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Monolith

Monolith

[mon-uh-lith]

A monolith is a geological feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock, or a single piece of rock placed as, or within, a monument. Erosion usually exposes the geological formations, which are most often made of very hard and solid metamorphic or sedimentary rock.

The word derives from the Latin word monolithus from the Greek word μονόλιϑος (monolithos), derived from μόνος ("one" or "single") and λίϑος ("stone").

Geological monoliths

Several monoliths claim to be the largest on Earth, including:

These claims are rarely backed up by geological information and may be based upon a single dimension such as height or circumference. Height may be measured above sea level or the surrounding ground.

Other large, well-known monoliths include:

Africa

Antarctica

Asia

Australia

Europe

North America

South America

Many of these have legends attached.

Monumental monoliths

A structure which has been excavated as a unit from a surrounding matrix or outcropping of rock.

See also

Notes

External links

  • Regarding Uluru/Ayers Rock and earlier representations of it as the largest monolith -
  • http://www.ga.gov.au/education/facts/landforms/uluru.htm
  • http://www.abc.net.au/science/k2/moments/s1469595.htm
  • http://www.wayoutback.com.au/uluru-geology.php
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