The Black and White Minstrel Show
was a British
television series that ran from 1958 until 1978 and was a popular stage show. It was a weekly light entertainment and variety show
presenting traditional American minstrel
and Country songs, as well as show and music hall
numbers, usually performed in blackface
, and with lavish costumes.
The show was first broadcast on the BBC
on June 14 1958
. It began as a one-off special featuring the male Mitchell Minstrels
(after George Mitchell
, the Musical Director) and the female Television Toppers
dancers in 1957. It was popular and soon developed into a regular 45 minute show on Saturday evenings, featuring both solo and minstrel
pieces (often with extended segueing
) as well as "comedy interludes". It was produced by George Inns
with George Mitchell.
Audiences regularly exceeded 18 million. The Minstrels also had a theatrical show
which ran for 6,477 performances from 1960–1972 and established itself in The Guinness Book of Records
as the stage show seen by the largest number of people. At this time, the creation had gained considerable international respect and kudos. The show won a Golden Rose
in 1961 for best light entertainment programme and the first three albums of songs (1960–1962) all did extremely well, the first two being long-running number ones in the British album chart.
While the show started off being broadcast in (genuine) black-and-white, the show was one of the very first to be moved to colour by the BBC in 1967.
Several famous personalities guested on the show, while others started their careers there. Comedian Lenny Henry was one such star, being the first black comedian to appear, in 1975.
The show's premise began to be seen as offensive on account of its portrayal of blacked-up characters behaving in a stereotypical manner. A petition against it was received by the BBC in 1967, and since cancellation it has come to be seen more widely as an embarrassment, despite its popularity at the time.
TV show was cancelled in 1978 as part of a reduction in variety programming (although by this point the blackface element had been reduced), but the stage show continued. Having left the Victoria Palace Theatre
, where the stage show played from 1962 to 1972, the show toured almost every year to various big city and seaside resort theatres around the UK, including The Futurist in Scarborough
, The Festival Hall in Paignton
and The Pavilion Theatre in Bournemouth
. This continued each summer until 1987, when a final tour of three Butlins
, Bognor Regis
and Barry Island
) saw the last official Black and White Minstrel Show on stage.
", an episode of the BBC comedy series The Goodies
, spoofed the popularity of The Black and White Minstrel Show
, suggesting that any programme could double its viewing figures by being performed in blackface, and mentioning that a series of The Black and White Minstrel Show
had been tried without make up. In the late 1960s, Masquerade
, a "whiteface" version of the show, had been tried, only to lose viewers.
When a revival of the Black And White Minstrel Show was proposed by fictional television presenter Roger Mellie, Tom states "Television bade good riddance to that racist rubbish decades ago".