Definitions

Minor seventh chord

Minor seventh chord

In music, a minor seventh chord is any seventh chord where the "third" note is a minor third above the root.

Most typically, minor seventh chord refers to where the "seventh" note is a minor seventh above the root (a fifth above the third note) . In a major scale, this chord is on the second degree.

When the seventh note is a major seventh above the root, it is called a minor/major seventh chord. Its harmonic function is similar to that of a "normal" minor seventh, as is the minor seven flat five or half-diminished chord – but in each case, the altered tone (seventh or fifth, respectively) creates a different feel which is exploited in modulations and to utilize leading-tones.

Table

root/
chord name
third note fifth note seventh note
A C E G
B D F A
C E G B
D F A C
E G B D
F A C E
G B D F

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