Under Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP), all of the noble gases are monatomic. These are helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon and radon. The heavier noble gases can form compounds, but the lighter ones are unreactive. All elements will be monatomic in the gas phase at sufficiently large temperatures.
The only mode of motion of a monatomic gas is translation (electronic excitation is not important at room temperature). Thus in an adiabatic process, monatomic gases have an idealised -factor (Cp/Cv) of , as opposed to for ideal diatomic gases where rotation (but not vibration at room temperature) also contributes, and:
where R is the gas constant.
Solids can also form monatomic powders when chemically separated from other materials. However, this is rare when removed through precipitation.
Surface light-induced drift, including number flux and heat flux, in flat-plate and circular-cylindrical geometries.(Report)
May 01, 2010; 1. Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present exact results for certain effects in light-induced drift (LID), using a...