Danny Elfman composed one of his most densely detailed scores for Sleepy Hollow. The music, though essentially mono-thematic, is inventively developed and ornately orchestrated. Different orchestrations and harmonizations of a single, principle theme represents both the dark and light story elements in the film, though each comes with a handful of related secondary material.
However, save for the delicately light flashback scenes featuring Young Ichabod and his mother, the score is almost oppressively dark and heavily reliant on the low end of the orchestra. The score calls for extensive use of low woodwinds (contrabass clarinet, contrabassoon, etc.) and low brass (including Wagner tuba and cimbasso).