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Clint Eastwood

[eest-wood]

Clinton "Clint" Eastwood, Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is a four-time Academy Award winning American actor and filmmaker.

Eastwood is best known for his tough guy, anti-hero acting roles in western films, particularly in the 1960s, 1970s and early 1980s. His performances as the laconic Man with No Name in Sergio Leone's "Dollars trilogy" of Spaghetti Westerns which include A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966), and as Inspector "Dirty" Harry Callahan in the Dirty Harry films have seen him become an enduring icon of masculinity.

Eastwood has won five Academy Awards — twice each as Best Director and as producer of the Best Picture and the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award in 1995. He has also been nominated twice for Best Actor, for his performances in Unforgiven and Million Dollar Baby. His recent films in particular, like Million Dollar Baby (2004) and Letters from Iwo Jima (2006), and also earlier Revisionist Western films such as High Plains Drifter (1973), The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976) and Unforgiven (1992) have all received a significant degree of critical acclaim.

Eastwood also has an interest in politics and was elected Mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California in which he served from 1986 to 1988.

Biography

Early life

Clinton was born in San Francisco, to Clinton Eastwood, Sr., a steelworker and migratory worker, and his wife Margaret Ruth (Runner) Eastwood, a factory worker. Clint was born a very large baby at over 14 pounds and still holds the hospital's record for the largest and heaviest baby ever delivered there. Eastwood has English, Scottish, Dutch and Irish ancestry. He was raised in a "middle class Protestant home and moved often as his father worked at a variety of jobs along the West Coast. The family settled in Piedmont, California during Eastwood's teens, and he graduated from Oakland Technical High School in 1949. Eastwood then worked as a gas station attendant, as a fireman, and played ragtime piano at a bar in Oakland. In 1950, during the Korean War, was drafted into the US Army, and was aboard a military flight that crashed into the Pacific Ocean north of San Francisco. He escaped serious injury, but had to remain behind to testify at a hearing investigating the cause of the crash. This kept him from being shipped to Korea with the rest of his unit. During his military service, Eastwood became friends with fellow soldiers and future actors Martin Milner and David Janssen.

Film career

Eastwood first entered the film industry in the mid-1950s, and began work as an actor with brief appearances in B-films such as Revenge of the Creature, Tarantula and Francis in the Navy. His break as an actor came in 1958 when he took on the role of Rowdy Yates in the TV series Rawhide. As Rowdy Yates (whom Eastwood described as "the idiot of the plains" in private), he became a household name across the United States and appeared throughout its seven year run from the first broadcast in January 1959. While appearing in the series Eastwood would star in several films, including his first starring role in a feature film, Ambush at Cimarron Pass, which he has dismissed as "probably the lousiest Western ever made." In 1959, he fist fought James Garner in the "Duel at Sundown" episode of the western comedy television series Maverick. He then, whilst appearing in Rawhide, didn't appear in a film until one day he was contacted by Italian auteur Sergio Leone.

1960s

An executive had spotted Eastwood on the series Rawhide in the early 1960s and thought he looked like a cowboy, and at 6 ft 4 inches (193cm) was a strong physical presence on set. Eastwood was called upon to audition for Leone's picture A Fistful of Dollars (1964), but Eastwood was not the first actor who was approached to play the main character. Originally, the director Sergio Leone intended James Coburn to play the role of the "Man With No Name". However, the production company could not afford to engage a major Hollywood star. Hereupon, Leone offered Charles Bronson the part who, in turn, declined the role arguing the script was too bad. Bronson would later star in Leone's Once Upon a Time in the West (1968). Other actors who turned the role down were Ty Hardin and James Coburn. Leone then turned his attentions towards Richard Harrison, who had recently starred in the very first Italian western, Gunfight at Red Sands (Duello nel Texas). Harrison, however, had not been impressed with his experience on his previous film, and refused. The producers later established a list of available, lesser-known American actors, and asked Harrison for advice. Harrison suggested Clint Eastwood, who he knew could play a cowboy convincingly. Harrison later stated:

"Maybe my greatest contribution to cinema was not doing Fistful of Dollars, and recommending Clint for the part".

The film was to be shot in Spain, and although it wasn't the first western shot in such manner and the film itself was evidently a tribute to Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo (1961), the film would become a benchmark in the Spaghetti Western genre that evolved from the mid 1960s. Eastwood was instrumental in creating the Man With No Name character's distinctive visual style that would appear in the Dollars trilogy that followed. He bought the black jeans from a sport shop on Hollywood Boulevard, the hat came from a Santa Monica wardrobe firm and the trademark black cigars came from a Beverly Hills store, although Eastwood himself is a non-smoker. Because A Fistful of Dollars was an Italian/German/Spanish co-production, there was a significant language barrier on the set. Sergio Leone did not speak English, and Eastwood communicated with the Italian cast and crew which also included prominent actor Gian Maria Volontè mostly through stuntman Benito Stefanelli, who also acted as an unofficial interpreter for the production and would later appear in Leone's other pictures. Leone reportedly took to Eastwood's distinctive style soon, and in Italian commented that "I like Clint Eastwood because he has only two facial expressions: one with the hat, and one without it".

Leone would hire Eastwood to appear in his trilogy of westerns following on with For a Few Dollars More / Per qualche dollaro in più (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly / Il Buono, il brutto, il cattivo (1966) many of which included the same actors. Leone used his innovative style to depict a wilder, more lawless and desolate world than traditional westerns. All three films were hits, particularly the third, and Eastwood became a star, redefining the traditional image of the American cowboy, though his character was actually a gunslinger and bounty hunter rather than a traditional hero.

Stardom brought more roles in the "tough guy" mold. In 1968's Where Eagles Dare, he had second billing to Richard Burton, but was paid $800,000. In the same year, he starred in Don Siegel's Coogan's Bluff, in which he played a lonely deputy sheriff who came to the big city of New York to enforce the law in his own way. The film was controversial for its straightforward portrayal of violence, but it launched a more than ten-year collaboration between Eastwood and Siegel, and set the prototype for the macho cop hero that Eastwood would play in the Dirty Harry films. He was scheduled to be cast as Two-Face on 1966-68 Batman television series, but the production ended. During production, Malachi Throne's portrayal of False-Face was substituted.

In 1969, Eastwood began to branch out. Paint Your Wagon was a musical starring Eastwood and top-billing fellow non-singer Lee Marvin.

1970s

In 1970, Eastwood appeared in the war movie, Kelly's Heroes, and in the Siegel-directed western, Two Mules for Sister Sara, co-starring Shirley MacLaine. Both movies combined tough-guy action with offbeat humor. In The Beguiled, another movie directed by Siegel, Eastwood played a wounded Union soldier held captive by the sexually repressed matron of a southern girls' school.

1971 proved to be a professional turning point in Eastwood's career. His own production company, Malpaso, gave Eastwood the artistic control that he desired, allowing him to direct and star in the thriller, Play Misty for Me. But it was his portrayal of the hard-edged police inspector Harry Callahan in Dirty Harry that propelled Siegel's most successful movie at the box-office. Dirty Harry is arguably Eastwood's most memorable character. The film has been credited with inventing the "loose-cannon cop genre" that is imitated to this day. Eastwood's tough, no-nonsense cop touched a cultural nerve with many who were fed up with crime in the streets. Dirty Harry led to four sequels: Magnum Force (1973), The Enforcer (1976), Sudden Impact (1983), and The Dead Pool (1988).

Eastwood directed two allegorical westerns during the 1970s: High Plains Drifter (1973) and The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976). Josey Wales would be the first of six movies he starred in with his then-girlfriend Sondra Locke.

Breezy (1973) was the first film directed by Eastwood in which he did not also appear. It starred William Holden.

In 1974, Eastwood teamed with a young Jeff Bridges in Thunderbolt and Lightfoot. The movie was written and directed by Michael Cimino, who had previously written the Dirty Harry sequel Magnum Force.

In 1975, Eastwood brought another talent to the screen: rock climbing. In The Eiger Sanction, which he directed and in which he starred, Eastwood — a 5.9 climber — performed his own rock climbing stunts. This film has become a cult classic among rock-climbers. This film was done before the advent of CGI, so no digital manipulation was used in the film.

In 1977, Eastwood starred in The Gauntlet, in which he played a down and out cop assigned to escort a prostitute from Las Vegas to Phoenix to testify against the mob.

In 1978, he starred in Every Which Way But Loose in an uncharacteristic and offbeat comedy role. Eastwood played Philo Beddoe, a trucker and brawler who roamed the American West, searching for a lost love, while accompanying his best friend/manager Orville and his pet orangutan, Clyde. Arguably, Clyde stole the show. Panned by critics, the movie was a box office success, and it spawned the 1980 sequel, Any Which Way You Can. Between these two flicks, he played the main attraction in a traveling circus show in Bronco Billy, which sparked collaboration between country music star Merle Haggard and Eastwood on the song "Bar Room Buddies." The song became a hit on country music stations. (Haggard also appeared in the movie).

In 1979, Eastwood played yet another memorable role as the prison escapee Frank Morris in the fact-based movie Escape from Alcatraz, which was also his last collaboration with Don Siegel. Morris was an escape artist who was sent to Alcatraz in 1960, which was, at the time, one of the toughest prisons in America. Morris devised a meticulous plan to escape from "The Rock" and, in 1962, he and two other prisoners broke out of the prison and entered San Francisco Bay. The FBI maintains that the escapees drowned.

1980s

In 1982 Eastwood directed, produced, and starred in the Cold War-themed Firefox. The fourth Dirty Harry film Sudden Impact (1983) made Eastwood a viable star for the 1980s. President Ronald Reagan referred to his famous "Go ahead, make my day." line in one of his speeches.

Eastwood revisited the western genre directing and starring in Pale Rider (1985), a homage to the western film classic Shane, which premiered at the Cannes Film Festival. His fifth and final Dirty Harry film, The Dead Pool (1988), was a success overall, but it lacked the box office punch his previous films had achieved. Eastwood alternated between more mainstream comedic films (if not particularly successful), such as Pink Cadillac and The Rookie (1990), and more personal projects, such as directing Bird (1988), a biopic of Charlie "Bird" Parker which gave him the nomination for the Golden Palm in the Cannes Film Festival. He also directed and starred, as an ersatz John Huston, in White Hunter, Black Heart (1990), an uneven adaptation of Peter Viertel's roman à clef about the making of the classic The African Queen. The film received some critical acclaim, although Katharine Hepburn contested the veracity of much of the material.

1990s

Eastwood rose to prominence yet again in the early 1990s. He revisited the western genre one final time in the self-directed 1992 film, Unforgiven, taking on the role of an aging ex-gunfighter long past his prime. The film, also starring such esteemed actors as Gene Hackman, Morgan Freeman, and Richard Harris, laid the groundwork for such later westerns as Deadwood by re-envisioning established genre conventions in a more ambiguous and unromantic light. A great success both in terms of box office and critical acclaim, it was nominated for nine Oscars, including Best Actor for Eastwood and Best Original Screenplay for David Webb Peoples. It won four, including Best Picture and Best Director for Eastwood.

The following year, Eastwood played a guilt-ridden Secret Service agent in the thriller In the Line of Fire (1993) directed by Wolfgang Petersen. This film was a blockbuster and among the top 10 box-office performers in that year. Eastwood directed and starred with Kevin Costner in A Perfect World the same year. He continued to expand his repertoire by playing opposite Meryl Streep in the love story The Bridges of Madison County (1995). Based on a best-selling novel, it was also a hit at the box-office. Afterward, Eastwood turned to more directing work — much of it well received — including Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997). He directed and starred in Absolute Power (1997), a political thriller co-starring Gene Hackman, Ed Harris, and Dennis Haysbert.

2000s

In 2002, Eastwood played an ex-FBI agent on the track of a sadistic killer in Blood Work, which was derived from a book by Michael Connelly. In 2003 he directed Mystic River for which he garnered a Best Director nomination. In Space Cowboys, which also starred Tommy Lee Jones, Donald Sutherland, James Garner, and James Cromwell, he plays Frank Corvin, a retired NASA engineer called upon to save a dying Russian satellite. He found critical acclaim with Million Dollar Baby in 2004, winning 4 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, and Eastwood was nominated for Best Actor (the award went to Jamie Foxx). In 2006, he directed two movies about the battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. The first one, Flags of Our Fathers, focused on the men who raised the American Flag on top of Mount Suribachi. The second one, Letters from Iwo Jima, dealt with the tactics of the Japanese soldiers on the island and the letters they wrote to family members. Both films were highly praised by critics and garnered several Oscar Nominations, including Best Director and Picture for Letters from Iwo Jima. Eastwood will return to the screen for his film Gran Torino in which he will play the lead role of Walt Kowalski, who tries to change the ways of his teenager neighbor after noticing he tried to steal his prize winning 1972 Gran Torino. The film, featuring an almost all-Hmong leading cast, was shot in Detroit in August and has been scheduled for a December 2008 release.

Eastwood has his own Warner Bros. Records-distributed imprint, Malpaso Records, as part of his deal with Warner Bros. This deal was unchanged when Warner Music Group was sold by Time Warner to private investors. Malpaso has released all of the scores of Eastwood's films from The Bridges of Madison County onward. It also released the album of a 1996 jazz concert he hosted, titled Eastwood after Hours — Live at Carnegie Hall.

Directing

Eastwood has redefined himself as a director and has generally received greater critical acclaim for his directing than he ever did for his acting. His directorial debut occurred with Play Misty For Me in 1971. He had tried for some time to direct an episode of Rawhide, even being promised at one point the possibility of doing so. However, because of differences between the president of the studio and show producers, Eastwood's opportunity fell through. Eastwood has become known for directing high-quality but bleak dramas such as Unforgiven, A Perfect World, Mystic River, Million Dollar Baby, Flags of Our Fathers, and Letters from Iwo Jima. However, he has chosen a wide variety of films to direct, some clearly commercial, others highly personal.

Eastwood produces many of his movies, and is well known in the industry for his efficient, low-cost approach to making films. Over the years, he has developed relationships with many other filmmakers, working over and over with the same crew, production designers, cinematographers, editors and other technical people. Similarly, he has a long-term relationship with the Warner Bros. studio, which finances and releases most of his films. However, in a 2004 interview appearing in The New York Times, Eastwood noted that he still sometimes has difficulty convincing the studio to back his films. In more recent years, Eastwood also has begun composing music for some of his films.

Eastwood completed in December 2007 directing Universal Pictures' Changeling, a period thriller from noted writer J. Michael Straczynski and producers Ron Howard and Brian Grazer. Angelina Jolie is starring in the film, with a fall 2008 release date.

He is rumored to be directing the Nelson Mandela bio-pic The Human Factor, with Morgan Freeman playing Mandela. No confirmation has been released to date. Eastwood and Warner Bros. have purchased the movie rights to James R. Hansen's First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong, the authorized biography of astronaut Neil Armstrong. No production date has been announced. Eastwood recently announced that he has all but retired from acting, although maintains that "if a good western script turns up, you never know..."

Clint Eastwood has been announced as director and star of the upcoming Warner Brothers film, "Gran Torino".

He currently donates funds toward the new CSUMB campus library. In early 2007, Eastwood announced that he will produce a Bruce Ricker documentary about jazz legend Dave Brubeck. The film is tentatively titled Dave Brubeck – In His Own Sweet Way. It will trace the development of Brubeck's latest composition, the Cannery Row Suite. This work was commissioned by the Monterey Jazz Festival and premiered at the 2006 festival. Eastwood's film crews captured early rehearsals, sound checks and the final performance. Ricker and Eastwood are currently working on a documentary about Tony Bennett, as well, titled The Music Never Ends.

Awards

Eastwood has had a total of ten nominations for the Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture, winning in both categories for Unforgiven and Million Dollar Baby. His other nominations were for Mystic River and Letters from Iwo Jima. He was also unsuccessfully nominated twice for Best Actor (Unforgiven and Million Dollar Baby). He is one of two people to have been twice nominated for Best Actor and Best Director for the same film (Unforgiven and Million Dollar Baby) the other being Warren Beatty (Heaven Can Wait and Reds).

He is one of only three living directors (along with Miloš Forman and Francis Ford Coppola) to have directed two Best Picture winners. At age 74, he was the oldest director to achieve this distinction. He directed two actors, Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman, in Academy Award winning roles as Best Supporting Actor in consecutive years. Robbins won in 2003 for Mystic River while Freeman won in 2004 for his role in Million Dollar Baby. He also directed Sean Penn in his Academy Award winning role as Best Actor in Mystic River, as well as Hilary Swank in her second win for Best Actress in Million Dollar Baby and Gene Hackman in Unforgiven.

Eastwood has received numerous other awards, including an America Now TV Award as well as one of the 2000 Kennedy Center Honors. He received an honorary degree from University of the Pacific in 2006, and an honorary degree from University of Southern California in 2007. In 1995 he received the honorary Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for lifetime achievement in film producing. In 2006, he received a nomination for a Grammy Award in the category of Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media for Million Dollar Baby. In 2007, Eastwood was the first recipient of the Jack Valenti Humanitarian Award, an annual award presented by the MPAA to individuals in the motion picture industry whose work has reached out positively and respectfully to the world. He received the award for his work on the 2006 films Flags of Our Fathers and the Academy Award-Winning Letters from Iwo Jima.

On December 6, 2006, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Clint Eastwood into the California Hall of Fame located at The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts.

In early 2007, Eastwood was presented with the highest civilian distinction in France, Légion d'honneur, at a ceremony in Paris. French President Jacques Chirac told Eastwood that he embodied "the best of Hollywood".

On September 22, 2007, Clint Eastwood was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree from the Berklee College of Music at the Monterey Jazz Festival, on which he serves as an active board member. Upon receiving the award he gave a speech, claiming, "It's one of the great honors I’ll cherish in this lifetime." He was also honored with the "Cinema for Peace Award 2007 for Most Valuable Movie of the Year" for "Flags of our Fathers" and "Letters from Iwo Jima".

Politics

Eastwood made one successful foray into elected politics, becoming the Mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California (usually abbreviated to Carmel; population 4,000), a wealthy small town and artist community on the Monterey Peninsula, for one term. Frustrated with what he perceived to be the bureaucracy in Carmel's politics, he ran a last-minute, small-scale campaign emphasizing better relations between the business and residential communities. On election day, April 8, 1986, with double the usual voter turnout, Eastwood obtained 72.5% of the vote and was elected to a position that paid $200 per month. During his tenure, he tried to weigh the rights of preservationists against development of the town for local business. Eastwood decided not to run for a second term owing to the number of trivial decisions required of the mayor in such a small town. During his tenure, he completed Heartbreak Ridge and Bird.

Eastwood has been registered as a Republican since 1951 and supported Richard Nixon's 1968 presidential campaign, he describes himself as a libertarian. He says his philosophy is "Everyone leaves everyone else alone". He says he voted for Arnold Schwarzenegger as Governor of California in the 2003 recall election, and again in 2006.

In 2001 he was appointed to the California State Park and Recreation Commission, by Gray Davis. He was reappointed in 2004 by Schwarzenegger.

Eastwood, the vice chairman of the commission, and commission chairman, Bobby Shriver, Schwarzenegger's brother-in-law, led a California State Park and Recreation Commission panel in its unanimous opposition in 2005 to a six-lane, , toll road that would cut through San Onofre State Beach, north of San Diego, and one of Southern California's most cherished surfing beaches. Eastwood and Shriver also supported a 2006 lawsuit to block the toll road and urged the California Coastal Commission to reject the project, which it did in February 2008.

In March 2008 Eastwood and Shriver, whose terms had expired, were not reappointed. The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) ask for a legislative investigation into the decision to not re-appoint Eastwood and Shriver, citing their opposition to the toll road extension. According to the NRDC and The New Republic, Eastwood and Shriver were not reappointed again in 2008 because both Eastwood and Shriver opposed the freeway extension of California State Route 241, that would cut through the San Onofre State Beach. An extension that Governor Schwarzenegger supports. Governor Schwarzenegger press release appointing Alice Huffman and Lindy DeKoven to replace Eastwood and Shriver makes no mention of a reason for the commission change.

Governor Schwarzenegger appointed Eastwood (along with actor and director Danny DeVito, actor and director Bill Duke, producer Tom Werner and producer and director Lili Zanuck) to the California Film Commission in April 2004.

Personal life

Relationships

Eastwood has been married twice and has five daughters and two sons by five different women.

His first wife was model Maggie Johnson. They married on December 19, 1953, just six months after they met. According to the unauthorized biography, Clint: The Life and Legend, Eastwood was unfaithful to her the entire time they were married. In the early 1960s, Eastwood began a secret affair with Roxanne Tunis, an extra on Rawhide. They had a daughter, Kimber, born on June 17, 1964. Over the years, Eastwood financially supported Kimber and her mother and would secretly visit them every 3–4 months. Kimber's existence was not made public until 1989. She is now a makeup artist and part time actress. She had a small role in her father's film, Absolute Power. Eastwood allegedly had affairs with Barbra Streisand, Peggy Lipton, Jean Seberg (his co-star in Paint Your Wagon), and Jane Brolin, former wife of actor James Brolin.

Clint and Maggie went on to have two children, Kyle Eastwood (born May 19, 1968) and Alison Eastwood, (born May 22, 1972). They split in 1978 when she became aware that he had been carrying on a long-term affair with Sondra Locke. Clint was ordered to pay Maggie $25 million, $1 million for each year they were married. Though they had filed for a legal separation in 1978, their divorce was not finalized until May 1984.

Eastwood co-starred with Sondra Locke in six films: The Outlaw Josey Wales, The Gauntlet, Every Which Way but Loose, Bronco Billy, Any Which Way You Can, and Sudden Impact. They first met in 1972 and began a romantic relationship during the filming of Josey Wales. They lived together for 14 years before their bitter break-up in 1989. Locke claimed that Eastwood changed the locks on their home and put all of her belongings in storage. She also claimed that he persuaded her to have two abortions and a tubal ligation. Eastwood has adamantly denied the allegations. His reputation was damaged again when it was discovered he fathered two children, Scott Eastwood (b. March 21, 1986) and Kathryn Eastwood (b. Feb 2, 1988), with airline hostess Jacelyn Reeves while he was still involved with Locke. She filed a palimony suit against him asking for $1.3 million. In 1990, they reached an amicable agreement that consisted of Eastwood giving her a directing deal with Warner Bros., but the studio never produced her proposed films nor hired her to direct. In 1996, they were back in court with Locke filing another lawsuit, this time against Warner Bros., alleging that the company had never intended to make any films with her, and that Eastwood had compensated Warner Bros. for the contract. On September 10, 1996, not long after the trial began, the trial judge issued an order ejecting the media from all hearings in the trial held outside of the presence of the jury; the order was eventually overturned by the Supreme Court of California in 1999. In 1997, Locke published an autobiography The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly that included a harrowing account of her years with Eastwood. In 1999, they settled out of court for a reportedly large settlement, details of which were not publicly disclosed.

During the filming of Pink Cadillac, Eastwood began an affair with costar Frances Fisher. They went on to co-star together in the blockbuster Unforgiven. They had a daughter, Francesca Fisher-Eastwood, born on August 7, 1993. Their relationship ended in 1995, but they remained friends and have since costarred in another film, True Crime.

Eastwood met Dina Ruiz, an anchorwoman, when she interviewed him in 1993. They became good friends, and began a romantic relationship two years later. They married on March 31, 1996. Their daughter, Morgan Eastwood, was born on December 12, 1996. Dina maintains a friendly relationship with all of her husband's children and their mothers, and often brings the whole family together at their ranch.

Eastwood has two grandchildren, Clinton (Kimber's son, born 1984) and Graylen (Kyle's daughter, born March 28, 1994).

Eastwood remains a popular sex symbol.

Leisure

Eastwood owns the exclusive Tehàma Golf Club, located in Carmel within Monterey County. The invitation-only club reportedly has around 300 members and a joining price of $500,000. He is a co-owner of the world famous Pebble Beach Golf Club. Eastwood is also the owner of the Mission Ranch Hotel and Restaurant, located in Carmel. He is an experienced pilot and sometimes flies his own helicopter to the studio to avoid traffic.

Eastwood is an audiophile, known for his love of jazz. He owns an extensive collection of LPs which he plays on a Rockport turntable. His interest in music was passed on to his son Kyle, now a jazz musician. Eastwood co-wrote "Why should I care" with Linda Thompson and Carole Bayer Sager which was recorded by Diana Krall. He is a longtime animal rights activist and maintains a vegan diet "heavy on fruit, vegetables, tofu, and other soy products. Despite starring in 'shoot 'em up' films, he has voiced criticism of hunters, saying, "I don't go for hunting. I just don't like killing creatures. Unless they're trying to kill me. Then that would be fine. He loves to golf and donates his time every year to charitable causes at major tournaments.

Filmography

Year Film Role
1955 Revenge of the Creature Lab Technician (uncredited)
1955 Francis in the Navy Jonesey
1955 Lady Godiva First Saxon (uncredited)
1955 Tarantula Jet Squadron Leader (uncredited)
1956 Never Say Goodbye Will (uncredited)
1956 Star in the Dust Tom (ranch hand; uncredited)
1956 Away All Boats Marine (Medic; uncredited)
1956 The First Traveling Saleslady Lieutenant Jack Rice, Roughrider
1957 Escapade in Japan Dumbo Pilot (uncredited)
1958 Lafayette Escadrille George Moseley
1958 Ambush at Cimarron Pass Keith Williams
1959 Rawhide (TV) Rowdy Yates (1959-1966)
1964 A Fistful Of Dollars Joe (The Man with No Name)
1965 For a Few Dollars More Manco (The Man with No Name)
1966 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Blondie (The Man with No Name)
1967 The Witches Charlie (segment "Una sera come le altre")
1968 Hang 'Em High Marshal Jed Cooper
1968 Coogan's Bluff Deputy Sheriff Walt Coogan
1968 Where Eagles Dare Lieutenant Morris Schaffer
1969 Paint Your Wagon Sylvester 'Pardner' Newel
1970 Two Mules for Sister Sara Hogan
1970 Kelly's Heroes Private Kelly
1971 The Beguiled Cpl. John McBurney
1971 Play Misty for Me David 'Dave' Garver
(also directed)
1971 Dirty Harry Inspector 'Dirty' Harry Callahan
1972 Joe Kidd Joe Kidd
1973 High Plains Drifter The Stranger
(also directed)
1973 Magnum Force Harry Callahan
1973 Breezy Director
1974 Thunderbolt and Lightfoot Thunderbolt
1975 The Eiger Sanction Dr. Jonathan Hemlock
(also directed)
1976 The Outlaw Josey Wales Josey Wales
(also directed)
1976 The Enforcer Harry Callahan
1977 The Gauntlet Ben Shockley
(also directed)
1978 Every Which Way But Loose Philo Beddoe
1979 Escape from Alcatraz Frank Morris
1980 Bronco Billy Bronco Billy McCoy
(also directed)
1980 Any Which Way You Can Philo Beddoe
1982 Firefox Mitchell Gant
(also directed and produced)
1982 Honkytonk Man Red Stovall
(also directed and produced)
1983 Sudden Impact Harry Callahan
(also directed and produced)
1984 Tightrope Wes Block
(also produced)
1984 City Heat Lieutenant Speer
1985 Pale Rider Preacher
(also directed and produced)
1986 Heartbreak Ridge Gunnery Sergent Tom 'Gunny' Highway
(also directed and produced)
1988 The Dead Pool Harry Callahan
1988 Bird Director and producer
1989 Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser Executive producer
1989 Pink Cadillac Tommy Nowak
1990 White Hunter Black Heart John Wilson
(also directed and produced)
1990 The Rookie Nick Pulovski
(also directed)
1992 Unforgiven William Munny
(also directed and produced)
1993 In the Line of Fire Secret Service Agent Frank Horrigan
1993 A Perfect World Chief Red Garnett
(also directed and produced)
1995 The Bridges of Madison County Robert Kincaid
(also directed and produced)
1995 The Stars Fell on Henrietta Producer
1997 Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Director and producer
1997 Absolute Power Luther Whitney
(also directed and produced)
1999 True Crime Steve Everett
(also directed and produced)
2000 Space Cowboys Dr. Frank Corvin
(also directed and produced)
2002 Blood Work Terry McCaleb
(also directed and produced)
2003 Mystic River Director and producer
2004 Million Dollar Baby Frankie Dunn
(also directed and produced)
2006 Flags of Our Fathers Director and producer
2006 Letters from Iwo Jima Director and producer
2008 Changeling Director
2009 The Human Factor (film) Director

Awards & honors

Academy Award nominations

Golden Globe nominations

Discography

Eastwood is also a musician, pianist and composer. He composed the film score to the 2007 film Grace is Gone.

Albums

Singles

  • "Unknown Girl" (single, 1961)
  • "Rowdy" (single, 1962)
  • "For You, For Me, For Evermore" (single)
  • "Barroom Buddies" (single, 1980) with Merle Haggard
  • "Cowboy in a Three Piece Suit" (single, 1981)
  • "Make My Day" (single, 1984) with T.G. Sheppard

References

External links

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