(born Dec. 31, 1905, Flers-de-l'Orne, France—died Oct. 3, 1975, Paris) French politician. An English teacher in Arras, he joined the Socialist Party in 1921 and became head of the socialist teachers' union in 1939. After serving in World War II, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies and became secretary-general of the Socialist Party (1946–69). With Pierre Mendès-France
, he led the Republican Front to victory and became premier (1956–57). Failures in dealing with the Algerian rebellion and the Suez Crisis led to the government's defeat, but Mollet continued to serve as a deputy and as mayor of Arras.
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.