Metaphysical problem of the relationship between mind and body. The modern problem stems from the thought of René Descartes, who is responsible for the classical formulation of dualism. Descartes's interactionism had many critics even in his own day. Thomas Hobbes denied the existence of mental substance. Materialism of a sort was also supported by Descartes's correspondent Pierre Gassendi (1592–1655). Benedict de Spinoza posited a single substance of which the mental and the material are attributes; his theory is known as psycho-physical parallelism. More recent views include the double-aspect theory, identity theory, eliminative materialism (which denies the reality of the familiar categories of mental state posited in so-called folk psychology), and theories of supervenience.
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Saybrook Graduate School and the Center for Mind-Body Medicine Announce Educational Affiliation for Ground-Breaking Graduate Education in Healthcare.
May 09, 2009; Dr. Lorne M. Buchman, President of Saybrook Graduate School and Dr. James S. Gordon, Founder and Director of The Center for...