Definitions

mobocratic

Pendleton, Indiana

Pendleton is a town in Fall Creek Township, Madison County, Indiana, United States. It is part of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,873 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Pendleton is located at (40.002841, -85.746576).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km²), of which, 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.74%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,873 people, 1,550 households, and 1,052 families residing in the town. The population density was 577.6 people per square mile (222.9/km²). There were 1,631 housing units at an average density of 243.2/sq mi (93.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.27% White, 0.39% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 1,550 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,204, and the median income for a family was $54,556. Males had a median income of $39,545 versus $25,753 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,074. About 3.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Schools

The town houses the schools for its very own South Madison Community School Corporation. Pendleton Elementary (formerly South Elementary) serves as one of the three elementary schools, East Elementary and Maple Ridge Elementary, in the area and is located near the downtown area. Pendleton Heights Middle School is currently located next door to Pendleton Elementary, however a new middle school building is under construction near the high school. Pendleton Heights High School sits atop a hill on the edge of the east side of town and serves as the local high school.

Prisons

Pendleton is home to 3 facilities in the Indiana Department of Corrections

Transportation

Highways

Media

Newspaper

The Times-Post is a weekly newspaper serving Pendleton and the surrounding communities. The paper was formerly known as The Pendleton TImes, and was the first to feature Jim Davis' original comic strip, "Gnorm Gnat."

Radio

WEEM 91.7FM is a radio station located on the campus of Pendleton Heights High School and run by the students. It is a non-commercial, 1200 watt station that covers about 20 miles. The format of the station is contemporary rock. WEEM has been operational since 1970.

History

  • The Fall Creek Massacre is the name given to the brutal murders of a peaceful group of Seneca and Miami Indians by white settlers. The actual massacre occurred on March 22, 1824 in Madison County, Indiana between Fall Creek and Deer Lick Creek. James Hudson's trial was held October 7-9, 1824. Trials of the other men were held in 1825. The trial set an important precedent in recognizing the civil rights of Native Americans. The three men were hung for their crimes at Falls Park in Pendleton. This marked the first time white men were executed for the murder of Native Americans in the United States. There is a historical marker in Falls Park at the place of the hanging. The inscription reads: "Three white men were hung here in 1825 for killing Indians."
  • Pendleton was the county seat of Madison County until it was relocated to Andersontown (now Anderson), in 1826.
  • Abolitionist Frederick Douglas was attacked by a mob in 1843 while attempting to deliver a lecture in Pendleton. Douglas was knocked unconscious and his hand was broken. Douglas described the attack as follows: "Pendleton this mobocratic spirit was even more pronounced. It was found impossible to obtain a building in which to hold our convention, and our friends, Dr. Fussell and others, erected a platform in the woods, where quite a large audience assembled. Mr. Bradburn, Mr. White, and myself were in attendance. As soon as we began to speak a mob of about sixty of the roughest characters I ever looked upon ordered us, through its leaders, to "be silent," threatening us, if we were not, with violence. We attempted to dissuade them, but they had not come to parley but to fight, and were well armed. They tore down the platform on which we stood, assaulted Mr. White and knocking out several of his teeth, dealt a heavy blow on William A. White, striking him on the back part of the head, badly cutting his scalp and felling him to the ground. Undertaking to fight my way through the crowd with a stick which I caught up in the mêlée, I attracted the fury of the mob, which laid me prostrate on the ground under a torrent of blows. Leaving me thus, with my right hand broken, and in a state of unconsciousness, the mobocrats hastily mounted their horses and rode to Andersonville, where most of them resided. I was soon raised up and revived by Neal Hardy, a kind-hearted member of the Society of Friends, and carried by him in his wagon about three miles in the country to his home, where I was tenderly nursed and bandaged by good Mrs. Hardy till I was again on my feet, but as the bones broken were not properly set my hand has never recovered its natural strength and dexterity. We lingered long in Indiana, and the good effects of our labors there are felt at this day. I have lately visited Pendleton, now one of the best republican towns in the State, and looked again upon the spot where I was beaten down, and have again taken by the hand some of the witnesses of that scene, amongst whom was the kind, good lady--Mrs. Hardy--who, so like the good Samaritan of old, bound up my wounds, and cared for me so kindly"
  • The Pendleton Correctional Facility is located on the south edge of town. Famous former inmates include: John Dillinger, Harry Pierpont and Homer Van Meter. The Pendleton Reformatory is a maximum security prison and is located at 4490 Reformatory Rd.
  • The Pendleton Historic District, a U.S. Registered Historic District covers an area roughly bounded by Fall Creek, the Conrail right-of-way, Madison and Adams Sts.
  • According to the Indiana EMS commission Pendleton Emergency Ambulance operates one of only two volunteer Advanced Life Support (ALS) ambulance service in Indiana.

References

External links

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