- For the local morning news program of the same name in Lafayette, Louisiana, see KLFY-TV.
for "passkey" or "all-purpose") was a Quebec French
language children's television program
produced by Radio-Québec
) that was in production from 1977
. It aired on Radio-Québec
, lasting on some networks until 1998. It incorporated both live actors and puppets
although neither group interacted with the other.
When Sesame Street
was released in 1969, the possibility of translating it in Quebec French
for broadcasting in Québec was considered. However, the conclusion was that Québec children would not be able to identify with an American television show, and thus the Québec Minister of Education
began investigating the possibility of a Québec-made children's show. After two years (in 1973), the project was handed over to a producer, Laurent Lachance
However, internal conflict between Lachance and Radio-Québec led to several delays, and ultimately, to Lachance stepping down as producer. The government then turned toward private enterprises, and, on February 14, 1977, contracted JPL Production to produce the show.
Live Action Segments
Live action segments usually featured the activities and relationships of several humorous and infantile characters: Passe-Partout (a woman dressed mainly in blue played by Marie Eykel
), Passe-Carreau (a woman dressed mainly in yellow played by Claire Pimparé
) and Passe-Montagne (a man dressed in brown sporting butterfly-shaped bowties played by Jacques L'Heureux
Other characters that sometime appeared were André (a young adult male played by André Cartier), Fardoche (a male farmer played by Pierre Dufresne) and Grand-mère (a neighbouring older woman that played grandmother for both the actors and the puppets). The latter would sometime narrate legends (the actress playing Grand-mère, Kim Yaroshevskaya, used to be the hostess of another children show called Fanfreluche where she also acted as a storyteller).
Apart from the distinctive costumes of the main actors, the live action segments had a surrealistic feel due to the absence of any visible walls: all doors, windows and portraits were seen to hang in mid-air. Whether this was due to budget constraints or artistic choices is unclear.
Segments in this category could either be educational (counting, language skils, memory work, etc.), musical (featuring original songs composed in a traditional folk style), moralistic (personal responsibility), or storytelling.
Unlike the live action segments, these were filmed in a realistic environment (although of course scaled down). The various sketches involved the twins Cannelle (girl) and Pruneau (boy). Their stories often featured Perlin and Perline (their parents), Grand-Papa Bi (their grandfather, father of Perline), Madame Coucou (a neighbour), Rigodon (their same-age male cousin), Ti-Brin (the slightly older bully
/bad influence) as well as their classmates: Doualé (a girl from the fictional country of Cantaloupe
) and Mélodie (Cannelle's friend who often acted as an object of pity). Another character which never interacted directly with the children (although they often conversed, largely perhaps in the children's imagination) was Alakazou, an anthropomorphic
zebra who hosted Cannelle and Pruneau's favourite TV show.
More often than not, the puppet segments dealt with social and moral issues relating to children. In one notable instance, the children's father lost his job and went on extended unemployment benefits, making their future uncertain.
Many innovative short films were shown in between segments. These could be anything from animation (a face forming out of vegetable), art (a woman carving a puppet out of an apple) or children's testimonials. These shorts never involved any of the characters from the other segments.
Although it stopped airing in 1998, Passe-Partout retained an iconic place in Québec culture. People who grew up watching the program as children are termed the "Passe-Partout generation". In 2005, "Les Francs-Tireurs
" dedicated one of their episodes to Passe-Partout (with Marie Eykel present), while in 2006, "Ici Louis-José Houde
", a show tracing a humouristic history of Québec television, aired an episode tracing the history of children's show in Québec, with much of the show dedicated to Passe-Partout, and Eykel, Pimparé and L'Heureux all present.
It was also announced early in 2006 that work was underway on putting together DVD releases of the first two seasons of the show, in reaction to the sales of pirate versions of the series on ebay (with bids reaching the hundred dollars by the time the auction was canceled). Initially Télé-Québec was not interested in re-broadcasting the series, nor in producing a DVD. Marie Eykel and Jacques L'Heureux obtained the broadcast rights to the first 125 episodes. The DVD is produced by both actors, Télé-Québec, and Alliance Atlantis Vivafilm.
The DVD was released on November 21, 2006 - nearly selling out on first day sales.