is the less populated of the two communes
(municipalities) making up the French overseas collectivity
of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
, in North America
. They are located to the south of Newfoundland
in the Atlantic Ocean
. The communal seat is the settlement of Miquelon, in the north of Miquelon Island.
Miquelon-Langlade is made up of three geologically distinct islands bound together by tombolos: long strips of sand dune. These islands are: Le Cap, Miquelon Island (Grand Miquelon) and Langlade Island (Petite Miquelon).
Miquelon Island has a large lagoon known as the Grand Barachois which is host to a large population of seals and other wildlife. Miquelon is also a well known destination for bird watching.
The name Miquelon is of Basque
origin and means "Michael", as several fishermen with this name were established in the island. In 1579
, the names Micquetõ
appeared for the first time in Martin de Hoyarçabal
's navigational pilot. The name evolved over time into Miclon
, and finally Miquelon
The population of Miquelon-Langlade is mainly of Basque and Acadian ancestry. The population of Miquelon-Langlade was 616 at the January 2006 local census, 615 of whom lived on Miquelon, and only one of whom lived on Langlade (this sole inhabitant, Charles Lafitte, died in July 2006).
Miquelon can be reached by boat or by plane from Saint-Pierre
and is served by Miquelon Airport
which is located adjacent to the settlement of Miquelon. The airport is served by Air Saint-Pierre
with flights both to Saint Pierre Airport
Tourism and travel links