentine||11 August 2005||Avon Stevenson, Anita Richardson, Tina Pennington, and Martise Richardson||Brad Henry|
|80||Richard Alford Thornburg, Jr.||18 April 2006||Jim Poteet, Terry Shepard, Kevin Smith||Brad Henry|
|81||John Albert Boltz||1 June 2006||Doug Kirby||Brad Henry|
|82||Eric Allen Patton||29 August 2006||Charlene Kauer||Brad Henry|
|83||James Patrick Malicoat||31 August 2006||Tessa Leadford||Brad Henry|
|84||Corey Duane Hamilton||9 January 2007||Joseph Gooch, Theodore Kindley, Senaida Lara, and Steven Williams||Brad Henry|
|85||Jimmy Dale Bland||26 June 2007||Doyle Windle Rains||Brad Henry|
|86||Frank Duane Welch||21 August 2007||Jo Talley Cooper and Debra Anne Stevens||Brad Henry|
|87||Terry Lyn Short||17 June 2008||Ken Yamamoto||Brad Henry|
|88||Jessie Cummings||25 September 2008||Melissa Moody||Brad Henry|
Hanging was used by the state until 1911. From 1915 to 1966 electric chair became the sole method of execution. The federal death row inmate Gooch, however, was hanged in 1936.
Oklahoma performed last pre-Furman electrocution (James French, 1966).
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